ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ
Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение
высшего профессионального образования
«ЮЖНЫЙ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»
по практике устной и письменной речи английского языка
(специальность – романо-германская филология)
Методические указания разработаны кандидатом филологических наук, доцентом кафедры английской филологии Т.А. Шкуратовой.
Ответственный редактор проф., доктор филол. наук Николаев С.Г
Рецензент: доц., канд. пед. наук Колесина К.Ю.
Компьютерный набор и верстка доц., канд. филол. наук Шкуратовой Т.А.
Печатается в соответствии с решением кафедры английской филологии факультета филологии и журналистики ЮФУ, протокол № 10 от 31 мая 2007 г.
Данные методические указания к курсу «Практика устной/письменной речи английского языка» по теме «В гостинице. Службы быта» предназначены для студентов 3 курса отделения романо-германской филологии факультета филологии и журналистики.
Методические указания состоят из двух тематических разделов, в каждый из которых включены тексты, диалоги, упражнения и задания разной языковой трудности. Это дает возможность преподавателю использовать материал выборочно в зависимости от индивидуальных особенностей аудитории и степени подготовленности студентов.
Основная цель методических указаний -- расширение словарного запаса студентов, отработка и дальнейшее совершенствование навыков чтения и диалогической речи. Спецификой данной тематики определен характер и содержание текстов для аналитического, изучающего и ознакомительного чтения, а также подбор иллюстративных диалогов. В заданиях акцент делается на умение студентов применить изучаемую лексику в ситуативных высказываниях, а также на стимулирование устной связной, логически упорядоченной речи.
Предлагаемые для работы тексты, диалоги и упражнения являются источником страноведческих знаний, и их изучение нацелено на расширение кругозора студентов.
Make arrangements about a room
to reserve a room
room with private bath
hotel/ bridal/ luxury suite
standard room (Std)
have something free
fill in an arrival card/form
extend a stay
charge an extra percent
fill in a breakfast order
to sign a bill
an order for laundry
to make a telephone call
to dial a number
to book a call
put somebody through
a garden view (GV)
a mountain view (MV)
with a sea view (SV)
run of the house
additional beds or cots can be provided
to be newly furnished
to be decorated in contemporary style
ample wardrobe space
check in/ out
a key-coded card
escalator parking lot
room delivery system
I’m afraid we’re full at the moment.
Do you know who is the manager of the Europe Hotel?
I recommend you to stay at the Consul Hotel.
When the young couple started on a trip they took eight suitcases along with them.
They are going to build a 20-storey hotel in that street.
This hotel accommodates two thousand guests.
A laundry and dry-cleaning service is available.
2 Practise the dialogue.
В.: Good morning. I'd like to check in.
Reception Clerk.: Do you have a reservation with us?
В.: Yes, I do. I made a reservation by phone last night.
R.C.: Your name, please?
В.: Brian Mitchell from San Francisco.
R.C.: Would you spell your name, please?
В.: M as in "Marry", I as in "Isaak", Т as in "Tommy", С as in "Charley", H as in "Harry", E as in "Edward", double L as in "Lucy".
^ Okay. Let me see. You have a reservation for single room. Is that correct?
В.: Perfectly correct.
R.C.: Have you already decided how many nights to stay?
В.: At last until Wednesday. But I may stay longer than that. When should I inform you about it?
^ Let us know about your decision Tuesday night. You can give us a call until 11 pm.
В.: All right. What's the room rate?
R.C.: 75 dollars per night. Please, fill out the registration card. Print your name and home address.
В.: Should I sign my name?
R.C.: Put your signature right here. Okay, will you pay cash or by credit card?
В.: By credit card. Do you need it right now?
R.C.: You can give me your credit card before cheking out.
В.: By the way, what's the checking out time?
R.C.: One o'clock in the afternoon.
В.: Thank you. I have some additional questions.
R.C.: I'll be glad to answer them.
В.: What about room service?
R.C.: Room service is available from 6 am to 10 pm. You can dial your order from the telephone in your room.
В.: Where is your restaurant?
R.C.: The restaurant is on the 1st floor. We also have a coffee shop. It's right here in the lobby.
В.: Thank you for the information.
R.C.: You are welcome. A bellboy will help you with your luggage. Your room is number 1215. Enjoy your stay.
3 Read the following text. Remember the following rules and regulations.
When travelling people almost always stay at hotels. It is advisable, therefore, to remember the following:
4 Discuss the following rules of staying in the hotel.
The hotel is assigned for the temporary stay of the guests during the period which is arranged with the administration of the hotel.
