Казахстан Университет «Сырдария» icon

Казахстан Университет «Сырдария»


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^

ABOUT BENNY’S COUSIN

“Granny, have I any cousins?”


“Yes Benny! You have two.”

“Whose children are they? How old are they? Are they boys or girls?”

“Not so many questions at once, please, Benny!Your cousins are: a five-year-old boy, Georgie, and a four-year-old girl, May.They are your Aunt Emily’s children. They are in Canada now with their parents: your Aunt Emily, my daughter, and her husband, Mr. Thomas Brown.”

“In Canada? What’s Canada, granny? Where is it?”

“Canada is a far-away country. It is in the Noorth of America.”

“In the North of America? Where is it? Is it as far as London?”

“Oh, no Benny! It’s much farther.”

“But, granny…”

Come along, my dearest. It’s just the time for your midday milk.”

^

VOCABULARY NOTES




an only child единственный ребенок


five-year-old пятилетний

far-away дальний, далекий

in the North of на севере

as far as так же далеко, как

come along пойдем

it’s just the time как раз пора


^ TOPICAL VOCABULARY.

What’s your occupation? What do you do (for a living)? worker (mechanic, turner, locksmith),farmer, engineer, teacher, doctor, surgeon, dentist, soldier, sailor, pilot, officer, salesman, saleswoman, (shop-assistant, shop-girl), research worker, architect, lawyer, journalist, typist, driver, actor, actress, composer, painter, writer, poet, playwright, musician, conductor, chemist, physicist.

Table No.1


^ ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЕ С ВВОДНЫМ THERE

a)



There is


a

some

no

not any


book

cup

knife

plate

newspaper


on the table.

on the desk.



^

There are

some


no

not any

(not) many

a lot of

little

a little



books

exercise-books


cups

knives



^

on the table.


on the desk..



There is


some

no

not any

(not) much

a lot of

little

a little



chalk

bread

butter

sugar

milk


B)



Is there







any



book

cup

knife

plate

newspaper


on the table?

on the table?



^ Are there


any

many

few

books

exercise-books

plates



on the table?

on the desk?


Is there



any

much

little

chalk

bread

butter

sugar

milk



^
T a b l e N o . 2






The

clock

glass

cat

dog



is



on

under



the


desk

chair

bed

sofa

bookcase

boxes

pencils

books


аre



I.a)Study Substitution Table No.1 and compose as many sentences as you can. b) Let the members of the class ask and answer questions as in the model. Give a short answer and add a sentence of your own with the introductory there.

M o d e l: Is there any clock on your desk?

There is. And there is also a lamp on it.

c) Respond to the negative sentence of your fellow-student as in the model. Use contracted forms in speech.

M o d e l: There aren’t any knives on the table.

No, there aren’t. There are only forks here.

d) Study Substition Table No. 2 and compose as many sentences as you can.


e) Use the same sentences in short situations.


II. Transcribe the following words and explain the reading rules:

Boot, prepare, ball, book, mere, meat, good, store, bread, care, palm, cure, cold, last, plant, text, exam, rather, germ, hurt, hare, grasp, staff, bald, calf, chalk, clasp, a talented dancer, a broken branch, a stone wall, a dull day, a wise man, a cheap car, a big ship, a fat sheep, a naughty girl, a lazy boy, a rare plant, a strict lady, a cold lake, a birthday present, Bertha’s basket, spare time, pure water.


III. Write the plural form of the following nouns. Transcribe them:

Country, saleswoman, match, boy, sister-in-law, man, tooth, handkerchief, potato, deer, piano, knife, lady, suffix, foot.

IV. Answer the following questions:

  1. 1.Is this a classroom? 2. Are there many desks in it? How many? 3.Are there any chairs in the room? How many? 4. Are there any lamps in the room? 5. Are they on the walls? 6. How many lamps are there in it? 7.How many windows are there in the room? 8. What colour are the walls? 9. What colour are the desks? 10. What colour are the chairs? 11. Is there a blackboard on the wall? 12. What colour is the board? 13. Are there any sentences on it? 14. How many books are there on your desk? 15. Are they English or Russian? 16. How many exercise -books are there in your bag? 17.Are they thick or thin? 18. Is this book thick or thin? 19. What is there on this table? 20. What is there in that box?

  2. 1. Is the box on the desk? 2. Are the pencils in the box? 3. Is the bag on the desk or under it? 4. Is the fountain-pen on the bag or in the bag? 5. Is the notebook in my hand or under it? 6. Are the notebooks on the desk or under it? 7. Are the letters on the book or under it? 8. Where is the picture? 9. Where is the chair? 10. Where are the pens?

  3. 1. Is Dr. Sandford`s family large? 2. Has he wife? 3. What is her name? 4. Has she a sister? 5. Has Dr. Sandford a father? 6. Has he a mother? 7. Has Dr. Sandford a daughter? 8. Has he a son? 9. What is his name? 10. So how many people are there in Dr. Sandford`s family? 11. How old is Dr. Sandford? 12. How old is Helen? 13. How old is Mrs. Sandford? 14. Haw many cousins has Benny? 15. Whose children are Georgie and May? 16. Where are Benny`s cousins?


V. a) Write sentences using there is, there are and the words given below:

1. bus, street; 2. lamp, room; 3.chalk, blackboard; 4. bread, table; 5. tea, tea-pot; 6.coffee, coffee-pot;7. money, bag; 8. paper, box; 9. soap, shelf; 10;water, jug.


VI. a) Rewrite the following in the plural:

1. There is a sentence on the blackboard. 2. Is there a desk in the room?. 3. There is not any book on the table. 4. Is there a dictionary on the chair?. 5. There is a match in the box. 6. There is a girl in the picture. 7. There is no child in their family.


b) Change the sentences using the construction given in Table No. 2 on page 87.

