Учебное пособие по практической грамматике английского языка (уровень элементарный) icon

Учебное пособие по практической грамматике английского языка (уровень элементарный)


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SECTION II




KEYS



Articles


I. 1 a 2 an 3 a 4 a 5 a 6 a 7 an 8 a 9 an 10 an


II. 1 an 2 the 3 – 4 the 5 – 6 the 7 a 8 a 9 a 10 the, the.


III. 1 the the 2 the 3 an the – 4 – – 5– 6– a 7 the the the 8 the the a 9 a the 10 the the


IV. 1– – – 2 a – the the 3 – – 4 – – 5 – – 6 – the – 7 an an the the 8 – – 9 – 10 –


V. 1 a a the the 2 a a The the 3 A the 4 a a a the 5 a The the 6 an an The 7 a the 8 a the 9 a The the 10 the –


VI. 1 b b 2 b 3 a b 4 a b b 5 b 6 b 7 a a a b b a b 8 b b 9 b 10 a a


VII. 1 meat 2 the meat 3 love 4 the food 5 milk 6 the milk 7 the water 8 love, money 9 cities 10 friends


VIII. 1 – a 2 a 3 a – 4 an the a a 5 the the 6 an an 7 – – 8 – 9 – 10 –


IX. 1 a 2 – 3 the 4 – 5 the 6 a 7 the 8 the 9 the 10 a 11 the 12 a 13 the 14 the 15 a 16 the


X.

  1. She got a letter from her English pen-friend.

  2. My friend Alice works in a hotel in the centre of the town.

  3. The Smiths have bought a house. The house is really wonderful; there is a lovely garden behind it.

  4. What does he do? – He is a taxi-driver.

  5. My mother often listens to the radio and my father often watches television.

  6. It is time to go to bed now.

  7. My brother is very ill. He is in hospital now.

  8. He often listens to music and he likes jazz best of all.

  9. We are spending the weekend in the country.

  10. Manchester is a big city in the north of England.



Prepositions


  1. 1 at 2 to 3 at 4 to 5 from … to 6 to 7 at 8 from 9 at…from…to 10 from … at

  2. 1 in 2 into 3 in 4 out of 5 into 6 out of 7 into 8 out of 9 in 10 in

  3. 1 at 2 on 3 at 4 on 5 at 6 in 7 in 8 in 9 on 10 at 11 in 12 on

  4. 1 at 2 to 3 at in 5 by 6 in 7 at 8 at 9 in 10 at 11 in 12 in

  5. 1 on 2 in next to 4 in front of 5 near 6 in 7 in 8 at 9 by by by 10 to on

  6. 1 in 2 at 4 in 5 at 6 from in to at 7 from to at 9 from to in 10 at on

  7. 1 from to 2 at 3 on 4 at 5 at on 6 in 7 on 8 in 7 on 8 in 9 from to 10 at 11 at 12 at 13 on 14 on 15 of


VIII. 1 c 2 b 3 b 4 c 5 c 6 b 7 c 8 c 9 b 10 c


IX.

  1. Last wee we went to the Hermitage.

  2. In summer the sun rises early in the morning.

  3. The Bank is closed on Christmas Day.

  4. Next year we’ll go to the Far East.

  5. Next week I’ll go to the theatre.

  6. Dickens was born in 1812.

  7. We’ll go to the country on the 5th of June.

  8. I’m busy at the moment . I’ll call you back in a couple of minutes.

  9. My son likes to get up at sunrise.

  10. He began writing his composition at seven o’clock and finished only at midnight.


X.

  1. My friend lives in the north.

  2. I like to read in bed.

  3. We spent our holiday in the south.

  4. My birthday is on the 5th of March.

  5. We didn’t want to stay in town on such a hot day, so we went to the country.

  6. In summer my mother doesn’t go to work and my little sister doesn’t go to school. They live in the country.

  7. I usually go to bed at ten o’clock because I have to get up early and go to work.

  8. On Sunday I usually get up at nine o’clock. But last Sunday I slept very long and got up only at noon.

  9. He bought a book of English poems and gave it to his sister.

  10. There is a monument to Pushkin in the Square of Arts.

  11. London is the capital of Great Britain.

  12. The roof of the house must be painted.

  13. Now it is clear to me that you don’t want to give me your answer.

  14. I sent a letter to my friend.

  15. He gave her (handed to her) a big bunch of flowers.



Sentence structure


I. 1 b 2b 3 a 4 c 5 c 6 c 7 b 8 a 9 b 10 a


II.