The Kingsley Hotel
Bloomsbury Way, London WCIA 2SD Telephone: 071-242 5881 Telex: 21157 Fax: 071-831 0225
(Rooms should be vacated by noon on the day of departure)
PLEASE SHOW THIS CARD EACH TIME YOU COLLECT YOUR KEY AND WHEN TAKING BREAKFAST.
5 Make up short stories or dialogues using these statements.
6 Agree or disagree with the following statements. Give your reasons.
7 Fill in the missing phrases.
Clerk: Good afternoon. Watermill Inn. May I help you?
Y.: Hi, I'd like some information about the inn.
C. Of course. We're located in the town of Rhinebeck, just a two-hour drive from the city.
Y.: What kind of accommodation do you have?
^ .: For a very special vacation we have a large honeymoon ...
Y.: Well, I ...
C.: Or if you prefer, you can reserve a smaller
Y.: That's probably ...
C.: Or a double room with a fireplace and a balcony.
Y.: I really think ...
C.: And ... of the Hudson River from the balcony is absolutely gorgeous!
^ I don't really...
C.: Enjoy beautiful views? Well, the town of Rhinebeck is the perfect place to take an afternoon walk.
Y.: I'd like to ...
C.: And of course, after all that walking, you'll want to relax and have a delicious dinner in our romantic dining room.
^ Well, I don't know, I may be ...
C.: ... too tired to come to the dining room? Don't worry. Our friendly ... is always ready to bring delicious meals to your room.
Y.: Oh, how nice!
C.: Nice? Our ..., Mrs. Montefiore is the nicest person you'll ever meet. She's been making the Watermill Inn a comfortable place for guests for over 20 years.
Y.: What time is ...
C.: Check in? Well you can ... anytime after 1 pm and ... any time before 12 noon. Now, when would you like your ... and what type of room would you like?
^ I'm not quite sure ...
C.: You can be sure that the Watermill Inn is the finest small hotel in all of New York state.
Y.: New York? I thought I called Florida.
8 Work with your partner. Discuss or dramatize the situational dialogues.
9 Retell the text.
We took a cab from Union Station to the Ramada Inn. The hotel was within walking distance from the station but Bruce had a very heavy suitcase. The cab had no meter. The cabbie said that fares were determined by taxi fare zones. Bruce later explained that Washington was the exception, not the rule. In most cities, he said, cabs had meters.
At the hotel we checked in without any problems. The desk clerk confirmed my reservation for a double room. We filled out registration forms and got our key. The bellman took Bruce's suitcase up. I wondered how much I should pay him. Bruce said, a one-dollar tip would be OK.
Our room was not a room but a suite. In fact, it was a whole apartment with a kitchenette, a refrigerator and even a bar. On my bedside table I found a Bible. Bruce said, there was one in every hotel room. Can you imagine that?
10 Translate the following sentences into English.
11 Translate the following into English.
12 Topics for discussion.
1 Say what things you expect to find in a room in a good hotel. In what ways may a more expensive room differ from a less expensive one?
13 Read and discuss the texts.
By Arthur Hailey
а) Hotels of the Past
"Let me get that straight," Christine said. "Are you saying that a hotel isn't responsible legally for anything its guests may do — even to other guests?"
"The law's quite clear on that and has been for a long time. A lot of our law, in fact, goes back to the English inns, beginning with the fourteenth century."
"I'll give you the shortest version. It starts when the English inns had one great hall, warmed and lighted by a fire, and everyone slept there. While they slept it was the landlord's business to protect his guests from thieves and murderers."
"That sounds reasonable." "It was. And the same thing was expected of the landlord when smaller chambers began to be used, because even these were always shared — or could be by strangers."
"When you think about it," Christine mused, "it wasn't much of an age for privacy."
"That came later when there were individual rooms, and guests had keys. After that the law looked at things differently. The innkeeper was obliged to protect his guests from being broken in upon. But beyond this he had no responsibility, either for what happened to them in their rooms or what they did."
"So the key made the difference."
"It still does," Peter said. "On that the law hasn't changed. When we give a guest a key it's a legal symbol, just as it was in an English inn. It means the hotel can no longer use the room, or quarter anyone else there."
b) Hotels of the Future
"It's more a projection of what hotels are going to be like a few years ahead.
The first thing we'll have simplified is Reception, where checking in will take a few seconds at the most. The majority of our people will arrive directly from air terminals by helicopter, so a main reception point will be a private roof heliport. Secondarily there'll be lower-floor receiving points where cars and limousines can drive directly in eliminating transfer to a lobby, the way we do it now.