VII. a) Write the interrogative and negative forms of the following sentences:

1. There is a telegram on the table. 2. There is a cinema near our house. 3There are many mistakes in his dictation. 4. There is much paper in his bag. 5. There are two sofas in the room. 6. There are a lot of children in the park today.

b) Express your surprise asking questions as in the model. Note the distribution of sentence stress in the replies.


M o d e l: There is a dog in the room.

Is there? Is therereally a, dog in the room?

I say there, is.


c) Respond to the same statement in the negative.


M o d e l: There is a dog in the room.

Oh, no. There is no dog there.

Are you sure?

Quite.


VIII. The following statements are not true to fact. Correct them.

M o d e l: Doctor Sandford’s family is large.

No, that’s wrong. It’s not large.

1.Doctor Sandford has two sons and one daughter.2. There are seven people in Doctor Savdford’s family.3. Doctor Sandford is eighty. 4. There are many girls and boys for Benny to play with. 5. Benny has no cousins. 6. Benny’s cousins are in Africa. 7. Benny’s cousins are schoolchildren.


IX. Describe Doctor Sandford’s family as if you were Doctor Sandford, his wife or Benny.


X. Work in pairs . Ask your fellow – student logical questions on the given statements and answer them.

M o d e l: There are two tables in the room.

What’s there in the room?

(There are)some tables.

How many (tables are there in it)?

(There are) two.

  1. There is a green notebook on the desk. 2. There is little milk in the bottle.3. The Browns have a very large family.4. My parents are at home. 5. Benny’s cousins are in the North of America.

XI. a) Make questions beginning with What … and How many … and answer them.

M o d e l: 1: What is there in your street?

M o d e l: 2: How many high buildings are there in your street?

1. There are two tables in the room. 2. There are eight notebooks in her bag. 3. There are ninety-five students in the hall. 4. There is a clock on the desk. 5.There are twelve cassette- recorders in the laboratory. 6. There are six sentences in this exercise.

b) Make your own questions on the same models and answer them.


XII. a) Make questions beginning with How much … and answer them.

M o d e l: How much milk is there in the jug?

1.There is a lot of coffee in the coffee- pot. 2. There is a little water in the glass.3. There is too much salt in the soup.4. There is little money in the bag.5. There is a lot of tea in the tea- pot.6. There is not much butter on the plate.


b) Make your own questions on the same model and answer them.

XIII. Translate the following sentences into English:

А. 1. На стене картина. На стене часы. На стене классная доска. На столе картофель. На столе книги. В кувшине молоко. На тарелке масло. На столе соль. На доске (написано) предложение. 2. Картина на стене. Часы на стене. Классная доска на стене. Коробки на столе. Портфели на столе. Книги на столе. Молоко в кувшине. Масло на тарелке. Соль на столе. Предложение (написано) на доске. 3. На столе лампа. Лампа на столе. На столе газеты. Газеты на столе. На улице автомобиль. Автомобиль на улице. У стены диван. Диван у стены. В коробке карандаши. Карандаши в коробке. 4. На стуле нет книги. Книги не на стуле. На стуле нет шляпы. Шляпа не на стуле. На стуле нет тетради. Тетрадь не на стуле. В коробке нет авторучки. Авторучка не в коробке. В сумке нет денег. Деньги не в сумке. 5. В портфеле не три книги, а четыре. В портфеле не пять карандашей, а шесть. В портфеле не две ручки, а одна. 6. Как раз пора обедать. Как раз пора пить чай.

В. 1. Это моя комната. Посредине комнаты стоит стол. На столе кувшин. В кувшине молоко. На тарелке масло. 2. Пусть Бенни садится за стол. Как раз пора завтракать. Молоко в кувшине. Масло на тарелке. Нож около тарелки. Где хлеб? Хлеб в буфете (sideboard). 3. Где журнал? На столе нет журнала. Журнал не на столе, а на стуле. 4. В коробке нет авторучки. Авторучка не в коробке, а в столе. 5. Где деньги, В сумке нет денег. Твои деньги не в сумке. Они на столе. 6. В твоем портфеле много тетрадей ?-Не очень, две или три. –На доске много мела? –Да, я так думаю. 7. На вашей улице много домов? –Да, у нас много красивых новых домов. –В вашем парке много цветов? –Не очень, но они мне очень нравятся.


XIV. Write 4 examples on each of the models.

M o d e l 1:There is a lot of paper in the box.

M o d e l 2: There are a lot of questions to the text.


XV. Translate into English the words given in brackets:

1. There is (много) paper on the desk. 2. There are (много) students in the classroom. 3. There is (немного) milk in the jug.4. There are (много) newspapers on the shelf. 5. There is (много) time left. 6. There is (много) butter on the plate.7. There are (несколько) notebooks in the bag. 8. Give me (немного) water, please. 9. Can you give him (несколько) coloured pencils? 10. May I take (несколько) sheets of paper? 11. There are (много) families in this house.12. I have not (много) money. I cannot buy this coat. 13. There are not (много) sentences in this text. 14. Put (немного) salt into your soup.


Занятия 4,5.

Тема:

Грамматическая. Числительные свыше 100.

Предлоги времени.

N U M E R A L S


101-one hundred and one

245- two hundred and forty-five

359-three hundred and fifty-nine

712-seven hundred and twelve

2 018-two thousand and eighteen

8 541-eight thousand five hundred and forty-one

3 400 936-three million four hundred thousand nine hundred and thirty-six



^ PREPOSITIONS OF TIME


Для указания времени употребляются предлоги at, past, to, from, till.

e.g. Come at five o`clock. Go there at seven. The train arrivers at seven thirty-two. It is half past two. It is a quarter to three. Leave your place at a quarter to six. He is at home from three till four.