  1. She plays the piano beautifully.

  2. She has a small brown French table.

  3. He gave me a beautiful gold ring.

  4. He never arrives at work before 10 o’clock.

  5. She wore a pair of old, black plastic shoes.

  6. She always writes neatly.

  7. She owns a lovely old house.

  8. I go swimming at 6 o’clock every day.

  9. He usually comes to work by taxi.

  10. We never go to the beach in winter.


III.

  1. She doesn’t often write to me.

  2. My brothers always play football on Saturday afternoons.

  3. The bus usually arrives late.

  4. I often go to bed before 11.

  5. She never drinks coffee in the evening.

  6. It doesn’t often rain in the summer.

  7. I always read books slowly.

  8. My aunt usually goes to work by bus

  9. We always go to the beach at the weekend.

  10. He often gets up early.


IV.

  1. He has a birthday party once a year.

  2. There is a train to Tokyo three times an hour.

  3. He watches television fives hours a day.

  4. She telephones her brother three or four times a month.

  5. They go to Spain twice a year.

  6. We study English four times a week.

  7. My uncle works twelve hours a day.

  8. We eat fish once a week.

  9. That programme is on television twice a day.

  10. His mother phones once a day.


V.

  1. My brother has got a job.

  2. There are many beautiful buildings in this town.

  3. Their mother teaches history at the college.

  4. I always listen to music in the evenings.

  5. She does her morning exercises every day.

  6. She speaks French very well.

  7. It takes him two hours to do his homework.

  8. The airplane flies at 900 kilometres an hour.

  9. They go to the theatre once a week.

  10. She phones her daughter two times a day.


VI.

  1. We never go to the mountains.

  2. She often writes to me.

  3. The boys always play football on Saturday afternoons.

  4. The bus usually arrives late.

  5. I often go to bed before 11.

  6. She never drinks coffee in the evening.

  7. I always read books slowly.

  8. It often rains in autumn.

  9. My father usually goes to work by bus.

  10. We always go to the beach at the weekend.


There is, there are


    1. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 b 6 a 7b

    2. 1 d 2 b 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 c 7c

    3. 1 b 2 d 3 b 4 a 5 c 6 c 7 b

    4. 1 b 2 b 3 a 4 a 5 a 6 b 7 a 8 b

    5. 1 c 2 a 3 c 4 e 5 d 6 a 7 b 8 e 9 a

    6. 1 b 2 c 3 b 4 c





  1. Is there some paper on the desk?

  2. Are there some files on the table?

  3. Are there a lot of engineers in our firm?

  4. Is there one economist in our firm?

  5. Are here many books in your bag?

  6. Are there many plants in Moscow?

  7. Is there a beautiful park near our university?

VIII. 1 a 2 b 3 a 4 b 5 b 6 b 7 b 8 a 9 b 10 b

IX.

    1. В Санкт-Петербурге много красивых зданий.

    2. В этой статье нет ничего интересного.

    3. На улице никого нет.

    4. Существует много различных видов насекомых.

    5. В году двенадцать месяцев.

    6. Что касается этой проблемы, имеется две точки зрения.

    7. Есть поезд до Манчестера?

    8. В нашем городе много туристов.

    9. На этой улице есть хороший ресторан?

    10. Сколько страниц в этой книге?

X.

  1. There is a large reading room in our university.

  2. There are some articles in this journal.

  3. There is a large plant in our town.

  4. There are many beautiful rivers and lakes in Siberia.

  5. Two days ago there was a football match here.

  6. There is snow everywhere.

  7. There is much information on this problem.

  8. There is little water in this river.

  9. There was a meeting in the hall yesterday.

  10. There will be an examination here tomorrow.


Present Indefinite Tense


I. 1 b 2 b 3 a 4 c 5 c 6 c 7 b b 8 a 9 b 10 c

II. 1 b 2 a 3 c 4 c 5 b 6 a 7 e 8 b 9 e 10 d

III. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 b 6 b 7 b 8 a 9 a 10 a

IV. 1 a 2 b 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 a 7 b 8 a 9 b 10 a

V. 1 b 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 a 7 b 8 a 9 b 10 a

VI. 1 c 2 a 3 b 4 d 5 a 6 d 7 a 8 a 9 b 10 c

VII.

  1. He/she takes ….

  2. He/she knows….

  3. He/she reads….

  4. He/she has….

  5. He/she studies….

  6. He/she gets up….

  7. He/she works….

  8. He/she is tired ….

  9. He/she is not ….

  10. He/she has….

VIII.