Guests with reservations will have been sent a key-coded card. They'll insert it in a frame and immediately be on their way by individual escalator section to a room which may have been cleared-for use only seconds earlier. If a room isn't ready — and it'll happen, just as it does now — we'll have small portable way stations. These will be cubicles with a couple of chairs, wash basin and space for luggage, just enough to freshen up after a journey and give some privacy right away. People can come and go, as they do with a regular room, and my engineers are working on a scheme for making the way stations mobile so that later they can latch on directly to the allocated space.
For those driving their own cars there'll be parallel arrangements, with coded, moving lights to guide them into personal parking stalls, from where other individual escalators will take them directly to their rooms. In all cases we'll curtail baggage handling, using high-speed sorters and conveyors, and baggage will be rooted into rooms, actually arriving ahead of the guests.
Similarly, all other services will have automated room delivery systems — valet, beverages, food, florist, drugstore, newsstand; even the final bill can be received and paid by room conveyor. And incidentally, apart from other benefits, I'll have broken the tipping system, a tyranny we've suffered — along with our guests — for years too long. ...
My building design and automation will keep to a minimum the need for any guest room to be entered by a hotel employee. Beds, recessing into walls, are to be serviced by machine from outside.
All this, and more, can be accomplished now. Our remaining problems, which naturally will be solved, are principally of co-ordination, construction, and investment."
13.1 Answer the questions.
13.2 Speak about old Russian inns as they are described by Russian writers.
c) History of Hotels in London
Before the 19th century there were few if any large hotels in London. British country landowners often lived in London for part of the year, but they usually rented a house if they did not own one, rather than staying in a hotel. The numbers of business visitors and foreign visitors were very small by modern standards. The accommodation available to them included lodging houses and coaching inns. Lodging houses were more like private homes with rooms to let than commercial hotels, and were often run by widows. Coaching inns served passengers from the stage coaches which were the main means of long distance passenger transport before the railway network began to develop in the 1830s. The last surviving galleried coaching inn in London is the George Inn which now belongs to the National Trust.
A few hotels on a more modern model existed by the early 19th century. For example Mivart's, the precursor of Claridge's, opened its doors in 1812, but up to the mid 19th century London hotels were generally small. In his travel book North America (1862) the novelist Anthony Trollope remarked on how much larger American hotels were than British ones. But by this time the railways had already begun to bring far more short term visitors to London, and the railway companies themselves took the lead in accommodating them by building a series of "railway hotels" near to their London termini. These buildings were seen as status symbols by the railway companies, which were the largest businesses in the country at the time, and some of them were very grand. They included: The Midland Grand Hotel at St. Pancras (closed 1935; due to reopen in modified form in 2007), The Great Western Hotel at Paddington (now the Hilton London Paddington), The Great Northern Hotel at Kings Cross (currently closed for the Channel Tunnel Rail Link works), The Great Eastern Hotel at Liverpool Street (still open under its original name), The Charing Cross Hotel at Charing Cross station (now the Thistle Charing Cross), The Great Central Hotel at Marylebone (now The Landmark Hotel)
Many other large hotels were built in London in the Victorian period. The Langham Hotel was the largest in the city when it opened in 1865, and was also the first building in England with hydraulic lifts. The Savoy, which opened in 1889, was the first London hotel with ensuite bathrooms to every room. Nine years later Claridge's was rebuilt in its current form. The most famous London hotel of all, the Ritz, opened in 1908.
The upper end of the London hotel business continued to flourish between the two World Wars, boosted by the fact that many landowning families could no longer afford to maintain a London house and therefore began to stay at hotels instead, and by an increasing number of foreign visitors, especially Americans. Famous hotels which opened their doors in this era include the Grosvenor House Hotel and the Dorchester.
The rate of hotel construction in London was fairly low in the quarter century after World War II and the famous old names retained their dominance of the top end of the market. The most notable hotel of this era was probably The London Hilton on Park Lane, a controversial concrete tower overlooking Hyde Park. Advances in air travel increased the number of overseas visitors to London from 1.6 million in 1963 to 6 million in 1974. In order to provide hotels to meet the extra demand a Hotel Development Incentive Scheme was introduced and a building boom ensued. This led to overcapacity in the London hotel market from the late 1970s to the mid 1980s. Construction then picked up again, but it was soon curtailed by the recession of the early 1990s and the reduction in international travel caused by the 1991 Gulf War.
