by Edna O'Brien(b. 1930) — Irish writer
I was not sorry to be leaving the old village. It was dead and tired and old and crumbling and falling down. The shops needed paint and there seemed to be fewer geraniums in the upstairs windows than there had been when I was a child.
The next hour flew. Once again we were saying good-bye. Martha cried. I suppose she felt that we were always going; and that life stood still for her. Life had passed her by, cheated her. She was just forty. We were in a third-class carriage that said «No Smoking», and the train chugged along towards Dublin. «Chrisake, where's there a smoking-carriage?» Baba asked. Her father had put us on the train, but we didn't let on that we each had a packet of cigarettes .in our handbags. «We'll look for one,» I said and we went down the corridor, giggling and giving strangers the «So what» look. I suppose it was then we began that phase of our lives as the giddy country girls brazening the big city. People looked at us and then looked away again, as though they had just discovered that we were naked or something. But we didn't care. We were young and, we thought, pretty.Baba was small and thin, with her hair cut short like a boy's and little tempting curls falling on to her forehead. She was neat looking, and any man could lift her up in his arms and carry her off. But I was tall and gawky, with a bewildered look, and a mass of bewildered auburn hair. «We'll have sherry or cider or some damn' thing», she said, turning round to face me. Her skin was dark and when she smiled I thought of autumn things, like nuts and russet-coloured apples. «You're lovely looking», I said. «You're gorgeous», she said, in return. «You're a picture», I said. «You're like Rita Hayworth», she said. «D'you know what I often think?» «What?» «How the poor bloody nuns managed the day you kept them out of the lavatory». At the mention of the convent, I got a faint smell of cabbage; that smell that lingered in every corner of the school. «Twas tough on them, holding it», she said, and she let out one of her mad, donkey laughs. The train turned a sharp bend and we fell on to the nearest seat. Baba was laughing, so I smiled at a man opposite. He was half asleep, and didn't notice me. We got up and went down the aisle of the carriages, between the dusty velvet-covered seats. In a while we came to the bar. «Two glasses of sherry», Baba said, blowing smoke directly into the barman's face. «What kind?» he asked. He was friendly and didn't mind the smoke.«Any kind». He filled two glasses and put them on the counter. After we had drunk the sherry I bought cider for us, and we were a little tipsy as we swayed on the high stools and looked out at the rain as it fell on the fields that shot past the train. But being tipsy we did not see very much and the rain did not touch us.
1. The scene takes place in:
2. There are two girls:
a) one is called Martha, the other one's name
is not mentioned;
b) one is called Baba, the other one is Martha;
c) one is called Chrisake, the other one is
d) one is called Baba, the other one's name is
4. Leaving the village was:
a) a heart-breaking experience;
b) a liberating experience;
c) a frightening experience;
5. In the narrator's view, «Martha cried»:
a) because she would miss the girls;
b) over her own situation;
c) because she didn't want to leave;
d) because she was angry.
6. "People looked at us...» reveals that:
a) they approved of the girls;
b) they were amused;
c) they admired the girls;
d) they disapproved of the girls.
7. «But being tipsy we didn't see very much»:
a) The girls were shortsighted;
b) The girls were drunk;
c) It was too dark;
Task 2. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А-G. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A-G, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
'It's Only Me'
After her husband had gone to work, Mrs. Richards sent her children to school and went upstairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework that morning, because in the evening she would be going to a fancy dress A with her husband. She intended to dress up as a ghost and she had made her costume the night before. Now she was B __to try it on. Though the costume consisted only of a sheet, it was very effective. Mr. Richards put it C , looked in the mirror, smiled and went downstairs. She wanted to find out whether it would be D to wear.
Just as Mrs. Richards was entering the dining-room, there was E on the front door. She knew that it must be the baker. She had told him to come straight in if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. Not wanting to F the poor man, Mrs. Richards quickly hid in the small store-room under the stairs. She heard the front door open and heavy footsteps in the hall. Suddenly the door of the store-room was opened and a man entered. Mrs. Richards realized that it must be the man from the Electricity Board who had come to read the meter. She tried to G the situation, saying 'It's only me', but it was too late. The man let out a cry and jumped back several paces. When Mrs. Richards walked towards him, he ran away, slamming the door behind him
A. 1) show 2) party 3) performance 4) programme
B. 1) nervous 2) restless 3) ill at ease 4) impatient
C. 1) up 2) on 3) over 4) down
D. 1) attractive 2) exciting 3) comfortable 4) cozy
E. 1) knock 2) kick 3) hit 4) crash
F. 1) fear 2) worry 3) disturb 4) frighten
G. 1) describe 2) explain 3) interpret 4) clear
Task 3. Установите соответствие тем A-H текстам 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.