  1. Where do his children live?

  2. What do they study?

  3. Where does Mr.Borisov go?

  4. When do these students get books?

  5. When does Vadim come?

  6. What does he always read?

  7. Where does her daughter go?

  8. Where does your aunt live?

  9. When does the train leave?

  10. What does she do in the garden?

  11. How long does it take you to get to the office?

  12. What does she have for breakfast?

  13. When does your working day begin?

  14. Why do you work hard?

  15. How often do you go to see your grandmother?


IX.

        1. We often go to see our grandmother.

        2. The shop opens at 9 and closes at 6.

        3. He finishes work at about 5 o’clock.

        4. The Earth goes round the Sun.

        5. He is always late for classes.

        6. The Browns usually have dinner at 5 p.m.

        7. My friend works in London, he sells cars.

        8. She drinks 3 litres of water every day!

        9. I go to the mountains three or four times a year.

        10. When she makes a mistake she smiles.


X.

          1. Jane is a vegetarian. She doesn’t eat meat.

          2. She can’t understand the film. She doesn’t speak French.

          3. He can’t buy new shoes. He has not any money.

          4. He doesn’t want to listen to me.

          5. Where is John? — He is in the garden.

          6. Does your family always leave St.Petersburg in summer?

          7. What magazines do you read?

          8. Every summer we go to the Black Sea. My husband doesn’t like neat


Past Indefinite Tense


I. 1 a 2 c 3 b 4 a 5 c 6 c 7 a 8 a 9a 10 a

II. 1 b 2 c 3 a 4 b 5 b 6 b 7 a 8 b

III. 1 a 2 c 3 d 4 c 5 c 6 b 7 c 8 c 9 b 10 b

IV. 1 b 2 c 3 c 4 b 5 c 6 b 7 b 8 c 9 c 10 c 11 b 12 c 13 c 14 c 15 c

V. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 b 6 c 7 b 8 a 9 c 10 a

VI. 1 to leave, 2 to go, 3 to meet, 4 to buy, 5 to bring, 6 to see, 7 to live, 8 to stay, 9 to close, 10 to rain.

VII.

  1. . …went to bed… / yesterday

  2. … took…/two days ago/ yesterday/last week

  3. …came……/two days ago/ yesterday/last week.

  4. …sent……/two days ago/ yesterday/last week.

  5. …spoke… …/two days ago/ yesterday/last evening

  6. …left……/two days ago/ yesterday

  7. …spent……/two days ago/ yesterday/last week


VIII

1 lost, climbed 2 wrote 3 made 4 played, drank, talked, went, took, went 5 bought 6 met 7 sent


IX.

  1. Did you study English at school?

  2. Bering was born in 1680 and he died in 1741.

  3. We were at the theatre yesterday.

  4. What did you have for breakfast?

  5. How did you spend last Sunday?

  6. Jack rang up yesterday and as I was not in he left a message for me.

  7. I switched on TV and began watching a new film.

  8. I knew your father well.

  9. Did you go abroad last summer?

  10. What did you do in London during the war?



X.

1 was going, 2 was, 3 were, 4 was, 5 had never returned,

6 felt, 7 was following, 8 thought, 9 was, 10 decided, 11could, 12 looked, 13 saw, 14 was still following, 15 turned, 16 turned, 17 was, 18 was, 19 turned, 20 asked, 21do you want, 22 are you following, 23 am going, 24 said, 25told, 26 follow,27 will find, 28 lives


Future Indefinite


    1. 1a 2 b 3c 4 a 5 b 6 c 7 b… b 8 d 9 b 10 a

    2. 1 …will live in Lomonosov st.…

2 … will get scholarship…

3 …will tell us about English traditions…

4. …will phone…

5 …shall/ will discuss the price problems…

  1. …will go to the country…

  2. …will live in San Francisco…

  3. …shall/will go…

  4. …will help…

  5. …will go…


III. 1 is going to look 2 are going to travel 3 Are you going to make …? 4 is going to live 5 are going to build 6 am going to meet 7 are going to swim 8 am going to stay 9 are going to teach 10 Are you going to watch…?

IV. 1 d 2 d 3 a 4 b 5 c 6 a 7 c 8 c 9d 10 a

V.

    1. returnes, will call 2 see, shall tell you 3 will go, is 4 comes, shall gather 5 will be, come 6 shall sing, will tell 7 will you do, comes 8 return, shall ring 9 will join, gather 10 stay, shall meet



VI. 1 will 2 will 3 will 4 shall 5 shall 6 shall 7 will 8 shall,will 9 will 10 will


VII.