In the mid 1990s there was a major acceleration in the number of new hotels being opened, including hotels of many different types from country house style hotels in Victorian houses to ultra trendy minimalist hang outs. At this time some of London's grandest early 20th century office buildings were converted into hotels because their layouts, with long corridors and numerous separate offices, were incompatible with the preference for open plan working, but their listed status made it hard to get permission to demolish them. This period also saw the opening of the first five star hotel in London south of the River Thames, the Marriott County Hall Hotel, and the first two in East London, the Four Seasons Canary Wharf and the Marriott West India Quay, which is also close to the Canary Wharf development. Surprisingly for many years there were no hotels at all in the City of London even though the financial firms of the City were one of the London hotel sector's most lucrative sources of custom, but in recent years over a thousand hotel rooms have opened in the City, and many more are planned. Budget hotel chains such as Travel Inn and Travelodge have also been expanding rapidly in London since the mid 1990s.
1 Topical vocabulary.
indespensable in the household
to save a lot of time and labour
the latest model
a moderate/ reasonable price
light in weight
a dishwashing machine
a washing machine
a sewing machine
a vacuum cleaner
a refrigerator/ fridge
an electric floor polisher
a blender/ mixer
a coffee-grinding machine/ coffee-grinder
an electric waffle-maker
a portable electric baking stove
a microwave oven
all purpose electric kitchen appliance
electric lights go out
to change the bulbs
to mend the fuses
multiple service establishment
to fall behind with orders
minor services are done while you wait
minor alterations and repairs
to put on patches
tomend rips and tears
to rip the seams of a garment
to press creased clothing
to sew (sewed, sewn) a button on
to fray (to shred) at the cuffs
to take in/ to let out at the seams
to be a poor cut/ fit
to wrinkle at the waist
to be baggy at the knees
to de tight in the shoulders
to darn socks
to shrink (shrank, shrunk)
to develop and print snapshots
to keep perfect time
to be 5 minutes fast/ slow
at the hairdresser’s/ at the barber’s
a haircut/ clipping
to have one’s hair clipped/ to crop close
hair styler straightener
to have one’s beard/ moustache trimmed
to cut/ pare/ trim one’s nails
to do/ manicure one’s nails
to file one’s nails
to have one’s toenails cut
to have the skin on one’s feet softened
to trim one’s hair at the back and sides
close shave/ clean-shaven
a close/ narrow shave
a safety/ straight razor
at the shoemaker’s
to be worn down
to want repairing
to heel a pair of shoes
2 Study the table.
3 Read the dialogue.
(John and Mary Brown; Helen - Mary's friend)
Helen: How do you manage to do all the work by yourself, Mary, with a family of four?
Mary: Well, the housework keeps me, busy, you know. As soon as one job is finished there is another waiting to be done. The children are too small to help.
John: Don't forget to say that I do my share. I'm always willing to lend a hand.
Helen: Oh, John, I haven't seen you doing much housework.
John: Oh, haven't you? Who helps with the washing up? Who mends anything that gets broken? And when the electric lights go out who changes the bulbs or mends the fuses? I think I do my share.
Mary: Yes, he's very useful, Helen. Besides, he helps with the children.
John: And I must admit that housekeeping is much easier than it used to be. Times have changed. Now we don’t think what a blessing electricity is. We soon become accustomed to new things and take them for granted. Nobody thinks of electricity as a luxury now. Yesterday’s luxury is today's necessity.
Mary: I don't know what I should do without my vacuum cleaner, washing machine or refrigerator, to say notning of television and the telephone.
Helen: Will you show me yor TV set, John?
John: It’s a new model. With a very stylish silvery body and a liquid-crystal color 800x600 dot resolution TFT screen. The resolution is not large but we like its design; and Mary says it siuts our interior and it’s wall mountable.
Mаrу: That's true. We have no reason to regret. And now let me show you my new washing machine. We’ve purchased it in credit. And I like it so much!
Helen: Is it so special?
Mary: Yes! First of all it uses less energy than most other machines of its class. Then you know how much I loathe ironing. So, the innovative steam programme continuously sprays steam and gently rotates the drum to effectively remove creases and odours from the fabric between washes.
Helen: And what is the capacity?
Mary: This machine has a large 8kg capacity drum to allow you to wash bigger loads and bulkier items at one go.
Jonh: 9 different washing programmes, and for me it’s just press a couple of buttons and Bob’s your uncle!
Mary: But still... It’s a pity that no one has invented an ironing machine yet.
