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Программа дисциплины Глобальные акторы в публичной политике Global Actors in Public Policy для направления 030200. 68 Политология подготовки магистра



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Правительство Российской Федерации


Государственное образовательное бюджетное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования


«Государственный университет - Высшая школа экономики»



Факультет прикладной политологии


Программа дисциплины


Глобальные акторы в публичной политике

Global Actors in Public Policy

для направления 030200.68 Политология подготовки магистра


Авторы: .к.ю.н., профессор Беляева Н.Ю.


При участии Никитина А.И., Миннигалеевой Г.А., к.п.н.

С использованием материалов коллег из Bologna University, International Peace Operations Association, International University College of Turin, University of Sofia, Ohio University


Рекомендована секцией УМС

«Политология»

«_____» ___________ 2009 г.

Председатель Касамара В.А.

__________________

Одобрена на заседании кафедры

«Публичная политика»

« » 2009 г.

Зав. кафедрой Беляева Н.Ю.

___________________



Утверждена УС факультета

Прикладной политологии

« ____» ______________2009 г.

Ученый секретарь Орлов И.Б.


Москва

2009


Пояснительная записка


Требования к студентам:

Данный курс предназначен для чтения на 2 курсе магистратуры. Курс читается на английском языке. Предполагается, что студенты владеют языком в достаточной степени для того, чтобы понимать и анализировать английские тексты. Кроме того, студенты должны знать базовые концепции по правам человека и иметь начальное представление о функционировании международных институтов, НКО, других акторов. Студенты должны иметь начальное представление о различных структурах власти и управления в разных странах, а также политическом контексте в них.


Аннотация:

Курс посвящен анализу роли различных глобальных акторов, институтов и инструментов в мировой политике и управлению. Также особое внимание уделено насущным проблемам в современной глобальной публичной политике: проблемам окружающей среды, сохранению мира и конфликт-менеджменту. В курсе также анализируются возможные последствия глобального финансового кризиса и связанные с этим действия глобальных акторов.


Цели:

Изучить понятие и сущность публичной политики в российской и западной политической культуре, выявить проблемное поле мировой публичной политики в контексте новых глобальных вызовов и угроз, прояснить основные категории глобальных акторов современной публичной политики; показать какие еще институты и инструменты играют роль в мировой политике.


^ В результате изучения дисциплины студент должен:

Знать основные понятия, связанные с полем глобальной политики и управления, понимать различия между глобальными акторами, институтами, инструментами, понимать наиболее острые проблемы глобального управления.

Уметь анализировать международную обстановку и прогнозировать дальнейшее развитие событий; уметь различать различные виды акторов, институтов и инструментов, прогнозировать последствия изменений в глобальной политике, разрабатывать рекомендации для политиков и государственных деятелей, на основе наблюдений и анализа международной обстановки.


^ Освоение данного учебного материала необходимо для практической работы:

- сотрудников международных организаций, неправительственных организаций,

- работников государственных учреждений и институтов, которые могут непосредственно

- журналистов и профессионалов в области «медиа»

Introduction


Prerequisites

This course is intended for Master’s level students. It is expected that students are aware of the basic concepts of human rights, international organizations, NGOs, global actors and their interactions, differences in political structures and situations in different countries. This course is oriented at international perspective as well as it considers most relevant aspects of the international relations and global governance.

^ Summary of the course

The course examines roles different global actors play in the world politics and global governance. It also explores the differences between global actors, global institutions and global instruments. Special time is allocated for the global agenda classes – special classes on the most acute issues of the contemporary global world. Also global financial crisis consequences are considered in the course.

Learning objectives

  • To give a coherent definition of global actors, their types, aims, and influence

  • To consider the commercial and trade organizations and global civil society institutions as global actors.

  • To analyze and compare global actors, global institutions and global instruments

  • To present modern forms of international conflict management and other global a agenda issues.

  • To examine the roles of states, intergovernmental actors and, military-political organizations as well as on international conflict management, peacekeeping and nuclear non-proliferation.

^ Learning outcomes

By the end of the course the students are expected to learn how to estimate the potential influence of the actors and their actions and to what extent new challenges generate conflicts; to be able to apply the legitimacy criteria to international interference into conflicts as well as to see the political and legal aspects of using the military force in conflicts.

^ The course is intended for professionals in the following areas:

International intergovernmental organizations employees, NGO workers, media professionals and journalists, public servants, diplomats and international relations specialists.