I. a) Write down the following numerals in words:


134, 298, 355, 948, 3526, 9011, 193, 561, 7 506 017, 35 616 234.


b) Read the following numerals and telephone numbers quickly:

104, 151, 175, 189, 1012, 1017, 1038, 2568, 4083, 5993, 6410, 10 784, 257 629, 841 403, 2 184 001; 134-86-78, 253-64-92, 289-47-30.


II. Fill in prepositions:

1. Don`t be lare. Come … nine o`clock. 2. What time is it now? It is half … six. 3. We are going to leave … a quarter … ten. 4. It ia twelve o`clock now. Come here in ten minutes, ten minutes … twelve. 5. Is it a quarter … three? In a quarter of an hour, … three o`clock we must be … the University. 6. he must work … seven … eleven o`clock. 7. They live … the North … our country.

III. Translate the following into English using the preposition at:


1. В десять часов. 2. В семь часов. 3. В двенадцать часов. 4. В половине первого. 5. В половине третьего. 6. В половине одиннадцатого. 7. В четверть шестого. 8. В четверть восьмого. 9. В четверть десятого. 10. Без четверти час. 11. Без четверти три. 12. Без четверти четыре. 13. В двадцать минут девятого. 14. Без десяти двенадцать. 15. Без двадцати пяти пять. 16. В десять минут седьмого. 17. Без пять шесть. 18. Без трех минут шесть. 19.Без семи девять. 20. Без двадцати восьми три.

IV. Translate the following sentences into English.


1. Много ли студентов в этой комнате? –Нет, не много. 2. В середине этой комнаты стол. На столе цветы. 3. В нашей квартире пять комнат. Они большие и светлые. 4. Где твой брат? –Он в той комнате. 5. На столе нет хлеба. 6. Наш университет находится недалеко от центра. 7. На этой улице много больших домов. 8. В этой комнате много света. 9. Олег в 105 группе. 10. Нелли в 102 группе. 11. Борис в 501 группе. 12. Читайте текст 9. 13. Сделайте упражнение 2 на доске. 14. У доски нет мела. 15. На столе много ручек, карандашей и тетрадей. 16. Есть ли яблоки на тарелке? 17. Яблоки в корзине. 18. Чашки на столе. 19. Ваш племянник в школе? – Нет, он дома. 20. В нашей группе не десять, а девять студентов. 21. На этом столе много коробок? – Нет, не много. 22. В нашей комнате не три, а четыре окна. 23. Приходите в шесть часов. 24. Возвращайтесь в половине десятого. 25. Джеймс –восьмилетний мальчик, его сестра –шестилетняя девочка. 26. Скажи мне, пожалуйста, твой телефон. –Пожалуйста. Запиши. 338-29-41. 27. Сыну Питера 7 лет. Сестре Артура 15 лет. Бабушке Тома 68 лет.


V. a) Write a short composition about your family (your friend`s family), the family of a well-known person you are interested in.

VI. a) Bring your family photo in class and get ready to tell your fellow-students of all the members of your family. b) Ask and answer questions on the photo. Describe it.


VII. Прочитайте предложения, употребив нужные по смыслу слова: seconds, a day, minutes, a week.

1. Sixty ... make an hour. 2. Sixty ... make a minute. 3. Twenty-four hours make ... 4. Seven days make ...


IX. Напишите следующие указания времени словами.

Н а п р и м е р: 8.10 –It`s ten minutes past eight.

4.15; 6.20; 7.30; 9.55; 11.45; 12.05.


X. a) Обратите внимание на употребление предлогов времени.

winter, spring, summer, autumn

in January, February, March, April ... December

the morning, the afternoon, the evening.


Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,

on Saturday, Sunday

the first of May


XI. a) Write the following numerals in words:

395, 745, 1950, 13 408, 282 867, 345 296, 5 712 133.


  1. Read the following numerals:

273, 1882, 19 30 016, 55 744, 81 614, 389 107, 6 271 398.


Занятие 6.

Laboratory work.


Занятие 7.

Тема:

Текст: Our English Lesson.


Грамматическая: Глагол will для выражения просьбы.


Will употребляется для выражения просьбы:

Will you close the door? –Закройте, пожалуйста, дверь.


^ OUR ENGLISH LESSON

T e a c h e r: Good moming, all! Sit down, please! I expect no one is away?

M o n i t o r: Nobody is. All are present. Oh, sorry, Ann is not here.

T e a c h e r: What`s up? Is she ill?

M o n i t o r: It`s flu with a high temperature.

T e a c h e r: That`s too bad. Well now. Let`s begin. We`ll check our homework. Mike, will you take your exercise –book and come to the board?

M i k e:Shall I write the words in transcription?

T e a c h e r: Do. And you, Helen, read Text 7, will you? The others should write down the mistakes if she has any. Do you follow me? Will you read a little louder, please. That`ll do. Any mistakes noticed?

J u l i a: I believe there`s some palatalization in the nouns “family” and “Benny”.

T e a c h e r:That`s it. Please, Helen, pronounce the words. Now it`s correct. You must work more. Pronunciation is your weak point, I`m afraid

H e l e n : Shall I read the text again for the next time?

T e a c h e r: Yes. Have another try and make your reading more distinct. Now everybody look at the board!

M i k e: Shall I read the exercise?

T e a c h e r: Of course. (Mike reads). Is everything correct, Pete?

P e t e : I think it is.

T e a c h e r: Thank you, Mike. Clean the board, please, and go to your seat. ( To the monitor). Have we got the headphones?

M o n i t o r: Here they are.

T e a c h e r: Fine. Let`s listen to the new text. Open your books at page 81. Will you please switch on the cassette-recorder? Thank you.

V O C A B U L A R Y N O T E S

I expect= I believe = I think

To be away

from- отсутствовать

To be absent

Обратите внимание на отсутствие оглушения звука [b] в слове absent.