4 Practise the dialogue with your partner.
A.: I’m afraid I’ve got a complaint to make about my washing machine.
B.: I’m sorry to hear it. What’s the matter with it, exactly?
A.: Well, when I turned it on yesterday, there was a blue flash and then it just stopped. So I haven’t been able to finish the wash.
B.: I see. And is it still under warranty?
A.: Yes, we bought it about two months ago.
5 Make up more dialogues using the following clues.
a) Complaint about a refrigerator: Nature of complaint: sudden peculiar noise, motor cut out, had to cook and eat all the frozen food. When bought: three months ago.
c) Complaint about a television set. Nature of complaint: making strange buzzing sound for two days, smell of burning last night, had to switch off — family missed favourite show of the week. When bought: ten days ago.
6 Read the dialogues.
At the Hairdresser’s
Mary: Darling, I hope you haven't forgotten about the party we were imrited to last week?
Jоhn : Certainly not, my dear. I was just going to remind you of it.
Marу: Yen needn’t remind me of such things, John. But you can't expect me to goat to the party looking like that.
^ What's wrong about your appearance? I think you look quite nice.
Mary: That is man all over! He calls it nice with my hair hanging in strands and my fingers that need a manicure.
John: I dare say you are right, Mary. As to me, I need a shave badly. Look here! There is nothing to worry about. We have plenty of time yet before the party.
(No sooner said than done. Mary goes to a hairdresser's.)
Hairdresser: Good afternoon, madam. Would you sit here, please. What would you like?
^ I want my hair shampooed and set.
Hairdresser: Very well, madam. Could I help you to put on this cape?
Mаrу: Shall I lean over?
Hairdresser: Yes, please. Would you like a colour rinse or tinting?
Marу: No, thank you. Dyed hair is not very much in yogue now. My hair is naturally auburn. So, after washing it’ll look fine.
Hairdresser: All right. Now I'll just dry your hair and set it. Do you prefer this latest style?
Marу: Oh, no. It may be beautiful but the trouble is there are so many women going about with this hair style. They look so much alike that one can't tell them apart.
Hairdresser: Well, would you like to have it done in a knot at the back? I'm sure it'll look nice on you, madam.
^ I am not sure, but, good, I rely on you.
(Meanwhile John is having a talk with a barber.)
Barber: Good afternoon, sir. What can I do for you?
John:I want a shave and a haircut.
Barber: Yes, sir.
John: Be careful, my skin is very tender.
Barber: Don’t worry, sir. It happened only once that I cut a customer. He jerked his head and I cut his cheek. But I soon stopped the bleeding. Would you like a hot towel massage?
^ Yes, please. I want to have my moustache and beard trimmed.
Barber: Very good, sir. Now, for the haircut. How short would you like it?
John: Not too close. Don't take too much off on the top.
Barber: I see. Your hair is getting rather thin.
John: Yes. Soon I'll have a splendid bald patch on my top. Just think ot it, once I used to have a mop of hair really: How time flies!
^ May I advise you to change your parting? Would you like it on the right side, sir?
(An hour later John and Mary meet at home.)
John: Oh, Mary, you are a regular beauty with this new hairdo. It's awfully becoming to you!
Mary: It is, isn't it? Aren't you a darling too? Looking so young and prosperous. I'm sure all the girls at the party will fall in love witn you at first sight.
William: My suit is terribly worn; the cuffs are frayed and the seat of the trousers is shiny; in fact, it’s just about treadbare in parts.
Charles: Yes, I noticed you were .getting rather shabby. I could do with a suit myself, too. You know, I can never find anything suitable in the stores. Perhaps, my figure is not standard and the size is never regular. If you like we can call in at the tailor's this afternoon?
William: Right! I'm on.
(At the tailor's)
^ Good afternoon, gentlemen, are you being attended to?
William: No, I just want to look at patterns of cloth, I'm wanting a new suit — a tweed, I think; rather heavy, it's for sports wear.
Tailor: Certainly, sir; we have some very good new tweed suitings in brown and grey.
Wi11iam: I had thought of brown.
Tailor: Very good, sir. Will you just look through this book of patterns?
Charles: I am in a hurry for my suit — I'm going away tomorrow. Have you good ready-made suits?
Tailor: Yes, sir, we have a fine range in ready-to-wear clothes; we can guarantee_ you a good fit. If you will kindly go into the nexy department with this assistant he will show you our stock.
William: This pattern seems about right, but you never can tell what this big check pattern looks like when it is made up. Have you the piece in stock?
