Table No. 1
DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADVERBS
The Positive Degree
One road leads to London,
One road runs to Wales,
My road leads me seawards
To the white dipping sails.
One road leads to river
As it goes singing slow.
My road leads to shipping
Where the bronzed sailors go.
My road calls me, lures me
West , east, south and north,
Most roads lead men homewards
My road leads me forth.
Slowly, fast, hard, badly, much, well, early, far, near, often, late, quietly, easily, little, warmly, seriously, comfortably, quickly.
II. a) Put the adverbs in brackets in the correct place:
1.(never) Alex is late for his classes. 2. (usually) He has dinner at two o`clock. 3.(seldom) I go to bed before twelveo`clok.4 . (often) I speak Spanish with my mother. 5. (always)He works in the lab after his lessons. 6.(still) Do you think that She is ill? 7. (already) I think she is at home. 8. (sometimes)I see him in the library.
III. Put the adjectives in brackets in the required degree of comparison:
1.Asia is (large) than Australia. 2.The Volga is (short) than the Mississippi. 3. Mary is a (good) student than Lucy. 4. There are (few) mistakes in my dictation than in yours. 5.This garden is the (beautiful) in our town. 6. The Arctic Ocean is (cold) than the Indian Ocean. 7. Chinese is (difficult ) than English . 8. Spanish is (easy) than German . 9. Let`s go to the (far)corner of the park. That is the (quiet) place here.
M o d e l : It`s a bad mistake. She feels bad today.
fast, early, late, hard, long, far, low, well, quick.
hard – hardly , near – nearly, close – closely.
VI. Fill in prepositions if necessary:
1.When we go … foreign countries we see and lean a lot … things. 2.She says she likes to go … the Caucasus … winter. 3. Japan is a country … the western part .. . the Pacific Ocean. It consists … many islands , large and small. Some … them are only a few miles long. 4. The Crimea is … the South … our country . 5. My sister lives … the Far East. 6. The Baltic Sea is … the West. 7. show us the longest river … Russia …the map. 8. Slovakia is … the centre … Europe. 9. St. Petersburg is … the north-west … Moscow .10.Thousands … student … all nationalities study …the institutes … our country .11. One … the students … our group is …Rumania? 13. What language do they speak … Bulgaria.
VII. Fill in the definite or indefinite article if necessary:
1. …Russia occupies …eastern half of …Europe and …northern third …of Asia.
2. …climate of …northern part of …Russia is severe. 3.In …European part Russia …summer is warm and sunny. 4.This winter is …true Russian winter with hard frosts. 5.It is warm all ..year round in …Crimea and …Cancasus.6…Commonwealth of Independent State is one of …biggest countries of…whole world.7.Tbilisi is…capital of …Georgia. 8.I want to go …Alma-Ata some day. 9…best way to know and understand …people of other countries is to meet them in their own homes. 10.Is Australia…island or …continent? 11…Black Sea is in …South. 12.There are six continents in …world, aren’t there? 13.France is to …northwest of Italy.
VIII. Let the members of the class ask answer questions as in the models. Give a short answer and add a sentence of your own using adverbs in the comparative and the superlative degree.
Model 1: Does she speak Spanish more fluently than her friend? Oh yes, she does. Of all the students in our group she speaks most fluently.
Model: 2: He doesn’t go to bed later than you , does he? No, he doesn’t. He goes to bed earliest of all, (or: But he does. He goes to bed latest of all.)
IX. Form questions to the following statements:
1.Russia is a very large country. 2.There are more than 100 nationalities in the CIS. 3.In the North of our country winter is very cold. 4.There are a lot of rivers and lakes in the North of Russia.
X. Answer the following questions:
1.How many oceans can you see on the map? What are they? 2.Is the Pacific the largest ocean in the world? 3.Which is the largest ocean in the world? 4.Does the Pacific Ocean wash Western Europe? 5.Which ocean washes Western Europe? Which ocean washes the northern part of Europe? 7.Which ocean washes Eastern Asia? 8.What two American continents do you know? 9.What other continents do you know? 10.Is Australia a continent or an island? 11.Is Ireland an island or a continent? 12.The Alps are higher than the Urals, aren’t they? 13.What are the highest mountains in Europe? 14.The Mississippi is the longest river in the world, isn’t it? 15.Is the Thames as long as the Mississippi? 16.Which is the longest river in the world? 17.Is the Black Sea in the South? 18.Is the Baltic Sea in the South too?Where is it? 19.Is the White Sea in the North or in the South? 20.Is the United States in North or in South America? 21.Is Japan in the West or in the East? 22.Is Italy in the South or in the North of Europe? 23.What is the capital of Bulgaria (Hungary, Rumania)? 24.What language do the Spaniards (the Japanese) speak?