To be present присутствовать ( на лекции, собрании и т.д.)

What`s up? Что случилось?

Temperature температура

That`s too bad. Очень жаль.

To check (go through) the homework проверять домашнее задание

Exercise-book тетрадь

Transcription транскрипция. Shall I write it in transcription? ( Следует ли) написать его в транскрипции? Форма Shall I…? Соответствует русской конструкции вопроса, начинающегося с инфинитива глагола. Запомните: Shall I read? Начинать? Shall I read? Читать? Shall I open the window? Открыть окно?

Обратите внимание на употребление количественных числительных после существительных: Read Text 7. Write Exercise 3. Артикль в этом случае на употребляется, а исключением слова page:

Find page 81.

To write (put) down записывать

To follow следовать: зд. Слушать

Louder громче. Предложение Will you read louder? Выражает просьбу, несмотря на его вопросительную конструкцию.

That`ll do. Достаточно.

Noticed отмеченный, замеченный

Palatalization смягчение, палатализация

That`s it. Вот именно.

To pronounce произносить: pronunciation произношение

Weak point слабое место

Have another try попытайтесь ( попробуйте) еще раз

Distinct отчетливый

Headphones наушники, головной телефон

Here they are. Вот они!

To switch on включать: to switch off выключать

Cassette-recorder ( tape-recorder) магнитофон


I. Переведите на русский язык:

Will you open your suit-case?

Will you fill in this form? (бланк)

Will you weigh in your luggage?

Will you book 3 tickets to Bristol?

Will you fasten your belt?


II. Попросите:

Зарегистрировать свой билет, оплатить сверхнормативный багаж, вызвать стюардессу, заполнить карточку прибытия, забронировать двойной номер.


Занятия 8,9.


Тема:

Грамматическая. Модальные глаголы. can, may, must


Модальные глаголы (Modal Verbs)

В английском языке имеется группа глаголов, которые называются модальными или недостаточными. В эту группу входят глаголы:

Can [kæn] могу, умею

May [mei]могу, мне позволено, разрешено

Must [mλst] должен.

Недостаточными они называются потому, что имеют только некоторые личные формы и совсем не имеют неличных форм ( инфинитива, причастий и герундия), а поэтому не имеют никаких сложных глагольных форм.

Ни один из этих глаголов не имеет окончания –s в 3-м лице единственного числа настоящего времени (Present lndefinite). Самостоятельно эти глаголы не употребляются. За ними всегда следует другой глагол в инфинитиве без частицы to:


I can speak English. Я умею говорить по-английски.

You may sit down. Вы можете сесть (я вам разрешаю).


^

STUDY THE FOLLOWING


MODAL VERBS

Table No.1

Can

a)

I

He (She)

We

You

They



can(cannot,can’t)

write it in transcription.

read louder.

write Exercise 5.

read English.

b)



Can

I

he (she)

we

you

they

write it in transcription?

read louder?

write Exercise 5?

read English?


e.g. Can you read louder? - Yes, I can.

No, I can’t.

Note. Обратите внимание на слитное написание отрицательной формы глагола can: cannot.

Table No.2

May

a)

I

He (She)

We

You

They



may (may not)


take the exercise- book.

stay at home.

take the headphones.


b)



May

I

he (she)

we

you

they

take the exercise- book?

stay at home?

take the headphones?


e.g. May I stay at home? - Do, please. Yes, you may. – I am afraid not.

No, you mustn’t.

Note. В отрицательной форме глагол must означает категорическое запрещение.


Table No.3

Must


a)

I

He (She)

We

You

They



must (must not)



forget it.

listen to him.

read this book.


b)



Must

I

he (she)

we

you

they


repeat the nouns?

read this book?

translate the story?


e.g. Must I read this book? – Yes, you must.

No, you needn’t.

Note. В отрицательных ответах на вопросы с глаголом must используется отрицательная форма другого модального глагола need-needn`t обозначающая необязательность выполнения действия.


I. a) Study Substitution Tables No. 1, 2, 3 and compose as many sentences as you can. Let the members of the class ask and answer questions as in the model. Give a short answer using contracted forms and add a sentence of your own.

M o d e l: May I stay at home on Saturday?

You needn`t do it now.


b) Respond to the negative sentences of your fellow-student as in the model. Use contracted forms in speech.


M o d e l: I can`t write Exercise Three.

You needn`t do it now.


II. a) Write the interrogative and negative forms of the following sentences:

1. She can spell the noun correctly. 2. You may take your exercise-book. 3. He can write this in transcription. 4. There are some mistakes in her dictation. 5. My sister has got two interesting magazines. 6. Doctor Sandford is busy in his study. 7. Spelling is her weak point.


b) Express your surprise at the given statement as in the model.

M o d e l: You may take those pencils.

Oh, may I?

Of course, you may.

c) Respond to the same statement in the negative.

M o d e l: You may take those pencils.

Oh, no. I’m afraid , I may not take them.

III. Answer the following questions:

A.1) Can you speak English well? 2. Can you speak French well? 3.Can you understand Spanish? 4. Can you count the chairs in this room? 5. Can we write without a pen or a pencil? 6. What can we do with a fountain – pen? 7. May I take your text -book? 8.May Helen leave the classroom? 9. May we go to the pictures? 10. Must we speak English now? 11. What must we have if we want to want to buy something? 12. What must we have if we want to want to write a letter? 13. What must we use if we want to wash our hands? 14. What must you do when you have flu? 15. What must you do to make your reading distinct?


B). Is this your pen or mine? 2. Whose bag is this? 3.Is this watch yours or mine? 4. Is that watch hers or his? 5. Is this your room or theirs? 6. Is this box yours or ours? 7. Is this your desk or their desk? 8. Is this notebook mine or yours? 9. Is this cassette – recorder ours or theirs?