Tailor: Yes, we have a roll of that cloth here; I'll just get it down and you can see it.
William: Yes, I like that; will it wear well?
Tailor: You will get three or four years of good hard wear out of that.
William: Very well, you can make me a suit of that cloth.
^ Will you just step into the fitting-room and the fitter will measure you?
* * *
Tailor: Now what style do you want, single-breasted or double-breasted?
William: I think double-breasted seems more fashionable at present.
Tailor: Double-breasted; very good, sir. Three buttons on the coat, outside breast pocket, and two side pockets, and inside breast pocket, I suppose?
William: Yes, and a hip pocket in the trousers, and a small buttoned pocket in front for money.
Таilor: Now about the trousers, do you like them wide?
William: Not too wide, just what is being worn at present.
Tailor:Permanent turn-ups, I suppose.
William: Oh, yes! They are usual, aren't they? Now, when can I come to be tried on?
Tailor: Let me see; today is Thursday - shall we say next Monday?
William: Very well, that will suit me all right.
William: Hi! Did you get fixed up with you suit?
Charles: Yes, they have a very good stock here. I got a suit thet might been made for me – it fits perfectly. They are sending it to me this afternoon, and I’ll wear it when I travel tomorrow. When is your fitting?
William : Monday! You are lucky, getting out of it, but ready-made suits won't fit my figure at all.
* * *
William:I have called to be fitted on for my suit.
Tailor: Oh, yes! Will you come this way, please, and I'll send for the fitter and the cutter? Here is your suit; will you try on the coat and waistcoat! How does that feel?
William: Yes, it's not bad. I think this sleeve is rather on the short side — could you lengthen it?
^ Yes, it is a bit short; I’ll make it half an inch longer.
William: The coat's tight under the armpits.
Tailor: Yes. I'll let it out a little there and take it in at the waist, it is rather too full there. Apart from that, I think it is very good.
William: Does it sit well on the shoulders? I am always difficult to fit there.
^ Yes, it sits quite snugly there. This is the lining we are putting in; do you like it?
William: Yes, I think that will look very well; when will you have finished?
Tailor: Can you call next Friday for a final fitting? It will be finished then, but we can see if any further alterations are needed.
William: Very good. Have a nice day then. And see you on Friday.
^ Have a nice day too, sir, and thank you.
6.1 Answer the questions.
1 Why do William and Charles call in at the tailor's one afternoon? 2 What pattern does William choose for his suit? 3 What style does he want? 4 Why doesn't Charles have a suit made-to-measure? 5 William can't wear ready-to-wear clothes, can he? Why not? 6 When is William to come for the first fitting? 7 What alterations must be made? 8 Why is a final fitting necessary?
^ Make up a short dialogue between:
(a) a tailor and a customer who is choosing a pattern of cloth for his suit;
(b) a dressmaker and a customer who has come for the first fitting.
6.3 Points for discussion.
1 Give an imaginary account of how you decided to have an evening dress (trouser-suit, coat) made to measure.
2 Some people say that fashionable clothes are often unpractical. Do you agree with them? Prove your point.
3 Which do you prefer: ready-to-wear clothes or clothes made to measure. Why?
7 Fill in the blanks with the proper words. There is one odd word here. Use each word only once.
●arranging ●bleaching ●combs ●complex ●creating ●curly ●drying ●dyed ●hair●occupation ●present ●simple ●variety ●vogue ●wave ●wigs
Hairdressing is the custom of cutting and (1) ... the hair, practised by men and women from ancient times to the (2) ... Early records indicate that the ancient Assyrians wore elaborate (3) ... hair styles; by contrast, the ancient Egyptians, men and women alike, shaved their heads and wore (4) ... Whether ornate or (5) ..., hairdressing has been employed by nearly every society. In 400 BC some Greek women (6) ... their hair; in the Roman period dying and (7) ... were common. Japanese women used lacquer (a precursor of modern-day (8) ... spray) to secure their elaborate coiffures. The wig has come in and gone out of (9) ... throughout history.
Beginning with the crude curling iron used by women of ancient Rome in (10) ... their elaborate hair styles, hairdressing came to be associated with a (11) ... of technological accoutrements, ranging from simple (12) ... and hairpins to hold the hair in place to complex electrical appliances for (13) ... and grooming the hair and chemical processes to tint, (14) ..., curl, straighten, and condition the hair. By the 20th century, hairdressing itself and the manufacture of materials and equipment had become an (15) ... and practical art of large proportions.
