СЕВЕРНЫЙ ИНСТИТУТ ПРЕДПРИНИМАТЕЛЬСТВА
КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 2
(заочная форма обучения)
1. Образуйте формы Participle I и Participle II от приведенных ниже глаголов, переведите причастия на русский язык:
to discuss, to appear, to occupy, to decide, to write, to grow, to see, read, to make, to go, to come
2. Переведите на русский язык, используя Participle I и Participle II:
горящая лампа, кипящая вода, ведущий специалист, хорошо одетый мужчина, приготовленная пища, плохо написанная статья
A woman sitting by the fire, the child wasting the time, the worker repairing the house, a snow covered mountain, low-paid work, a turned-up nose, a well-done experiment
4. Определите, чем в предложении являются ing-формы (Gerund, Participle I, Verbal Noun):
1. I am afraid of being late for the lesson.
2. He cannot translate this text without looking into the dictionary.
3. Reading the story, I came across these expressions.
4. The reading of books is very useful.
5. Once I saw a dancing fire.
6. Human beings cannot live without oxygen.
5. Вставьте нужную форму глагола:
1. When I … to skate I shall teach you. (learn, shall learn)
2. As soon as the lesson … we shall go to the canteen. (is over, will be over)
3. After they … from the Institute they will be highly qualified lawyers. (graduate, will graduate)
4. You will not be able to go home till you … all the exercises. (do, will do)
6. Определите название выделенных временных форм:
1. Heavy rains are reported in the South of France.
2. Many new houses will be constructed in our town.
3. The lunching of the first artificial Earth satellite has opened a new era in the exploration of outer
4. Interesting reports are usually made by Prof. Novikov.
5. They had arrived when we were sleeping.
6. This problem was given much attention to.
7. The output of the chemical products will have been greatly increased by the end of the year.
8. We don't like it when we are laughed at.
9. He will have finished his work by next Monday.
10. The doctor will be sent for.
11. The question had been discussed when you came.
12. I have not seen you since spring.
a – Present Indefinite Passive d - Present Perfect Active g – Present Perfect Passive
b - Past Indefinite Passive e - Past Perfect Active h - Past Perfect Passive
c – Future Indefinite Passive f – Future Perfect Active i – Future Perfect Passive
7. Осуществите согласование времен, переведите на русский язык, раскрыв скобки:
1. They hoped that we (shall meet, should meet) them at the station.
2. We knew that such newspapers (have been published, had been published) in our town already.
3. We thought that this correspondent (knows, knew) everything about this problem.
4. She asked me what my name (is, was).
5. He said he (will leave, would leave) in the morning.
6. We realized that he (has stolen, had stolen) the money.
8. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст:
WHAT IS THE LAW?
The English word "law" means limits upon different forms of behaviour. Some laws are descriptive: they simply describe how people, or even natural phenomena usually behave. An example is the law of gravity. Other laws are prescriptive – they prescribe how people should behave. For example,- the speed limits for drivers.
In all societies relations between people are regulated by prescriptive laws. Some of them of family are: a) customs – that is informal rules of social and moral behaviour. Some of the rules we accept.
Customs are not made by government. We learn how to behave in society through the instructons and teachers, friends and our experience. Sometimes we break these rules without suffering any penalty. Other members of the society may criticize us. So informal rules have very little to do with laws created by government.
b) If we belong to a particular social institution – such as religious, educational and cultural – these are the rules of social institutions. The rules of social institutions are more formal than customs and those who break them suffer precise penalties. They are not, however, enforced by any political authority.
c) precise laws made by nations (government) and enforced against all citizens. When government makes laws for their citizens they use a system of courts. The general nature of the law is that it is enforced equally against all members of the nation.
Private property divides people into classes.
10. Переведите однокоренные слова:
- to behave, behaviour
- law, lawful, lawless, law-breaker, lawyer
- to describe, description, descriptive
- to prescribe, prescription, prescriptive
- sociable, sociability, social, socially, society
- to relate, relation, relative, relatively
- to force, force, forceless, to enforce
Контрольная работа №2 (Вариант 1)
Проработайте следующие грамматические темы:
Поставьте глаголы в указанной временной форме Passiv.
Найдите соответствия между немецкими и русскими эквивалентами (Образец: 1-2)
Образуйте предложения в Passiv. Переведите их.
Образец: Wir führen die neuesten Apparate vor. – Die neuesten Apparate werden von uns vorgeführt. – Мы демонстрируем новейшие аппараты. Новейшие аппараты демонстрируются нами.