C). 1.How many students are there in your group? 2. How many students are absent? 3. How many students are present? 4. Who is the monitor in your group? 5. What is the monitor’s name? 6. Have you got any bag? 7. Where is your bag? 8. Have you got a ball – pen? Is it a good one? What colour is it? 9. Is there much chalk at the board? 10. Have you many books at home? 11. Are there Russian or English books in your bag? 12. Have you got a watch? Is it right or wrong? 13. Is Nina’s watch fast or slow? 14. Is Arman’s dress black or brown? 15. Is Samat’s boll – pen green or yellow?


IV. Work in pairs. Ask your fellow- student logical questions on the given statements and answer them. Use the modal verbs:

1.We have got headphones for the whole group.2. Everybody must go to the laboratory today. 3. Mary can help us with the cassette- recorder.


V. Fill in the missing modal verbs:

1. You …go out today. It`s too cold. 2. … I take your fountain-pen? –Do, please. 3. We … not carry the bookcase upstairs. It is too heavy. 4. When … you come to see us? –I … come only tomorrow. 5. Shall l write a letter to him? –No, you …, it is not necessary. 6. Mary … finish the work at once. 7. … you cut something without a knife? 8. Peter … return the book to the library. We all want to read it. 9. Why … not you understand it? It is so easy. 10. … we do the exercise at once? 11. … you pronounce this sound?


VI. a) Write sentences according to the following models using the words and word combinations given below.


M o d e l 1: Let`s begin our morning exercises.

read the text; write on the blackboard; do the exercises; speak to the dean.

M o d e l 2: Shall I write it in transcription?


Clean the blackboard; bring some chalk; do my homework; answer your question; spell the noun; press the button; pronounce it.


M o d e l 3. Listen to the new song.

The teacher; your fellow –students; the radio, the story; the text; the tune; the cassette-recorder; the actor.


M o d e l 4. Look at the clock.

The picture; the house; the blackboard; the bird; the child; the lamp; the cup; the plate.

b) Give sentences of your own using the same models.

c) Make up micro – dialogues, as in the following models. Use the above – mentioned words and word combinations. Give short answers. Add a sentence or two of your own.

M o d e l 1: Let’s begin our morning exercises.

Yes, let’s. (I’m afraid I can’t.) In half an hour we must have

breakfast.

M o d e l 2: Shall I write it in transcription?

Do, please. ( No, you needn’t.) We are to discuss it then.


M o d e l: 3: Let’s listen to the new song.

I’d love to. I’m fond of folk songs.

M o d e l: 4. Look at the clock.

Oh, it’s beautiful (lovely, ugly, etc.). I’d like to have one.


VII. a) Ask your fellow – student for permission …

To go out; to come in; to open the window; to take the newspaper; to read; to go

home; to begin reading; to close the door.

(The person you ask must give any of the following answers: Certainly. You may. Do , please. I’m afraid not. You mustn’t.)


M o d e l: May I speak to the dean? – You may.

May I leave now? – I’m afraid not.

b) Give your permission to perform the actions given above.


M o d e l: You may speak to the dean.


c) Ask your fellow – students to perform the actions given above. Don’t forget to be polite.

M o d e l: Speak to the dean, please. (Will you speak to the dean?)


d) Ask your fellow – students to perform the actions given above.


M o d e l: Please, do not smoke here.


VIII. Arrange short dialogues using modal verbs.

M o d e l: 1. May I take your pencil?- I’m afraid not, I needn,t it.

Have you got a pen?- Yes, I have. –May I take it? – Certainly.

(Of course, you may.)

2. Can you come to see us tonight? – Sorry, I can’t, but I can

come tomorrow . All right.

3. Shall (must) I read this exercise once more? No, you needn’t.

That will do. Your reading is quite good.


IX. Write a short description of your classroom using the construction there is, there are.


X. Act as a teacher of English. Ask your pupils:

1.to clean the blackboard: to use the duster: to bring some chalk: 2. to tell you the date: to write it on the date; to write it on the board; not to stand in front of the board; 3. to come up to your desk; to read the text; not to go so fast;to go to his place;4. to check home-work; to correct the pronunciation or spelling of some word; 5. to collect the exercise – books and to hand them in; 6. to switch on the cassette – recorder; to listen to the text; 7. to wind (play) it back; to switch off the cassette – recorder; 8. to have another try and read distinctly.


XI. Опровергните высказывания и дополните их.

Н а п р и м е р: Mary can dance well. –Mary cannot dance well. She can sing well.


1. Pete can drive a tractor. 2. His little sister can walk. 3. The children can carry this box. 4. My friend can come in time. 5. This old weak woman can sleep at night. 6. The pupils can be late. 7. His sister can cook dinner. 8. The nurse can speak English.


XII. Закончите предложения.

Н а п р и м е р: I can dance, but ... –I can dance, but I can`t sing. I can dance, but my brother can`t dance.


1. I can sing English songs, but ... 2. The driver can drive a bus, but ... 3. Helen can cook dinner, but ... 4. Peter can walk fast, but ... 5. Ann can prepare food for the table, but ...


XIII. Ответьте на вопросы, разрешая или не разрешая выполнить действия.

Н а п р и м е р: May I come in? –Yes, you may. (No, you can`t)

1. May I go to the post office with Mike? 2. May I take Pete`s bag? 3. May we make notes with a pencil? 4. May Ann read this text? 5. May I shut the door? 6. May I clean the blackboard? 7. May I rest on the sofa? 8. May I take your pen? 9. May I open the window? 10. May I invite Nice to our house?