●among ●brand ●defining ●depressed● described ●designer ●emphasis ●expensive ●first ●graduating ●native●stylish ●took ●triumph ●wear ●win
Calvin Klein is an American fashion (1) ... noted for his womenswear, menswear, cosmetics, bed and bath linens, and other designer collections.
Klein studied at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York City and, after (2) ... in 1962, went to work as an apprentice designer for a coat-and-suit manufacturer in the New York garment district. In 1968, when he opened his own company, the fashion industry was in a (3) ... period, with casual hippie-style clothing and the miniskirt (4) ... the range of fashions. The direction Kleim (5) ... ; was to provide simple, understated clothing. Though noted at (6) ... for suits and coats, he gradually placed more (7) ... on sportswear, particularly interchangeable separates.
He was the first designer to (8) ... three consecutive Coty Awards for womenswear (1973-75) and was the youngest designer of ready-to-wear clothes ever elected to the Coty Hall of Fame (1975). Klein (9) ... his design philosophy as the making of "simple, comfortable but (10) ... clothes - but with nothing oveiscale or extreme". His clothes were relatively (11) ..., classic, elegant, and easy to (12) ..., and they struck a responsive chord (13) ... buyers in the United States and other countries. His achievements were said to represent not only the (14) ... of his particular (15) ... of classical styling but also the maturation of the American fashion industry.
8 Practise the following dialogues.
1 - I would like to have these shoes repaired. As you see my heels are worn down.
- Yes, new heels are to be put on.
- Will you repair the shoes while I wait?
- I'm very busy now. You can pick up your shoes tomorrow.
- At what time?
- Any time.
- How much will it cost?
- $6. What's your name, please?
- All right. Here's your sales slip. You'll pay tomorrow when getting the shoes.
- Thank you.
2 - Do you do alternations?
- Yes, we do.
- I'd like to have these pants shortened.
- All right. How many inches?
- Not more than two.
- Would you try the pants on? I'd like to see them on you. Our fitting room is to the left.
- Okay. Just a minute.
- When can I pick up my pants?
- They will be ready on Monday.
3 - Good morning. May I help you?
- Yes. I'd like to have this film developed and printed.
- Okay. Anything else?
- Please, give rne two films for this camera.
- Here you are. 4 dollars and 35 cents.
- When will my pictures be ready?
- It will take us five days. Here's your receipt.
9 Learn the following dialogue.
Jane: We ought to go to the cleaner's first.
Sheila: No, we ought to go to the launderette first, oughtn't we? It's nearer. We don't want to waste time.
J.: Yes, you are right but it's usually very crowded, isn't it?
^ Yes, but there must be at least 2 empty machines. Here's the launderette.
J.: The machines that are next to the dryer are empty, aren't they?
S.: No, those are full. These two are empty. Now remember. You mustn't use too much soap and you mustn't put bleach in with the coloured clothes.
J.: Yes, I know. You sound the same as Mum.
^ Sorry. I think I ought to go to the cleaner's now. We haven't got much time.
J.: Yes, you are right. We oughtn't to waste time.
S.: Is it possible to have this dress cleaned by this afternoon?
Lady: Yes, madam.
S.: Is it possible to have my suit done, too? There are a few spots on the jacket.
L.: No, we can't do the suit by this afternoon. Can you collect it tomorrow morning?
^ Yes, I can.
10 Explain in English the meaning of the following words.
Express shoe-repairer's, a camera, the barber, shaving lotion, permanent wave, a self-service laundry, to take one's measurements, a floor polisher, a spray, a rental office, a good offices bureau.
11 What will you do if:
12 Read the following text and choose the correct alternatives.
George Eastman, a Rochester bank clerk, became (1) interested/ interesting in photography in the late 1870s. He spent three years developing a dry-plate process for photography, an enormous (2) enlargement/ improvement over the messy, unwieldy wet-plate method used (3) in/ at the time. After obtaining patents for the process and for a machine to (4) produce/ use large numbers of the plates, he formed the Eastman Dry Plate Company in 1881. Three years later, Eastman (5) introducted/ introduced a new film system using paper coated with gelatin and wound on a roll. With roll holders (6) adopted/ adaptable to most existing plate cameras, the system was an immediate success. In 1884 the company (7) changed/ exchanged its name to Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company.