  1. He will give the answer tomorrow.

  2. I shall/will return to Moscow in a few days.

  3. They will take English lessons twice a week.

  4. When will you be back here?

  5. I will/ shall see you later.

  6. We will/shall visit you this weekend.

  7. Where will you go after lessons.

  8. How long will your friends stay here?

  9. He will not finish this work next week.

  10. I am sure he will pass his exam.

  11. The porter will bring your luggage to your room.

  12. From the station they will go straight to the hotel.

  13. Tomorrow he will take them to the Russian Museum.

  14. At the station I’ll meet Mr.Wilson and we’ll go to our office at once.

  15. The doctor will come in fifteen minutes.


Present Continuous Tense


  1. 1 b 2 b 3 b 4 c 5 b 6 c 7 c 8 b 9 a 10 c

  2. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 a 6 a 7 b 8 a 9 b 10 b

  3. 1 b 2 c 3 a, a 4d 5 a 6 d 7 a 8 d 9 a 10 a

  4. 1 b 2 c 3 c 4 b 5 c 6 a 7 c 8 a 9 b 10 b

V.

1. Mrs. Johnson is sitting in her garden.

2. Mr. Johnson is playing the piano.

3. The sun is shining.

4. Three dogs are swimming in the river.

5. Some men are talking near the post office.

6. A police man is walking down the street.

7. Jane and Peter are drinking coffee in the bar.

8. My daughter is taking a photograph of her brother.

9. Our mother is shopping for our dinner.

10.My son is talking to his friend on the phone


VI.

  1. What are you eating? – I am eating a sandwich.

  2. What is she watching? – She is watching a film.

  3. What are you writing? – I’m writing a letter to my cousin.

  4. What are you drinking? –I’m drinking some lemonade.

  5. What are they reading? –They are reading a novel.

  6. What is she doing? – She is making bread in the kitchen.

  7. What are you looking for? –I’m looking for my yellow dress.

  8. Why are you laughing? – The dog is eating your dinner!

  9. Where is he going? – He’s going to the library.

  10. What are they listening to? They are listening to the radio

VII.


        1. Look! It is raining. Take an umbrella.

        2. Please? Don’t make noise. Kate is playing the piano.

        3. Listen! Somebody is knocking at the door.

        4. Do you understand what he is talking about?

        5. Where is John? – He is working in the garden now.

        6. What are you thinking about? You are not listening to what the teacher is saying.

        7. Can you hear anything? I am listening hard but I can’t hear anything, he is speaking in a very low voice.

        8. Why is the baby crying? – I think he is hungry.

        9. The girl, who is playing tennis with a boy, is my classmate.

        10. What are you doing this evening?


Past Continuous Tense


      1. 1a 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 a 7 b 8 a

      2. 1 c 2 c 3 b 4 a 5b 6 b

      3. 1 a 2 a 3 a 4 a 5 b 6 c

      4. 1 b 2 c 3 b 4 a

      5. 1 b 2 c 3 a

      6. 1 went 2 was going 3 was going 4 was translating 5 was translating 6 translated 7 was translating 8 was translating 9 was not playing, was reading 10 was not sleeping, was watching




      1. 1 was raining 2 was going 3 was waiting 4 was watching 5 was looking 6 was watching 7 was buying 8 was snowing 9 was driving 10 was wearing




      1. 1 were running, fell 2 was swimming, saw 3 were playing, started 4 were driving, asked 5 was making, rang 6 was snowing, arrived 7 was living, saw 8 were walking, met 9 was listening, had 10 was raining, went


IX. 1 were waiting, arrived 2 was swimming, saw 3 were playing, started 4 cried, heard 5 were driving, stopped 6 went, began 7 left, became 8 were working, met 9 felt, read 10 was raining, got up


X.

  1. When he came in I was reading a book.

  2. What were you doing yesterday after dinner?

  3. When I was watching TV I suddenly fell asleep.

  4. It was snowing all day long yesterday.

  5. When I woke up early in the morning it was snowing heavily.

  6. When I came to see him he was translating an article from English into Russian.

  7. What was I talking about?

  8. I was reading a newspaper when somebody rang the bell.

  9. When I looked out of the window the children were playing football.

  10. I was sleeping the whole evening yesterday.

  11. When you rang me up yesterday I was playing the piano.

  12. When we were having supper the light went out.

  13. While we were fishing someone came to our house and left this note.

  14. Who were you talking to on the telephone as I came in?

  15. One evening he was sitting near the fireplace when somebody knocked at the window.



Present Perfect Tense


        1. 1a 2 b 3 b 4 b 5 c 6 с

        2. 1 a 2a 3 b 4 b 5 c

III.