Course Contents




Topic

Total hours

Contact hours

Independent students’ work










Lectures

Seminars







Introduction

 

 

 

 



Introduction to Global Public Policy

6

1

0

0



Global, Regional and Local Actors in World Politics and International Relations

8

2

1

3



Globalization: understanding, assessing and management

8

2

1

3




^ Global Actors

 

 

 

 



Intergovernmental Organizations

6

2

1

5



United Nations Organization as a Global Super-Actor

6

2

1

7



International Nongovernmental Organizations, Transnational Movements

8

2

1

7



Global Businesses

8

2

1

7



The Media as Global Actor. Examples of Media Actors, Their Structure and Their Influence. (CNN, BBC, Google, etc.)

8

2

1

5



National States as Global Actors

4

1

0

2




^ Global institutions

 

 

 

 



European Union

6

2

1

4



UN as a Global Institution

6

2

0

4



The Bretton Woods system of monetary management

8

2

1

5




^ Global Instruments

 

 

 

 



Military-Political Organizations and Blocs as International Actors (cases of NATO and CSTO)

8

2

1

5



Private Military and Security Companies as International Actors

8

2

1

5



The Rule of Law in Global Politics

8

2

0

5




^ Global Agendas

 

 

 

 



Environment and Global Warming

8

2

1

5



Conflicts, Wars and International Mechanisms of Peace Support and Conflict Resolution

8

2

1

5



Nuclear Challenge: Nuclear Policies of States and Non-Proliferation Efforts of International Community (International Atomic Energy Agency as a “Global Nuclear Supervisor”; cases of Iran and North Korea)

8

2

1

5



Who Owns Arctic and Antarctic? States and Global Actors in Geopolitical Dispute

8

2

1

5



North-South issues in the debate on globalization and development.

8

2

1

5



Global Policies after the Crisis. The need for plural paradigms and solutions

8

2

1

5



From International Relations Studies to Understanding the Global Governance Pattern

8

2

1

5




Total

162

42

18

102



Textbooks

Лебедева М.М. Мировая политика: Учебник для вузов. М., Аспект-пресс, 2007. – 365с.

Современные международные отношения и мировая политика. Под ред. А. В. Торкунова*, М., РОССПЭН, 2004.-991

Цыганков П. А. Теория международных отношений (учебник + хрестоматия). М., Гардарики, 2003.-400с.


Course Requirements

Course Grade:

The sum of the grades for class participation, the reflection papers, the final paper (and grades associated with preparing and presenting it) and oral examination will be translated into a numerical grade according to the corresponding ranges below.


Class Participation (20% of the final grade)

Class attendance is required. It is the student’s responsibility to sign the class roster which will be circulated at the beginning of each class. Unexcused absences will lower the participation grade.

Active, effective contribution means being attentive to the flow of the class’ discussion, and being able to distinguish an apt intervention in an ongoing argument from an attempt to redirect the discussion to a new topic. Students are expected to actively engage with issues raised in classroom discussions and in homework assignments.


Final Paper- Essay (40% of the final grade)

By the end of the third semester each student will produce a 10-15 page research paper (20 000-30 000 characters) that focuses on a contemporary human rights campaign. The paper will be graded on the basis of 100 points as follows: Formal layout is observed (Introduction, Body, Conclusion, Paragraphs, Margins (10 points); The text of the essay is relevant to the topic and reveals the main points (30 points); Introduction is logical and leads the reader towards the major idea(15 points); Ideas are logically organized and coherent (25 points); The essay contains both general and specific issues, examples and illustrations (20 points).

Plagiarism will be punished by


Final Exam (40% of the final grade)

Open book oral exam (120 minutes)


Course Description

Part 1. Introduction

Topic 1. Introduction to Global Public Policy

Concepts of global, regional and local in political analysis, international relations and world politics. How to assess the influence of actors and the consequences of their actions. Public policy in transitions.

Required readings

Лебедева М.М. Мировая политика: Учебник для вузов. М., Аспект-пресс, 2007.- С. 15-56

Современные международные отношения. Под ред. А. В. Торкунова*, М., РОССПЭН, 2004.- С. 9-34

Цыганков П. А. – Теория международных отношений (учебник + хрестоматия). М., Гардарики, 2003.-с. 22-48


Optional readings

Глобалистика. Международный междисциплинарный  энциклопедический словарь, Мазур  И., Чумаков А. – Питер  (английская и русская версии)


^ Topic 2. Global, Regional and Local Actors in World Politics and International Relations

Concepts of global, regional and local in political analysis, international relations and world politics. How do global actors differ from other types of actors (e.g., regional, local ones). Types and examples of global actors (inter-governmental organizations as global actors). How to assess the influence of actors and the consequences of their actions. International organization and institutions, international instruments. Types of actors, their role in politics. Global concepts and global strategies in forming the global institutions. International nongovernmental organizations as global actors. Media and internet as a global actor.