XIV. Прослушайте “A Rhyme” а затем произнесите за диктором в паузы.

A RHYME


Without your tongue you cannot talk,

Without your feet you cannot walk,

Without your eyes you cannot see,

Without your heart you cannot be!


  1. Прочитайте «A Rhyme» про себя

  2. Прочитайте «A Rhyme» вслух

  3. Выучите «A Rhyme» наизусть.


Занятие 10.

^ TOPICAL VOCABULARY

Classroom Expressions

to have classes, after classes, to to give (to set, to check) homework

stay away from classes

Do you have classes on Saturday? to collect (to hand in) exercise-books

Good morning! Good afternoon! (homework)

Good –bye! to give in (to give out, to hand out)

Sit down. Go to your pace. papers

Stand up! Take your seat Come (up) to the blackboard!

Who is on duty today? to clean the blackboard

Is anybody absent today? Wipe the work (sentence) off.

What`s the pronunciation (spelling) Let the others see the board.

of the word? Don`t stand in front of the board.

Is this right (correct, wrong)? Speak up!

Go on reading (writing, retell- Ask questions on (about) the text.

ing) Put questions to the sentence.

Don`t go fast! May I ask you a question?

What date is it today? May I say it this way?

What`s the date today? May I put it like this?

May I go out? to make a mistake, to correct

Shall I read (begin, answer your mistakes

question)? How long is it before the bell?

What`s the English (Russian) break, in break

for...? at the Dean`s office

Will you repeat it? Can you group register: time-table; list of

(could you) repeat it? students

Will you pronounce (translate, chalk; duster, to wet the duster

spell) it? head (ear) phones

Will you say it again (once more)? To switch on (switch off) the cas-

Please, pronounce (translate, sette-recorder (tape-recorder)

spell) it. to wind back = to rewind the

That will do. tape = to play ( back) the tape

Stop talking. Silence, please. to plug in, to unplug, to switch on,

Keep silent. To switch off

No helping (whispering), please. The lesson is over.

to write a test a (student`s) record book

to do homework orally (in written an examination card

from, in writing)


I. Translate the following into English using classroom expression:

1. Кто сегодня дежурный? –Елена. Сегодня кого-нибудь нет? –Да. Трех студентов нет. 2. Никто сегодня не отсутствует. Все девять студентов сегодня здесь. 3. Виктор здесь? –Нет, он отсутствует. 4. Какое сегодня число? –15 октября. 5. Можно задать вам вопрос? –Пожалуйста –Где комната № 48? –Я не могу ответит на ваш вопрос. Спросите, пожалуйста, секретаря. 6. Как по-английски «наушники» («письменный стол», «палатализация»)? 7. Включить магнитофон? –Да, пожалуйста. Включить магнитофон? –Нет, подождите немного. Мне начинать читать? –Да. Стереть с доски? –Пожалуйста. Открыть окно? –Нет, не надо. Прочитать это предложение снова? –Да, пожалуйста. 8. Читайте громче, пожалуйста. Говорите громче, пожалуйста. Пойте громче, пожалуйста. Достаточно. 9. Повторите предложение два раза. Прочтите текст три раза. 10. Давай пойдем в деканат во время перерыва. Давай исправим ошибки в диктанте. 11. Не принесете ли вы классный журнал (мел, тряпку, список студентов, наушники)? 12. Вы можете сделать это упражнение сегодня? –Да. Вы можете написать текст сегодня? –Нет. Я не могу написать текст сегодня. 13. Эти упражнения трудны. Повторите их. Эти тексты легкие. Вам незачем повторять их.14. Можете садиться (идти, начинать читать).15. Продолжайте читать (писать, говорить, работать). 16. Тише, пожалуйста. Занятие не окончено. Сколько времени до звонка? –Только две минуты. 17. Как произносится слово «палатализация» («транскрипция», «оглушение»)? 18. Как пишется слово «произношение» («журнал», «достаточно», «отвечать»)? 19. Поставьте вопросы к тексту. 20. Не подсказывайте, пожалуйста. 21. Сдайте тетради, пожалуйста. 22. Сначала поставьте кассету, а затем включите магнитофон. 23. А теперь, пожалуйста, перемотайте кассету. 24. У вас есть занятия в пятницу? –Да, есть, но они кончаются рано. 25. Можно Бобу не ходить в школу сегодня? –Нельзя. Он должен идти в школу. 26. Попробуйте еще раз и читайте громче.


II. Stage a dialogue between a teacher and a student using classroom expressions:

1. beginning a lesson; 2. checking homework; 3. reading the text; 4. writing on the blackboard; 5. listening to the cassette-recorder; 6. giving homework.


Занятие 11. Laboratory work.


Занятия 12,13.

Тема: Doctor Sandford’s house


Doctor Sandford’s house is not large, but it is comfortable and well – planned. It is a small two – storeyed cottage.

In front of the house there is a green lawn and a lot of flowers. Behind it there is a little orchard with a few fruit trees in it. On the ground floor there is a kitchen, a pantry, a dining – room, a cosy sitting – room and Sandford’s study. There are also several rooms upstairs on the first floor: the Sandford’s bedrooms, Grandmother’s room, which is also Benny’s nursery, Betty’s room and the bathroom.

The furniture is modern and quite new. But Doctor Sandford says he must pay a lot of money for the house and the furniture. He must pay the money for many years before he can call the house his own.


^ Vocabulary notes


comfortable удобный

well – planned хорошо спланированный

two – storeyed двух - этажный

cottage коттедж, загородный дом

in front of перед чем - либо

lawn лужайка, газон

orchard фруктовый сад

the ground floor первый этаж

kitchen кухня

pantry кладовая

dining – room столовая; living – room общая комната (в семье)

cosy уютный

sitting – room гостиная

study кабинет

several несколько

upstairs вверху, вверх

bedroom спальная

nursery детская

bathroom ванная комната

furniture мебель; built – in furniture встроенная мебель

modern современный, модный

own собственный


I. Answer the following questions:

  1. 1. Is Doctor Sandford`s house large? 2. What is there in front of the house and behind it? 3. What rooms are there in the house? 4. What kind of furniture is there in the house? 5. Is it Doctor Sandford`s own house?