          1. He’s never been to London.

          2. Have you bought this book yet?

          3. They’ve just gone for a walk.

          4. She has done well lately.

          5. Have you ever swum in the sea?

          6. The children have not yet got up.

          7. Has it got light yet?

          8. Who’s just telephoned you?

          9. I have already seen this performance.

          10. I have not yet finished my translation.

IV. 1 a 2 b 3 c 4 c 5 c 6 a 7 b 8 a 9 c 10 b

V. 1 b 2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 c

VI.1 b 2 b 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 c

VII. 1 b 2 c 3 a 4 a 5 c



      1. …have already finished…

      2. … has just come …

      3. …came…

      4. …have never been…

      5. …has not yet eaten…

      6. …has stopped…

      7. … have you seen…

      8. …has not yet come…

      9. …felt, went…

      10. Have you ever spent…

IX.

  1. She hasn’t answered my letter.

  2. They haven’t read allof the book.

  3. He hasn’t sent me the money.

  4. We haven’t understood this very well.

  5. It hasn’t rained for a long time.

  6. I haven’t seen you for ages.

  7. They haven’t planned their holiday.

  8. She hasn’t read the newspaper.

  9. I haven’t been to China.

  10. The dog hasn’t eaten its food.


X.

    1. Он прожил в Италии 10 лет и сейчас преподает итальянский язык.

    2. Они только что видели дорожное происшествие на улице.

    3. Поезд уже отошел от станции? – Нет еще, он все еще находится у платформы.

    4. Он уже видел фильм, о котором ты говоришь.

    5. Он знает меня с моего детства.

    6. Ты когда-нибудь водил машину?

    7. Я не слышал о нем с тех пор как он уехал из Санкт-Петербурга.

    8. Он уехал из Москвы в 1995 году и я не видел его с тех пор.

    9. Я дам тебе книгу, после того как прочитаю ее.

    10. Мы отправимся в 5 часов, если дождь прекратится к тому времени.


XI.

  1. Have you ever driven a car? – Never.

  2. Have you ever been to Canada? – Yes, I have been there several times.

  3. Have you seen any new film this week?

  4. Have you had any holidays this year?

  5. I am not hungry, I’ve just had lunch.

  6. Have you ever tasted an avocado?

  7. He’s just rung me up, he is (feels) well.

  8. She hasn’t yet read this book, give it to her.

  9. We have just talked about it.

  10. Kate has done her homework and may go for a walk.

  11. Have you washed the plates? – Yes, I have.

  12. Somebody has taken my bicycle.

  13. He has just gone out.

  14. I often see him but I have never spoken to him.

  15. Jack is happy. He has just passed his last exam.



Asking questions


I. II.

    1. Where … 1. How many …

    2. What … 2. How much …

    3. What … 3. How many …

    4. Where … 4.How much …

    5. When … 5.How much …

    6. When … 6.How many …

    7. What … 7.How many …



III.

  1. Which dress do you prefer …?

  2. Which apple do you want …?

  3. Which drink do you prefer …?

  4. Which bus do you take to work …?

  5. Which city do you prefer …?

  1. Which car did you buy …?

  2. Which café shall we go to …?

  3. Which pencil can I use …?

  4. Which road shall we take …?

  5. Which room did they paint …?



IV.

  1. Who are you talking to?

  2. Who are you going to the cinema with?

  3. Who telephoned Fred?

  4. Who did Fred telephone?

  5. Who David wrote to?

  6. Who did David write to?

  7. Who played tennis?

  8. Who did you play tennis with?

  9. Who did you invite to the party?

  10. Who invited you to the party?

V.