Required readings

Лебедева М.М. Мировая политика: Учебник для вузов. М., Аспект-пресс, 2007. - С. 34-78

Современные международные отношения. Под ред. А. В. Торкунова*, М., РОССПЭН, 2004. - С. 80-106


Topic 3. Globalization

Definitions, history, effects and consequences. Economic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors of globalization. Transnational circulation of ideas, languages, or popular culture through acculturation. Economic globalization. Promotion of free trade. Benefits and side effects of globalization. Global technology, global media. Anti-globalization. Anti-globalization movements. Different social science approaches to understanding global interdependence. Health, international migration, economic and gender inequality, and climate change in a globalized world.

^ Required readings

R.O. Keohane (2001), Power and Governance in a Partially Globalized World, The American

Political Science Review, 95, 1, p. 1-13


C. Burnside and D. Dollar (2000), Aid, Policies and Growth, American Economic Review, 90:4,

(September) p.847-868.


W. Easterly, R. Levine and David Roodman (2004), Aid, Policies and Growth: Comment,

American Economic Review, 94:3 (June), p.774-780


M.Clemens, S. Radelet and Rikhil Bhavnani (2004), Counting chickens when they hatch: The

short term effect of aid on growth, Working Paper Number 44, Center for Global Development,

Washington D.C., (November), p.1-76.


Rajan, Raghuram G. and Arvind Subramanian (2005), Aid and Growth: What Does the

Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?, IMF Working Paper WP 05/127, p.1-48.


Part 2. Global Actors

Topic 4. Intergovernmental Organizations

The system of intergovernmental organizations. History. Functions. Role in global politics and international relations.

Required readings

Лебедева М.М. Мировая политика: Учебник для вузов. М., Аспект-пресс, 2007. - С. 89-154


Современные международные отношения. Под ред. А. В. Торкунова*, М., РОССПЭН, 2004. - С.255-354


James M. McCormick (1980), Intergovernmental Organizations and Cooperation among Nations. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 1 (March), p. 75-98


Louise K. Comfort (2002), Managing Intergovernmental Responses to Terrorism and Other Extreme Events. Publius, Vol. 32, No. 4, The State of American Federalism, 2001-2002, p. 29-49


Deil S.Wright (1972), The States and Intergovernmental Relations.. Publius, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 7-68


Topic 5. United Nations Organization as a Global Super-Actor

The role of the UN in the 21sy century. Peacemaking and peacekeeping operations of the UN and regional organizations. International intervention in conflicts in former Republic of Yugoslavia (Bosnia, Kosovo and oth.), in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Peacemaking principles set out by the UN report “An Agenda for Peace”. "The responsibility to protect". Controversy of the "humanitarian intervention" principle. UN conventions on disarmament. Evolution of the UN peacemaking and peacekeeping guidelines in the late 20th – early 21st century.


Reading material:

Деятельность Организации Объединенных Наций по поддержанию мира (1997), М., Информцентр Deyatel'nost' Organizacii Ob’’edinennyh Nacij po podderzhaniyu mira. – M., Informcentr OON, 1997


Fifty Years of UN Peacekeeping (1998), DPI, UN, New York.


The Blue Helmets: A Review of United Nations Peace-keeping”. Fifth edition, UN, DPI, New York, 2002


Documents on the UN website www.un.org ( Peacekeeping)

Устав Организации Объединенных Наций и Статут Международного Суда. Департамент Общественной Информации ООН. 1994.


^ Topic 6. International NGOs and Transnational Social Movements as Global Actors: Contribution to Global Governance and Public Policy.

What are international NGOs: definitions, structure, missions, types (humanitarian, HR, policy-oriented). Examples (Red Cross, Amnesty International, Greenpeace, IFA, CIVICUS, etc). Video on International Red Cross (history, activities ). Whose interests do INGOs represent? How do they choose issues to address? Stakeholders. Funding. Conflict of interests . Stakeholder analysis. How do INGOs influence global public policy and governance? Methods. Campaigns . Laws and regulations .Bylaws . How are INGOs different from other global actors? Specifics compared to UN, States, Multinationals. How do INGOs interact with other global actors? Linkages between global actors. Venues for interactions . Official mechanisms for interactions (Global impact, UN DPI etc). UN and INGOs (UN policies, joint efforts ). Case study (Humanitarian, health or environmental aspect). INGOs and businesses (corporate responsibility and joint efforts).