  2. 1. Is your flat large or small? 2. How many rooms are there in your flat? 3. What do you call a room people sleep in? 4. What do you call a room people have meals in? 5. What do you call a room where a person studies, reads, writes, etc? 6. What do you call a room where children sleep, play and have meals? 7. What do you call a room where people spend time after dinner or supper (where quests are received)? 8. What do you call a room where food is cooked? 9. What do you call a room where food is kept? 10. Is your flat comfortable and cosy? 11. There is a green lawn in front of your house, isn`t there? 12. Are there any fruit trees in your garden? 13. Is your house old or new? 14. What colour are the walls in your flat? 15. What articles of furniture are there in your parents’ bedroom (the dining-room, your father`s study, your own room)? 16. There are many new houses in your street, aren`t there? 17. Have you got a rubbish chute in you flat to carry rubbish down? 18. Have you got built-in furniture in your flat? 19. Has she got a unit in her room?

  3. 1. Can you read English? 2. Can you speak French? 3. Who can answer my question? 4. Where can I find this book? 5. You can transcribe this word, can`t you? 6. You can`t speak German, can you? 7. May I ask you a few questions? 8. May I go out? 9. May I open the window? 10. May I take your book? 11. Must I translate this text? 12. Must we learn this poem by heart? 13. Must I put this book into the desk? 14. What must I read now? 15. (At) What time must I come home? 16. We can`t go to the skating-rink at four, can we?


II. a) Find a picture on the topic “The Flat I Live in” for your discussion in class. Prepare 8-10 questions which would help your fellow-students to describe the picture. b) Ask another student or the students of your group in turn about the flat they live in. c) Ask your friend what pieces of furniture there are in his sitting-room. Ask your fellow-student a few questions about his new flat. d) Suggest a situation for your fellow-students to give it in the form of a dialogue.


III. a) Speak on the topic “The Flat I Live in”. b) Make up short dialogues on the topic. c) Describe the rooms in the memorial house of some distinguished person (a writer, a composer) you have lately visited. d) Describe the flat you live in or your friend lives in.


Занятие 14.

Тема:


Грамматическая: Повествовательное предложение в косвенной речи с глаголом to say.


^ STUDY THE FOLLOWING

Table No. 1.


STATEMENTS IN INDIRECT SPEECH


I

We

You

They

say

tell him



(that)

he is a good student.

she can speak English well.

the students must work more at their pronunciation.

Tom must be in Room No. 7.

He

She

says

tells me


I. a) Use the following sentences in indirect speech according to the given model. Make all the necessary changes.


M o d e l: Bob says: “I can skate well”. –Bob says he can skate well.


b) Imagine you are telling someone about what is said in the sentences below. Your fellow-student is to express agreement as in the model.


M o d e l: He says he has no earphones.-No, he hasn`t.


1.He says: “This sentence is not difficult”. 2. Mary says: “There is only one window in our classroom”. 3. John says: “There aren`t many fruit trees in our Institute garden”. 4. Betty says: “Doctor Sandford isn`t in”. 5. Doctor Sandford says: “My family is not large”. 6. Helen says: “I have only one son”. 7. Mrs. Sandford says: “Benny is an only child in the family”. 8. Benny says: “Our house is not large”. 9. The student says: “I cannot speak English well”. 10. Betty says: “I must learn many poems by heart” 11. The teacher says: “It is two o`clock. Our classes are over”. 12. The mother says: “Tom must come home at a quarter to three”. 13. The father says: “I must work till late at night today”. 14. Bob says: “I can come in the morning”. 15. Nick says: “My sister is married to a sailor”.


II. Write in words:

  1. 122, 2 489, 1 963, 1 844; 11 389, 20 856; 119 922.

  2. M o d e l: 3.15-It`s a quarter past three.

5.05; 3.25; 6.30; 3.35; 11.40; 10.15; 9.20; 5.10; 4.45; 7.05; 7.55; 8.50.


III. a) Form all possible questions to which the following sentences are the answers. b) Each sentence states a certain fact. Fine some more details about it by asking questions. Work in pairs:

1. There are eight fruit trees in our garden. 2. Mr. Sandford is the head of the family. 3. I can answer this question. 4. My brother can speak French. 5. You may ring me up tonight. 6. We may go home now. 7. They must prepare this poem for phonetic reading. 8. I must work much at my pronunciation. 9. On the right you can see a standard-lamp.


IV. Fill in the missing words:

1. There is no … in my flat. 2. There are many fruit trees in our … . 3. There is a green … in front of his Institute. 4. Where is your father? –He is working in the … .5. My sister`s room is very … .6. Is this your … book? 7. The furniture in my brother`s room is quite … .8. The floor is covered with a beautiful thick … . 9. A … serves to carry rubbish down.


V. a) Ask your fellow-student questions on pictures on p. 114-115. (Аракин). Work in pairs. b) Describe the pictures.


^ VI. Fill in prepositions if necessary:

1. It is a quarter … ten (10.15). 2. I must get up … half past six. 3. He must be back … half … an hour. 4. May I come … an hour? 5. You needn`t work late … night. 6. May I finish this translation … the morning? 7. What`s the time … your watch? – It is half … nine.-Your watch is slow, I am afraid. You must set it right. It is already a quarter … ten. 8. Picture No. 6. is … page 20. 9. Where is Ann?-She must be … home. 10. Which day … the week is Sunday? 11. It`s time … a break, I believe. 12. Open your books … page 98.