A. A taste of everything E. Ancient traditions live on
B. Shop till you drop F. On the crossroads of religions
C. City's tourist attractions G. For the body, mind and soul
D. Activities for the adventurous and hardy H. From the high peaks to the deep seas
1. Today Jakarta has much to offer, ranging from museums, art and antique markets, first class shopping to accommodations and a wide variety of cultural activities. Jakarta's most famous landmark, the National Monument, or Monas, is a 137m obelisk topped with a flame sculpture coated with 35 kg of gold. Among other places one can mention the National museum that holds an extensive collection of ethnographies artifacts and relics, the Maritime Museum that exhibit Indonesia's seafaring traditions, including models of sea going vessels.
Task 1. Переведите с русского языка на английский.
Когда человек плохо себя чувствует, он либо лечится сам, либо обращается к врачу. Недавно мне пришлось вызывать по телефону скорую помощь своему соседу по квартире. Было ясно, что он серьезно заболел, и что-то у него не в порядке с животом. Последнее время его мучила бессонница, понос, озноб, щеки ввалились и пылали, он постоянно чувствовал тошноту и головокружение. Но самое главное, помимо всех этих симптомов у него был острая боль в правом боку. Мы решили померить температуру, она была высокой. Я дал ему слабительное, чтобы ее сбить, но ни слабительное, никакое другое лекарство не помогло.
В таком состоянии мой сосед не мог дойти до поликлиники, и хотя он отказывался вызвать врача, я все же вызвал скорую помощь.
Через несколько минут подъехала карета скорой помощи, и из нее вышел доктор. Войдя в квартиру, он вымыл руки и начал осматривать больного. От высокой температуры у моего соседа появилась даже одышка. Доктор пощупал пульс: он был частым, затем послушал легкие и сердце, попросил его глубоко подышать и измерил давление. У него был какой-то особый подход к больному, и мой сосед охотно рассказал ему о своих жалобах. По симптомам врач определил (поставил диагноз): приступ аппендицита. Больного необходимо было срочно госпитализировать, иначе могут быть осложнения. Врач попросил меня вместе с шофером отнести больного на носилках в машину. Больного доставили в госпиталь, сделали анализ крови и инъекцию, и уже через 20 минут его оперировал один из самых опытных хирургов больницы. Хирург провел операцию отлично. Через 5 дней мой сосед был уже дома, и 2 недели находился на больничном листе. Его также записали на прием к врачу через 2 дня.
Когда он пришел к врачу, около кабинета было много народа. И ему пришлось стоять в очереди, ведь теперь он был амбулаторный больной. Вообще, осенью очень много людей заболевают, часто начинается эпидемия гриппа. Люди постоянно кашляют, чихают, у них насморк, больное горло, головная боль и т. д., но они пытаются лечить себя сами, что очень опасно. Потому что такие же симптомы и даже легкое недомогание могут быть первыми признаками таких опасных и заразных заболеваний, как холера, дифтерия, скарлатина, тиф, пневмония. Тогда вы сляжете в постель с такой болезнью надолго и не скоро поправитесь. А если вы обратитесь к врачу, то он вам выпишет лекарство и вы их сделаете или купите в аптеке. Вы всегда должны следовать предписаниям врача.
Вообще, очень интересно побывать в поликлинике. У кабинета зубного врача сидят люди с отсутствующим взглядом, ничтожные, с острой болью в зубах. Ждут, когда их зуб запломбируют, а если это не поможет, сделают рентген и при необходимости удаляют его. У кабинетов районных терапевтов сидят старики и старушки, у которых болят суставы в плохую погоду, и им трудно сгибать ногу в колене, и другие, у которых слабеет зрение, болят, опухают и чешутся глаза.
Глядя на все это, хочется пожелать всем доброго здоровья, долгих лет жизни. Помните: “В
здоровом теле - здоровый дух.”
Task 1. Choose the best answer
1.The doctor gave the girl an injection to make her ...
A. sleep C. slept
B. sleeping D. to sleep
2. The patient agreed ... on.
A. on operating C. with having been operated
B. to being operated D. at his being operated
3. After ... on a flannel robe, she propped herself in bed with a hot water
bottle under her feet.