    1. Where did they go yesterday?

    2. When do you begin your lessons?

    3. How do these foreign students understand Russian?

    4. Who teaches French at school?

    5. Why does she make mistakes in grammar?

    6. When did your brother graduate from the Institute?

    7. Why did Jonathan fail his law exam?

    8. Who will help you with the laboratory work?

    9. How long are your foreign guests going to stay here?

    10. What book did you buy?


Modal Verbs and Their Equivalents


  1. 1 must 2 may 3 must 4 can 5 may 6must 7 must 8 must 9 must 10 can



  1. We could (were able to) help / will be able to help

  2. I could (was able to) do / will be able to do

  3. She could ( was able to) translate / will be able to translate

  4. He could ( was able to)go / will be able to translate

  5. They could (were able to) read / will be able to read

  6. I had to (was to) do / shall have to do

  7. He had to (was to) do / will have to do

  8. You had to ( were to ) learn / will have to learn

  9. You had to (were to ) walk / will have to walk

  10. She had to ( was to) do / will have to do



  1. 1 c 2 d 3 a b 4 e 5 d 6 f 7 c b 8 c

  2. 1 a 2 e 3 b 4 d 5 f 6 c 7 d

  3. 1 b 2 c 3 b

  4. 1 d 2 c 3 a 4 b 5 e

  5. 1 b 2 e 3 d 4 h 5 c 6 f 7 a 8 g



    1. I must go there at once.

    2. Children mustn’t take matches.

    3. We must go there tomorrow.

    4. Must I go there? – Yes, you must. – No, you needn’t.

    5. She must be about fifty.

    6. He must be at home now.

    7. He must know her address.

    8. She must have lost your address.

    9. You must have left your book at the institute.

    10. You must do it.






  1. Кто может перевести это предложение?

  2. Ты мог говорить по-английски год назад?

  3. Я думаю, они смогут дойти до деревни до наступления темноты.

  4. Ты можешь идти, я закончу работу сам(а).

  5. Каждый инженер должен знать хотя бы один иностранный язык.

  6. Ваш сын должен оставаться в постели, т.к. он все еще болен.

  7. Ему не разрешили заходить в концертный зал после третьего звонка.

  8. Он должен был оставаться в офисе, пока не закончит доклад.

  9. В аудитории курить не разрешается.

  10. Вы знаете студента, который должен делать доклад?





  1. The box is heavy. The boy cannot lift it.

  2. Must we attend all the lectures?

  3. The room is dark. We cannot work in it.

  4. We must not be late for our classes.

  5. The apples are green. We cannot eat them.

  6. May I try to read this text again?

  7. I must get up early on week days.

  8. May I take your pencil for a minute?

  9. We were to meet at the station at 6.

  10. You should take a taxi if you don’t want to be late.


Passive Voice

    1. 1a 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 c

    2. 1b 2b 3a 4b 5b 6b



    1. Eго часто отправляют в командировки за границу

2. Ребенка отведут к родителям.

3. Профессору Брауну обычно задают много вопросов после лекций

4. Какие вопросы обсуждаются во время деловых бесед?

5. Обычно почту приносят в офис утром.

6. Наше оборудование экспортируется в различные страны

7. Ножи обычно делают из стали.


    1. 2 3 5 6 7 8 10 11 12 14

    2. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 b 6 a 7 b

    3. 1 will be constructed; 2 was constructed; 3 constructed; 4 are constructed; 5 is being constructed; 6 has been constructed; 7 had been constructed; 8 was being constructed; 9 will have been constructed; 10 construct.



    1. 1 are sold; 2 was seen; 3 told; 4 was told; 5 will be shown; 6 will be finished; 7 will be taken; 8 booked; 9 are built;10 was founded



  1. Его всегда слушают с большим вниманием.

  2. Мои часы спешат, на них нельзя положиться.

  3. Почему над ним смеялись?

  4. Вчера я посмотрел фильм, о котором так много говорят.

  5. В доме никто не жил.






    1. Ему показали дорогу до станции.

    2. Не входите в комнату! Там экзаменуют студента.

    3. Мои часы сделаны из стали.

    4. Когда она вернулась домой, ей рассказали новость.

    5. Эти книги продаются повсюду.

    6. Так как мои часы были сломаны, я был вынужден купить новые.

    7. Крыша моего дома покрашена зеленым (цветом).

    8. Письмо только что напечатали.

    9. Новый фильм демонстрируют (-ется) во всех больших кинотеатрах Москвы.

    10. Контракт будет подписан к 5 часам.






1. These documents were brought in the morning.

2. I’m often sent on business to Germany.

3 A new film will be shown tomorrow.

4. We were asked a lot of questions at the conference.

5. The flowers were watered in the morning.

6. The contract will be signed next week.

7. We get letters from foreign firms every day.

8. The roof will be painted brown.

9. The children of Sparta were given a military education.

10. Usually the students are examined in this room.


Reported speech, Sequence of tenses



  1. 1 a 2 b 3 a 4 c 5 c 6 b 7 c

  2. 1 b 2 c 3 b 4 b 5 c 6 c 7 b

  3. 1 a 2 b 3 c 4 b 5 a 6 b 7 b 8 b 9 b 10 b




  1. 1 watched TV 2 forgot 3 had left 4 was interested 5 collected 6 had received 7 had been 8 had arrived 9 should be busy 10 would come