VII. Change the following sentences using the given model.

M o d e l: Can you show me the room of your sister?

Can you show me your sister’s room?

1. May I see the book of John? 2. Will you come to the birthday party of my daughter? 3.You must read all the novels by Dickens. 4. He must check the work of his students. 5. Who can tell me the address of the Smiths? 6. There are all modern conveniences in the flat of my mother-in-low. 7. May I have a book from the library of your father? 8. Where can I listen to the music of Prokofiev? 9. Is there any built-in furniture in the flat of your cousin ?

VIII. Fill in the missing modal verbs:

1. My sister can read English but she … not read German. 2. Who … recite this poem? 3. … I smoke here? – I am afraid not. 4. … I play for these books at once? – No, you needn’t. You … pay for them in a day or two. 5. The lesson is over. We … go home now. 6. … I take your dictionary? – Do, please. 7. Must we translate this article in class? – No, you … , you’ll do it at home. 8. You … find our dean upstairs. 9. … I see your father’s study? 10. What kind of furniture … you see in the sitting- room? 11. You … take a cold shower every morning. 12. … I come to see you tomorrow at ten o`clock? 13. … you do this translation in the morning? 14. I … be at the Institute at eight. 15. It is dark. You … draw the curtains.


^ IX. Think of stimulating phrases to the phrases below are the replies:

1. Do, please. (Yes, please). 2. I am afraid not. 3. No, you (he, she, they) mustn`t. 4. No, you needn`t. 5. Yes, I (she, he, we, they) can. 6. No, I (she, he, we, whey) can`t. 7. That`s too bad.


^ X. Supply short replies stimulating further talk. Work in pairs.

M o d e l: You can go now.-,Can I?

1. You can stop here. 2. You may rest in the garden. 3. You must telephone him at once. 4. You can turn off the gas. 5. You may listen to the radio. 6. You may stay with us. 7. You must go to the lab today. 8. You must read the text again. 9. You can go home now.


^ XI. Translate the sentences into English:

1. Перед нашим домом много цветов. 2. Наша квартира на втором этаже. 3. Можно мне поговорить с вами сейчас, или я должна прийти завтра? 4. Могу ли я купить этот приемник? 5. Квартире моей сестры очень удобная и уютная. 6. Есть ли в вашей квартире кладовая?-Нет.7. В этой квартире две комнаты и кухня. 8. Можно ли детям пойти на каток? –Нет, уже слишком поздно. 9. Могу ли я поговорить с преподавателем? –Да. 10. Должна ли я отвечать вам сейчас? –Нет. Вы можете это сделать завтра. 11. В спальне моих родителей две кровати, кресло, два стула и туалетный столик. 12. У вас есть телевизор? –Нет. –А холодильник Да, есть. 13. Вы можете почистить (to clean) ковер пылесосом. Это очень легко. 14. Мне нравится мебель в вашей квартире. Она совсем новая и вполне современная. Вы должны только купить ковер и торшер для столовой. 15. Я живу в новом доме. В нашей квартире есть все удобства: электричество, газ, водопровод, центральное отопление, мусоропровод и телефон. 16. В вашей ванной комнате есть зеркало? 17. У вас дома есть английский книги? –Нет. 18. Вы не можете мне позвонить (to ring up)?- У меня нет телефона. 19. Вы должны исправить все ошибки в переводе. 20. Кто муж твоей сестры? –Он врач. 21. На ком женат твой брат ?- Он женат на моей приятельнице – Как ее зовут? –(Ее зовут) Елена. –Сколько ей лет? –(Ей) двадцать лет. –Кто она по профессии? –(Она) машинистка. 22. В вашей саду есть цветы? –Нет, в нашем саду нет цветов, но есть несколько фруктовых деревьев. 23. Есть ли студенты в комнате 20? – Нет.. Они должны прийти туда через полчаса. 24. Который сейчас час? –Половина шестого. –Вашей часы спешат. Сейчас только четверть шестого. 25. У меня есть немного свободного времени. Я могу пойти на каток. 26. На столе есть молоко? Да, немного.


XII. Fill in some, no, (not) any, (not) much, little, a little, (not) many, few, a few, a lot of:

1. I have … work today. 2. I should like to have … milk for breakfast. 3. Mary has … friends at the Institute. 4. There are … boys in Group Two. 5. Can you give me … English books? 6. Are there … fruit trees in your orchard? 7. I have … spare time today. 8. Who can give the boy … pencils? 9. I must ask you … questions about your studies away from the lesson? 10. Have I … mistakes in spelling? 11. Are … students away from the lesson? 12. I hope, I have … mistakes in my translation.


Занятия 15. Контрольные вопросы.

1. Тексты: 1) Doctor Sandford`s Family.

  1. Предложения с вводным there

  2. Числительные свыше 100

  3. Предлоги времени

  4. Глагол will для выражения просьбы.

  5. Модальные глаголы; Can, May, Must.

  6. Classroom Expressions

  7. Текст: Doctor Sandford`s House.

  8. Повествовательное предложение в косвенной речи с глаголам to say.

  9. Текст: Our English Lesson.


Кредит № 5

Занятия 1,2,3,4.


Тема: Text. MR. WHITE COMES AGAIN


Грамматическая: The Present Indefinite Tense. Общий вопрос в косвенной речи. Предлоги времени.


^ MR. WHITE COMES AGAIN

It is Saturday afternoon. Doctor Sandford is in his study. Betty knocks.

“Come in, please. What is it, Betty?”

“Mr. White wants to see you, Henry”

“Well, yes. Show him in please”. (Mr. White enters).

“Good afternoon. doctor”.

“Good afternoon, Mr. White”.

“I`m terribly sorry to trouble you”.

“That`s all right. Glad to see you. Sit down, please. What can I do for you?”




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