A. put B. have put C. putting D. having put
4. I was unable... from public school.
C. to graduate D. to have graduate
5. Her interests were narrow, she had no friends ... of.
A. speaking B. speak C. to speak D. being spoken
6.1 am rather handy at... plumbing.
A. fixing B. fix C. to fix D. being fixed
7.... ill is a reason for my keeping to bed.
A. I am B. being C. having been D. have been
8. She played the piano with a skill... brilliance.
C. having approached D. Approaching
9. She had a pretty voice, light and sweet and true, and I loved to listen to her…
A. having sung B. singing C. be sung D. being sung
10. When ... about a room it is always a good idea to ask at the beginning
whether laundry and the heating are included in the price.
A. inquire B. to inquire C. inquiring D. being inquired
11.1 didn't mind her ... me.
A. to flatter B. flattering C. flatter D. being flattered
12. He wiped his feet on the doormat before ... the room.
A. to enter B. entering C. having entered D. Enter
13. The lights were left wastefully ... all night.
A. burn B. have burn C. burning D. being burnt
14. He had reached the first landing when he heard a door above him ...
A. to open B. open C. have open D. to have open
15. After dinner Rosemary offered ... with the cleaning up.
A. helping B. to help C. having helped D. being helped
16. She enjoyed herself... in an evening gown.
A. to dress B. to be dressed C. to have dressed D. Dressing
17. He said something over the sound of... water as he started rinsing mugs.
A. run B. running C. being run D. having run
18. At last I succeeded ... finding the coffee mill.
A. at B. in C. of D. for
19. She watched him ... the cap on.
A. to put B. putting C. having put D. being put
20.1 don't know still, what made him... the job.
A. refusing B. to refuse C. to have refused D. refuse
A. to be B. be C. have been D. be being
A. should B. ought C. has D. was
A. must B. may C. should D. could
24. Wait a bit! The doctor ... be busy.
A. could B. should C. is to D. may
25. The actress must... in her room now.
A. make up B. be making up C. have made up D. have been making up
26. It must... hard work to keep up with the mending in our house, four
boys had to be kept in repair besides Father.
A. have been being B. be C. have been D. be being
27. She failed to get on a bus, it... be packed full.
A. must B. has to C. can D. should
28. We saw a crowd at the corner. There must... an accident there.
A. been B. have been C. have been being D. be being
29. The bed was not slept in, she must... return home yesterday.
A. have failed to B. not C. fail to D. to
30.... she have failed her exams?
A. should B. has to C. can D. is
31. What is she doing? - She must... up a shelf.
A. fix B. be fixing C. have fixed D. have been fixing
32. Look at this woman! She must... very beautiful when a girl.
A. be B. have been C. have been being D. being
33. My aunt... come tomorrow by the 7 o'clock train.
A. are to B. may C. could D. ought
34. The washing-machine has gone wrong. It... be fixed.
A. should B. has C. is D. ought
35. You are tactless, you ... for your unpardonable remark.
A. can apologize B. ought to apologize
C. must have apologized D. may be apologizing
36. Tomorrow we ... wax the floor.
A. could B. be to C. should D. must have
37. She ... have done it, she is very modest.
A. is to B. can't C. ought D. has to
38. There are pools on the road, it must... at night.
A. be raining B. have been raining C. rain D. not rain
39.1... be at the University in 15 minutes, the first class begins at 8.30.
A. might B. ought C. am to D. has to
Task 1. Give the English equivalents for:
кандидат, кандидатура, претендент, соискатель
будущий; ожидаемый; предполагаемый, предстоящий
Am. студент первого курса
Am. в американских колледжах и школах: третий, предпоследний (класс, курс - при 4-х годичном курсе), первый, второй (при 3-х годичном курсе), первый (при 2-х годичных курсах)
Am. ученик выпускного класса; студент последнего курса; старшеклассник; старшекурсник
неопытный, новичок (in)
декан (факультета); assistant dean – помощник декана
ректор (университетского колледжа или университета)
студенческое самоуправление, студенческий совет
летние курсы для студентов и всех желающих
продвижение по службе
Task 2. Answer thequestions
Say in a different way:
Give the synonyms:
Give the English equivalents for the following:
Task 3. Use the topical vocabulary in answering the following questions:
1. What are your favourite programmes? Refer to specific programmes to illustrate your preferences. 2. What qualities do you look for in a television programme? 3. What are the programmes that appeal to specific age groups? 4. What is the amount of weekend TV time devoted to sports programmes? Would you rather watch a favourite sport on TV or view it in person? Give your arguments/reasoning. 5. What^genres seem to dominate prime-time viewing? First check a week's TV schedule and make a list of all prime-time TV and break it into genres. 6. Should musical concerts and theatrical performances be broadcast on TV? 7. What are the challenges of video? 8. Do you think the emergence of music video clips present some problems to musicians? What problems? 9. What advantages, if any, does television have over radio? Will television oust radio in the future?