XI. Look at the map of the world, show and name all the continents, oceans, seas, countries and other geographical names you know.
XII. Make up short dialogues on the topic: “At the Map of the World”. Use conversational phrases.
XIII. Change the following sentences from direct into indirect speech:
1.The pupil asks: “Is the United States in North America?” 2.The student asks: “Is the Volga longer than the Thames? 3.The pupil asks: “Is the Thames as long as the Volga? 4.My friend asks me: “Is the Baltic Sea cold?” 5.The teacher asks: “Is Budapest in Hungary?”6.The teacher says: “The Indian Ocean is warmer than the Arctic Ocean.”7.Betty says: “My father speaks two foreign languages: German and
French.”8.The teacher says: “London is the capital of Great Britain.”9.The teacher says: “Betty speaks German better than Mary.”10.My friend asks: “Does Mary speak
Italian?”12.The teacher says: “Japanese is a difficult language?”13.The student asks:
“Is Japanese more difficult than Russian?”14.The pupil asks: “Is Prague the capital of
Czechia?”15.The teacher asks me: “Can you spell the word ‘Mississippi’?”
XIV. a) Fill in much better:
1.He knows French …than German.2.He can do it …than she.3.He writers dictations…than his friends.
b)Give sentences of your own using the same model.
XV. Replace the part of the model in bold type by the following:
Model 1: Let me introduce you to my friends.
my mother, my teacher, my sister, my cousin, my father- in-law.
Model 2: I am ever so glad to meet you.
to see you, to listen, to you, to do it for you, to join you.
Model 3: Would you join my fellow-students?
our group, my friends, our company, my family.
Model 4: What’s his (her, their) nationality?
He is (a) Russian
Greek, Armenian, English, …
Model 5: The Russians live in Russia
Poland, England, Spain, France, …
Model 6: What country (republic) are you (she, they) from?
I come (am) from Estonia.
Latvia, Spain, France, …
XVI. Translate the following sentences into English:
1.В дни праздников Москва выглядит особенно красиво.2.Является ли 8 Марта традиционным интернациональным праздником? 3.Хотели бы вы встретить Новый год с нами? 4.Известный певец принимает участие в нашем конкурсе. 5.Вид из окна моей комнаты великолепен. 6. Когда темнеет, люди выходят на улицы смотреть иллюминацию.7.В праздничные дни в Москве много иностранных гостей. Они гуляют по городу, разговаривают с русскими людьми.8.Вы принимаете участие в работе нашего английского клуба? 9.В нашей группе учатся студенты из разных городов России.10.Моя подруга знает
немецкий язык гораздо лучше, чем я.11.Он говорит по-итальянски плохо, но понимает почти все. 12.На каком иностранном языке говорит ваша подруга?13.Разрешите мне познакомить вас с моей мамой.14.Я вижу стройную черноволосую девушку у окна. Как ты думаешь, кто она по национальности? –Я знаю, что ее мать – грузинка, а отец – русский.15.Среди туристов было много
болгар, которые хорошо говорили по-русски.16.Я родилась в Москве.(My birth-place).
XVII. Missing words
Вставьте пропущенные названия стран и национальностей
Example Jean is from France. He is French.
1. Teruyo is from Japan. She is J...........................
XIX. Countries wordsearch
Ищем названия стран
Попробуйте найти названия восьми стран.
The English Year
Though there are four seasons and twelve months in the English year, it differs from our year.
The first difference is in the number of months in spring, summer, winter and autumn. There are only two spring months in Great Britain. They are March and April. But there are four summer months. Summer begins in May. Then June, July and August come. Autumn months are September and October. Winter begins in November and lasts four months: November, December, January and February. So there are two months in spring and autumn and four months in summer and winter.
The weather is also different. It is warmer in Great Britain than in our country. It seldom snows but it often rains. The weather is changeable.
The Englishmen celebrate different holidays. Their favourite holidays are Christmas, St. Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, April Fool’s Day, Easter, Father’s Day and Halloween. They have a lot of fun then.
I’d like to tell you about Halloween. It is an old festival. It is more than two thousand years old. In the past this festival was a time of fear because people believed in ghosts and witches.
