Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов гуманитарных специальностей вузов Втрех частях icon

Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов гуманитарных специальностей вузов Втрех частях

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E x e r c i s e s

1.Put the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

  1. I knew they (to wait) for me at the metro station and I decided to hurry.

  2. I didn’t know that you already (to wind) up the clock.

  3. I was afraid that the little girl (not be able) to unlock the front door and (to go) upstairs to help her.

  4. Mark understood why Tom (not to come) the previous evening.

  5. He stopped and listened: the clock (to strike) six.

  6. They realized that they (to lose) their way in the dark.

  7. When the bus (to stop) I (to look) out of the window but (not to see) my brother there. I (to send) him a telegram and I (to think) that he (to meet) me.

  8. I found out that he (not to know) German at all.

  9. I learnt that my cousin (to receive) a very interesting offer from his firm.

  10. My niece wrote in her letter that she (to come) to stay with us.

  11. I think the weather (to be) fine next week. I hope it (not to change) for the worse.

  12. She hoped that her boyfriend (to come) to see her.

  13. I suppose they (to send) a dog after the burglar immediately.

  14. When I came to the station I saw my cousin. I understood that he (to miss) the 6 o’clock train.

  15. We didn’t know where our friends (to go) every evening.

  16. Shakespeare wrote that all the world (to be) a stage.

^ 2.Translate from Russian into English.

  1. Простите, мы не думали, что вы ждете нас.

  2. Я думаю, что вы опоздаете в кино.

  3. Мы решили на прошлой неделе, что будущим летом мы все поедем на Канарские острова.

  4. Я был уверен, что вы не подведете меня.

  5. Я не знал, что ты уже вернулся в Манчестер.

  6. Он боялся, что ему будет трудно сделать доклад.

  7. Секретарь не заметил, что директор с кем-то разговаривает.

  8. Когда я увидел Марту, я понял, что она чем-то расстроена. Она сказала, что заболела ее мать.

  9. Я была удивлена, когда узнала, что Марк не сдал экзамен. Он говорил, что долго к нему готовился.

  10. В больнице я узнал, что у меня вторая группа крови.

UNIT 2 Reported Speech. ^ MEANING AND USE

1. Direct Speech is the exact words someone said: “I’ll go to London,” she said. Quotation marks (“…”) are used in Direct speech.

^ Reported Speech is the exact meaning of what someone said but not the exact words: She said she would go to London. Quotation marks are not used in Reported Speech.

2. The verbs most commonly used to introduce the Reported Speech are to tell and to say.

The verb tell is used to mention the hearer (the person spoke to): Sarah’s boss told her she could leave early. Daniel tells me he is ready.

The verb tell is used without an indirect object (e.g. her, me) only in the expressions tell a story, tell the truth, tell a lie, tell the time, tell you so.

The verb say is used when one doesn’t mention the hearer: Sarah’s boss said she could leave earlier. Daniel says he is ready.

Sometimes to is used after say, especially when the words are not reported: The boss wanted to say something to Sarah. What did Matthew say to you?

3. In order to interpret what we hear or read the following verbs can be used:

Introductory verbs Direct Speech Reported Speech

Verb + to-inf.


“Yes, I’ll help you.”

He agreed to help me


“Shall I open the door?”

He offered to open the door.


“Of course I’ll pay you.”

He promised to pay me.


“No, I won’t go with you.”

He refused to go with us.


“I’ll punish you.”

He threatened to punish me.

Verb + sb. + to-inf.


“You should see a lawyer.”

He advised me to see a lawyer.


“Could you help me?”

He asked me to help him.


“Please, don’t hurt her.”

He begged me not to hurt her.


“Stand up!”

He commanded to stand up.


“Will you go out with me?”

He invited me to go out with him.


“Leave the cat!”

He ordered me to leave the cat.


“Don’t forget to ring Ann.”

She reminded me to ring Ann.


“Don’t go near her.”

She warned me not to go near her.

Verb + gerund


“Yes, I did it.”

He admitted doing/having done it.

Accuse sb. of

“You took the money.”

He accused me of taking/ having taken the money.

^ Apologise for

“I’m sorry I came so late.”

He apologised for coming/having come so late.

Boast of/about

“I’m the fastest of all.”

He boasted of/about being the fastest of all.

Complain to sb. of

“I have a toothache.”

He complained to me of having a toothache.


“I didn’t take the book.”

He denied taking/having taken the book.

Insist on

“You must come with us.”

He insisted on me/my going with them.

(Say one) prefers

“I’d rather do it myself.”

He said he preferred doing/to do it himself.


“Let’s have a party.”

He suggested having a party.

Verb + that clause


“Yes, it’s a big house.”

He agreed that it was a big house.


“You’re always lying to me.”

He complained that I was always lying to him.


“I didn’t take that book.”

He denied that he had taken the book.


“That’s why I didn’t take it.”

He explained to me why/that he hadn’t taken it.

^ Exclaim/ remark

“What a sunny day it is.”

He exclaimed/remarked that it was a sunny day.


“Of course I’ll help you.”

He promised that he would help me.


“You’d better see a doctor.

He suggested that I (should) see a doctor.

Note: admit, advise, boast, insist, threaten, warn, remind can also be followed by a that-clause in Reported Speech.

4. Reported Speech commonly occurs in continuous paragraphs of reported language, not in unrelated sentences. To hold it together such phrases and words as she went on to say, he continued, he added that, and, as, because, but, since, while, then, etc. are used:

“I’m really tired,” she said to him. “Can you make me a cup of coffee?”

She exclaimed that she was tired and asked him to make her a cup of coffee.

We can report:

– statements

– questions

– commands, requests, suggestions, etc.

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