Task 4. Answer the following questions. Use the essential vocabulary:
1. What do you do if you don't want to meet a person? 2. When do you avoid somebody? 3. What do you usually avoid or try to avoid doing? 4. How do you think one can best avoid making spelling mistakes, grammar mistakes and mistakes in word usage? 5. How can one avert a controversy? 6. What do you say of a pain or a headache that is not at all serious? 7. How would you feel if your hostess paid too little attention to you? 8. What do you call a very strong feeling of repulsion caused by a bad smell? 9. What do you call an exaggerated opinion of oneself? 10. Why doesn't anybody like people who are full of conceit? 11. What do you call very bright light? 12. When does one glare at somebody? 13. What do you call a mistake that is quite obvious? 14. What do you call one who spends money carelessly?
Task 5. Choose one of the following topics and prepare to give your views on it for 1 1/2 to 2 minutes. (The students are allowed 15 minutes to prepare this beforehand):
1. Husbands and wives who both work should share domestic chores. 2. The problems of having a granny in the family. 3. Courses on marriage and family matters in secondary school might be helpful in preserving the family. 4. Home life feels the stress of social life. 5. Divorce is morally wrong and marriage should be preserved at all costs. 6. Marriages at later ages are more stable. 7. Love begins at home.
Task 1. Read the extract from the text, disclose the contents of the story and give its lexico-stylistic analysis
by Oscar Wilde
High above the city, on a tall column, stood the statue of the Happy Prince. He was covered with thin leaves of fine gold1, for eyes he had two bright sapphires, and a large red ruby shone brightly on his sword-hilt.
He was very much admired indeed. "He is as beautiful as a weathercock," said one of the Town Councillors, who wished to gain a reputation for having artistic tastes. "Only not quite so useful," he added because he was afraid that people may think him unpractical, which he really was not.
"Why can't you be like the Happy Prince?" asked a sensible mother of her little boy who was crying for the moon. "The Happy Prince never dreams of crying for anything.1'
"I am glad there is someone in the world who is quite happy," said a disappointed man as he looked at the wonderful statue.
"He looks just like an angel," said the Charity Children2 as they came out of the cathedral.
"How do you know?" said the Mathematical Master. "You have never seen one."
"Ah! But we have, in our dreams," answered the children; and the Mathematical Master frowned and looked at them angrily, because he did not approve of children dreaming.
One night there flew over the city a little Swallow. His friends went away to Egypt six weeks before. But he stayed behind, because ho was in love with the most beautiful Reed. He saw her early in the spring as he was flying down the river after a big yellow moth. He was so attracted by her slender waist that he stopped to talk to herv
"Shall I love you?" asked the Swallow, who liked to come to the point at once, and the Reed made him a low bow. So he flew round and round her, touching the water with his wings. This was his courtship, and it lasted all through the summer.
"It is a ridiculous attachment," twittered the other Swallows, "she has no money and far too many relations;" and, indeed, the river was quite full of Reeds. Then, when the autumn came, they all flew away.
After they had gone, the Swallow felt lonely and began to think of his lady-love. "She has no conversation," he said, "and I am afraid that she is a coquette, for she is always flirting with the wind." And certainly, whenever the wind blew, the Reed made the most graceful curtseys. "I admit that she is domestic," he continued, "but I love travelling, and my wife should also love travelling."
"Will you come away with me?" he said finally to her, but the Reed shook her head, she was so attached to her home.
"You have been trifling with me," he cried. "I am off to the Pyramids.3 Good-bye!" and he flew away.
All day long he flew, and at night-time he arrived at the city. "Where shall I stay?" he thought. "I hope the town has made preparations."
Then he saw the statue on the tall column.
"I will stay there," he cried, "it is a fine position, with plenty of fresh air." So he settled just between the feet of the Happy Prince.
"I have a golden bedroom," he said softly to himself as he looked round, and he prepared to go to sleep. But just as he was putting his head under his wing, a large drop of water fell on him, "What a curious thing!" he cried. "There is not a single cloud in the sky, the stars are quite clear and bright, and yet it is raining. The climate in the north of Europe is really dreadful. The Reed used to like the rain, but there was only her selfishness."
Then another drop fell.