Halloween is celebrated on the thirty-first of October. It is a special night, an exciting and funny holiday. They look like fakes. Children dress up as witches and ghosts. They have parties and play tricks on people. Children go from house to house and say «Trick or treat!» The grown-ups give them some fruit, sweets, chocolate or money. When there is no treat, the children play a trick on them. A favourite trick is to ring a doorbell and hide. It’s really an exciting holiday.
also [΄ɔ:lsəʊ] также, тоже
believe [bi΄li:v] верить
changeable [΄tʃeinʤəbl] изменчивый
differ [΄difə] отличаться
difference [΄difrəns] разница
dress up [׳dres׳Λp] переодеваться
fear [fiə] страх, ужас
festival [΄festivəl] праздник
ghost [gəust] привидение
last [la:st] длиться
number [΄n۸mbə] число, количество
seldom [΄seldəm] редко
special [΄speʃəl] особый
though [ðəu] хотя
witch [witʃ] ведьма
1. The first … is in the … of months in spring, summer, winter and autumn.
2. Winter … in November and … four months: November, December, January
3. It … snows, but it … rains.
4. In the past this … was a time of … because people … in ghosts and witches.
5. They have … and play … on people.
1. There are only four spring months in Great Britain.
2. There are two months in spring and autumn and three months in summer and
3. The weather is changeable in Great Britain.
4. Halloween is a special holiday.
5. When there is no treat the children play football on Halloween.
III. Переведите на английский язык.
отличается от нашего года.
1. How many seasons and months are there in the English year?
2. What is the first difference between our and the English year?
3. What are the spring, summer, autumn and winter months?
4. Is the weather colder in our country than in Great Britain?
5. What English holidays do you know?
6. What is the most exciting holiday?
7. What is your favourite holiday?
I think all people like holidays, because they don’t work and have a good time. They can visit their friends and relatives, invite guests and have a lot of fun.
There are many different holidays. On the first of January we celebrate New Year. On the seventh of January and the twenty-fifth of December we have Christmas. The twenty-third of February is the Day of the Defenders of the Motherland or the Army Day. On the eighth of March we congratulate our mothers, grandmothers, sisters and all the women with their holiday. Then comes Easter and Radonitsa. The first of May is the Labour Day. The ninth of May is the Victory Day. The third of July is the Independence Day. Then comes the seventh of November, the day of the October Revolution and so on.
But our favourite holidays are Christmas and New Year. They are full of magic, presents and hopes.
Every year we have a New Year tree and decorate it with toys, tinsel and coloured lights. We send and get many greeting cards. We buy and give presents to our dearest and nearest. I like to get presents. Last year my parents gave me a wonderful game and many tasty things as a present. Next year I would like to get a puppy, because I like pets and I want to take care of somebody. Puppies are so charming. I’m going to make something with my own hands for my Mum, Dad, Granddad and Granny.
We usually have a holiday supper with many lasty things. When the clock strikes twelve the grown-ups drink a toast to the New Year and wish «Happy New Year» to each other. Then we dance, sing songs, watch holiday TV or go for a walk and play games. I think it is the best holiday.
and so on [ænd`səuən] и так далее
because [bi`kɒz] так как, потому что
celebrate [`selibreit] праздновать
Christmas [`krisməs] Рождество
congratulate [kən`grætjuleit] поздравлять
decorate [`dekəreit] украшать
defender [di`fendə] защитник
Easter [`i:stə] пасха
greeting card [`gri:tiŋ`ka:d] поздравительная открытка
guest [gest] гость
holiday [`hɔlədi] праздник
hope [həup] надежда
I would like [`ai wəd`laik] я бы хотел (а)
I’m going [`gəuiŋ] я собираюсь
Invite [in`vait] приглашать
light [lait] огонёк
magic [`mæʤik] волшебный
Motherland [`mʌðəlænd] Отечество, Родина
present [`preznt] подарок
strike [straik] бить (о часах)
take care [`teik`keər əf] заботиться о
the dearest and nearest [`diərist ənd`niərist] самые близкие и дорогие
the Labour Day [`leibə] День Труда
the October Revolution [ɔk`təubə revə`ljuʃn] Октябрьская революция
the Victory Day [`viktəri] День Победы
tinsel [`tinsəl] блёстки, мишура
toast [təust] тост
visit [`vizit] навещать
with my own hands [əun] своими руками
wonderful [`wʌndəful] удивительный,
1.They can … their friends and relatives, … … and have a lot of fun.
2. On the first of January we … New Year.
3. On the eighth of March we … our mothers, grandmother, sisters and all
women with their … .
4. But our … holidays are … and … .
5. We send and get many … … .
6. We buy and give presents to our … and … .
1. I think people don’t like holidays, because they must work and have a good
2. There are no holiday in our country.
3. The twenty-third of February is the Day of the Defenders of the Motherland.
4. The first of May is the Victory Day.
5. Every year we have a New Year tree and decorate it with fruit and vegetables
6. When the clock strikes ten we have a toast to the New Year and wish «Merry
III. Переведите на английский язык.
Занятия 13. Контрольные вопросы.
1. Текст: Mr White Comes Again
Кредит № 1