  1. 1 a 2 b 3 b 4 b 5 a






    1. Father asked his son to pass him the sugar.

    2. I asked/ told Mike to send me a telegram as soon as he arrived

    3. Mother asked / told us not to be late for dinner.

    4. Jane asked us to tell her all we knew about it.

    5. She asked Nick not to say anything about it / …to say nothing about it

    6. Robert asked Henry to help him with that work.

    7. Mother told her son not to forget to buy a bottle of milk.

    8. Jane asked Alice to come to see her.

    9. Nick’s mother told him not to eat much ice-cream.

    10. The man told Kate not to be afraid of his dog.



  1. I asked the man if/whether he was living in a hotel.

  2. Jack asked his friend if/whether he had sent her a telegram the day before.

  3. He asked me if/whether I should see my friends before I left St.Petersburg.

  4. She asked me if/whether I was listening to her

  5. I asked her if/whether she could give me their address.

  6. I asked my mother if/whether somebody had come to see me.

  7. Mary asked Peter if/whether he would show his photo to Dick.





  1. I asked him how long he was going to stay there.

  2. I asked him how long it would take him to get there.

  3. They asked him what time the train started.

  4. Ann asked Mike when he left London.

  5. She asked Sally what she would do after dinner.

  6. Adam asked me where I had seen such trees.

  7. Mother asked me who had brought that parcel.

  8. Peter asked his friends when they were leaving St.Petersburg.

  9. I asked him when he had come home the day before.

  10. Mary asked Tom what time he would come there the next day.





  1. Он знал, что ты болен.

  2. Он знал, что ты был болен.

  3. Мы обнаружили, что она всегда выходит из дома в 8 часов утра.

  4. Мы обнаружили, что она всегда выходила из дома в 8 часов утра.

  5. Мы не знали, куда уходят наши соседи каждый вечер.

  6. Мы не знали, куда ушли наши соседи.

  7. Она сказала, что ее лучший друг–врач.

  8. Она сказала, что ее лучший друг был врачом.

  9. Я не знал, что ты работаешь в Эрмитаже.

  10. Я не знал, что ты работал в Эрмитаже





  1. Our grandmother said that she wanted to visit us herself.

  2. We knew that she was very busy.

  3. Nobody knew that you were waiting there. Let’s go into the house.

  4. She was sure that her mother would give her some advice.

  5. The secretary didn’t notice that the director was speaking to somebody.

  6. He told me yesterday that his father was a businessman and lived in Moscow.

  7. Last week we decided that the following summer we should go to the Crimea.



Conditional sentences


    1. 1 c 2 c 3 b 2 a 3 b 4 b 5 b

    2. 1 a 2a 3 b

    3. 1 a 2 b 3 c 4 f 5 e 6 d




    1. 1 rains, 2 will play; 3 had asked; 4 is; 5 give; 6 did;

7 had known; 8 were; 9 snows; 10 didn’t know.


V.



  1. If you took this medicine, it would do you good.

  2. If she took bus 15 she would get there in a quarter of an hour.

  3. If you got to know them well you would like them.

  4. If he went out without his coat on he would catch cold.

  5. If you got down to business at once you would finish the job today.

  6. If he finished his work, he would go to the concert.

  7. If the weather kept fine we should stay in the country for a week.

VI.

  1. If it were not so awfully hot, we should go swimming.

  2. If it were not a nasty day they would go to gather mushrooms.

  3. If I had not a bad headache, I should do the translation tonight.

  4. If it were not cold, they would go for a walk.

  5. If you didn’t work systematically, you would not pass your examination.

  6. If I couldn’t get a ticket, I should not go to the Philharmonic.

  7. If my friend were too busy he would not go to the concert.


VII.

    1. The theatre would have been packed if the audience had liked the performance.

    2. He would have got(ten) to the museum quicker if he had gone there by taxi.

    3. If you had arrived a few minutes earlier you would have met him.

    4. If it had stopped raining we would have gone out.

    5. I should have gone down to the country if the weather had been fine.

    6. If she had read a lot she would have made good progress in her studies.

    7. If you had read his last book it would have impressed you greatly.


VIII.



  1. If the leading actress had not made a great impression on the audience, everybody would not have applauded.

  2. If he had had anything to declare he would have to pay customs duties.

  3. If he had not booked room in advance it would have been difficult to get room in the hotel.

  4. If I had had enough information I could have finished the article.

  5. If he had not been so tired on Sunday he would have joined us.

  6. If it hadn’t been cold our children would have played outside.

  7. If you had asked him he would have helped you.


IX.

  1. Если бы ты принял вчера лекарство, температура бы упала.

  2. Он бы сделал эту работу, если бы у него было время.

  3. Они бы не пропустили поезд , если бы отправились на станцию прямо сейчас.

  4. Если ты мне позвонишь, я тебе что-то расскажу.

  5. Если бы он не помог нам вчера, проект не был бы закончен.