In 1888 the company (8) discharged/ launched the first easily portable camera, priced at $25 and holding enough rolled film for 100 exposures. To (9) develop/ design the film; owners sent the entire camera to Rochester, where the film was processed and new film inserted in the camera. Eastman called it the Kodak camera, (10) inventing/ discovering the name by trying combinations of letters starting and ending with K, which he considered "a strong, incisive sort of letter". The company advertised the camera with the slogan "You (11) push/ pull the button, we do the rest." With its small size and (12) ease/ easy of use, the Kodak camera introduced a revolution in photography, helping to open the hobby to masses of (13) amateur/ professional photographers.
13 Read the following anecdote and reproduce it in the form of a dialogue.
I took my coat to the cleaner's. A pretty shop assistant with a charming smile said:
The smile did not leave her face. When I returned her smile was even more radiant.
- There's a red wine stain. We can't take it with this.
I removed the stain at home with the help of my neighbour and some boiling water.
At the cleaner's the smile beamed as before.
- Is this a grease stain? Sun-flower oil? Butter? Name the type of fat that has be removed.
I returned home once again, but I was unable to establish what kind of fat it was. I simply removed the stain with petrol.
This time it seemed to me that she was smiling even more pleasantly.
The shop-assistant continued to smile. It was necessary to make another journey. At home I washed the coat with the help of the same neighbour.
- Not everything is all right, - the shop-assistant smiled at me for the last time. - But why are you giving me a perfectly clean coat?
My neighbour sewed on the buttons for me.
14 Use the words from the list to complete the following text.
So great is our 1) ... for doing things for ourselves, that we ar becoming increasingly less dependent on 2) ... labour. No one can plead ignorance of a subject any longer, for there are 3) ... do-it-yourself publications. 4) ... the right tools and materials, newly-weds gaily 5) ... the task of decorating their own homes. Men of all ages spend hours of their leisure time 6) ... their own fireplaces, 7) ... their own gardens; building garages and 8) ... furniture. Some really 9) ... enthusiasts go so far as to build their own record players and radio transmitters. Shops 10) ... the do-it-yourself craze not only by running special advisory services for 11) ..., but by offering consumers bits and pieces which they can 12) ... at home.
Wives tend to believe that their husbands are infinitely resourceful and 13) .... Even husbands who can hardly 14) ... a nail in straight are supposed to be born electricians, carpenters, plumbers and mechanics. When lights 15) ..., furniture 16) ..., pipes get 17) ..., or vacuum cleaners fail to operate, wives automatically assume that their husbands will somehow put things 18) .... The worst thing about the do-it-yourself 19) ... is that sometimes husbands live under the 20) ... that they can do anything even when they have been repeatedly proved wrong. It is a question of pride as much as anything else.
^ .1 Answer the questions.
1 Why are we less dependent on specialized labour nowadays? 2 Why can no one plead ignorance of a subject any longer? 3 What things can people do for themselves armed with the right tools and materials? 4 How do shops cater for the do-it-yourself craze? 5 What do wives tend to believe about their husbands? 6 What is the worst thing about the do-it-yourself game?
14.2 Prove that do-it-yourself publications are really of great help.
15 Read and discuss the text.
Sometimes when we switch on our automatic washing machine or vacuum cleaner we think of the days when all the household chores took hours and hours to do.
Much preparatory work had been done on the washday, for example, as there was no mains water and no gas heater.
When I think of the washdays of my grandmother’s childhood in the 1920's, I see long lines of white-starched clothes, bright gingham and baby clothes, flapping in the breeze on lines stretched between the apple trees; and rows of towels, tea towels and other small articles lying on the green grass to bleach in the summer sunshine. The rain water was collected from the roof of our farmhouse into a tall barrel and transferred to the washing boiler. This was often a Saturday afternoon task for my father as it needed someone tall and strong to bucket the water from one to the other.
On Mondays at 7.30 a.m. the fire got going under the boiler and in about half an hour the washing began.
The new electric appliances have changed the pattern of our home life completely: the washing, cleaning and cooking take much less time.
Now the daily routine is constantly changing due to the fact that more labour-saving devices have been introduced into our lives.
But the new gadgets have made the household work more sophisticated. One should know how to use all these electric appliances, how to make them work so that they don't break very often and don't give us much trouble. What things must we get first? An electric toaster, a vacuum cleaner, a refrigerator or a washing machine? And how shall we make use of our leisure time now that we have more and more free time on our hands.
^ Answer the questions.
1 Did it take much time to do the washing in the country in the 1920's? Why? 2 How much time does it take you to do the washing now? 3 What labour-saving devices have been introduced into our lives? 4 How much time does it take you to do the rooms? 5 Why have the new gadgets made the household work more sophisticated?