  6. Если не будет дождя, мы будем работать в саду.

  7. Если бы у нас было время, мы бы могли пойти осматривать достопримечательности завтра утром.



X.

  1. If I come home early I shall be able to write my report today.

  2. If you had come to the conference yesterday, you would have met with a well-known English writer.

  3. If he had taken a taxi he would have come in time.

  4. If I had his telephone number, I should easily settle this matter with him.

  5. If I know the time of his arrival, I shall meet him at the station.

  6. If I had a good dictionary I should translate this text.

  7. If you learn the rule you will write the test-paper successfully.

  8. If you had rung me up, I should have told you something.

  9. If you ring me up, I shall tell you something.

  10. If I lived in Moscow, I should visit the Tretyakov Gallery every year.


Revision tests:


  1. 1 b 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 c 6 a 7 c 8 c

  2. 1 c 2 a 3 b 4 a 5 a 6 a 7 c 8 c 9 a 10 b

  3. 1 a 2 c 3 b 4 b 5 c 6 c 7 a 8 c 9 b 10 c 11 c 12 a 13 c

  4. 1 b 2 c 3 c 4 c 5 c 6 b 7 c 8 a 9 a 10 b

V. 1 a 2 b 3b 4 a 5 a 6 d 7 b 8 a 9 e 10 a

VI. 1 had 2 have seen 3 was talking 4 are you going 5 don’t drop 6 go out 7 hasn’t eaten 8 is doing 9 was shining… were singing 10 don’t study

  1. 1 wrote 2 have been 3 am getting ready 4 work 5 have just finished 6 am writing 7 don’t only study 8 went 9 saw 10 was called 11 have you seen 12 hope 13 had 14 am trying 15 are 16 write


VIII.

  1. Health and happiness are more important than money.

  2. I don’t like tea with sugar.

  3. I’ve just read a very interesting book. I can give it to you if you want (like).

  4. Is he going to pass the exam? He doesn’t even open the textbook.

  5. When I returned home my parents were already sleeping.

  6. Are you hungry? - Yes, I am. I haven’t had dinner yet.

  7. I’ve never been to a big city.

  8. What are you going to do tonight? – I haven’t decided yet.

  9. Have you got any relatives in St Petersburg? – Yes, I have. My cousin lives there.

  10. What language is she speaking? I can’t understand anything. (I can understand nothing).


Приложение



Обзорная таблица

Видовременные формы английского глагола в действительном залоге





Indfiite

Continuous

Perfect

Perfect Continuous




Констатация факта

Процесс

Завершенность

Процесс уже в теч.

некоторого времени.

Present

V, V-s


I write

Я пишу (часто)

am

is V-ing

are

I .

Я пишу (сейчас)

have

has V3


I have written.

Я написал (уже)

have

has been V-ing


I have been writing.

Я пишу (уже час)

Past

V-ed, V2


I wrote

Я (на)писал

(вчера, 2 дня тому назад)

was

were V-ing


I was writing

Я писал (вчера в 3 часа, когда он вошел)

had V3


I had written

Я написал (вчера к 3 часам, до того как он пришел)

had been V-ing

I had been writing.

Я писал (уже 2 часа, когда он пришел)

Future

will(shall)V


I will (shall)

write


Я напишу, буду писать завтра


will(shall) be V-ing

I will(shall) be

Writing

Я буду писать

(завтра в 3 часа)

will(shall)haveV3

I will(shall)have

written


Я напишу (завтра к 3 часам, до того как он придет)

will (shall)have

been V-ing


I will (shall) have

been writing


Я буду писать (завтра уже 3 часа, когда он придет)

^

Библиографический список





  1. Голицинский Ю.Б. Английский язык. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений.- СПб.: КАРО, 2002.

  2. Дроздова Т.Ю., Маилова В.Г. English Grammar. Reference and Practice.-СПб.: Химера, 1998.

  3. Дроздова Т.Ю., Маилова В.Г.Student’s grammar guide.-СПб.: Химера, 1998.

  4. Каушанская В.Л., Ковнер Р.Л., Кожевникова О.Н. A grammar of the English Language.- Л.: Просвещение, 1973.

  5. Качалова К.Н., Израилевич Е.Е Практическая грамматика английского языка.- М..: UNVES, 1995.

  6. Alexander L. Longman English Grammar.-London and New York, Longman, 1994.

  7. Dainly P. Penguing grammar workbook. Beginners, London and New York, Penguin Group, 1998

  8. Walker E. Elsworth S. Grammar Practice for Elementary Students, Pearson Education Limited, 2000.








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