Required readings

Hildy Teegen, Jonathan P. Doh, Sushil Vachani (2004), The Importance of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Global Governance and Value Creation: An International Business Research Agenda, Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 35, No. 6 (November), p. 463-483

Declining State Capacity. Voluntarism, and the Globalization of the Not for Profit Sector (1999), Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. suppl. 1, p.147-167


Evolving Global Structures and the Challenges Facing International Relief and Development Organizations (1999), Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. suppl. 1, p. 178-182


Joan Roelofs (2007), Foundations and Collaboration, Critical Sociology, Vol. 33, No. 3, p.479-504


Margaret E. Keck, Kathryn Sikkink (1998), Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy

Networks in International Politics, Cornell University Press.


Thomas Risse-Kappen (1995), Bringing Transnational Relations Back In: Non-State Actors, Domestic Structures and International Institutions, Cambridge University Press.


Ann Marie Clark et al. (1998), The Sovereign Limits of Global Civil Society: A Comparison of NGO

Participation in UN World Conferences on the Environment, Human Rights, and Women, World

Pol. Vol.51, No.1 (October), p.1-35


Paul J. DiMaggio, Helmut K. Anheier (1990), The Sociology of Nonprofit Organizations and Sectors, Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 16 (1990), p. 137-159. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2083266


Cyril Ritchie (1995), Coordinate? Cooperate? Harmonise? NGO policy and operational coalitions, Third World Quarterly, Vol.16, No.3 (September), p. 513 - 524


Bernard E. Brown (2001), What Is the New Diplomacy?, American Foreign Policy Interests, Vol.23, No.1 (February), p.3-21


^ Topic 7. Global businesses

Transnational corporations. Economic power and influence. The changing role of corporations in the world politics. Human rights and transnational corporations. Multinational corporations and the UN system. Corporations and states. The corporate role in the global governance.

Required readings

Andreas Georg Scherer, Guido Palazzo, Dorothée Baumann (2006), Global rules and private actors: toward a new role of the transnational corporation in global governance, Business Ethics Quarterly, Vol. 16, No.4 (October), p.505-532

Jack D. Salmon U.S. Power and the Multinational Corporation, The International Politics of Natural Resources, Energy and World Politics (Book), Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 5, No.2, p.262-263

Lynn Bennie, Patrick Bernhagen, Neil J Mitchell (2007), The Logic of Transnational Action: The Good Corporation and the Global Compact, Political Studies, Vol. 55, No. 4 (December), p.733-753

Joseph Harry (1971), The American Corporation: Its Power, Its Money, Its Politics (Book), American Sociological Review, Vol. 36, No. 3 (June), p.562-563

Leland Hazard (1959) , Politics And The Corporation: The Abnegation of Power, Vital Speeches of the Day, Vol. 25, No.18 (July), p.562

^ Topic 8. The Media as Global Actor.

Examples of Media Actors, Their Structure and Their Influence. (CNN, BBC, Google, etc.). Media as a mediator. Ethical behavior of the media. Freedom of the media. Global media. The role of the internet. Media and global public policy and governance.

Required readings

Vanessa Bush (2008),The Al Jazeera Effect: How the New Global Media Are Reshaping World Politics. Vol. 105, No.2, p.6-7

Marwan M. Kraidy (2009), My (Global) Media Studies, Television & New Media, Vol. 10, No.1 (January), p.88-90

Clive Kronenberg (2009), Contesting the mechanisms of disinformation, Part I. * Contemporary developments in Latin America: a South African perspective * For Part II, see Critical Arts 23 (3), Critical Arts: A South-North Journal of Cultural & Media Studies, Vol. 23, No.2, p.133-152

Nick Couldry (2009), Does 'the Media' Have a Future?, European Journal of Communication, Vol. 24, No. 4 (December), p.437-449

James P. Muldoon Jr. (2007), The Politics & Problems of Internet Governance: The Making of ICANN, Conference Papers, International Studies Association, Annual Meeting, p.1-21

George Christou, Seamus Simpson, Gaining a Stake in Global Internet Governance, European Journal of Communication, Vol. 22, No.2 (June), p.147-164

Jeffrey S. Juris (2005), The New Digital Media and Activist Networking within Anti-Corporate Globalization Movements. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 597, Cultural Production in a Digital Age (January), p. 189-208

Multiculturalism, "Political Correctness," and the Politics of Identity. Martin E. Spencer. Sociological Forum, Vol. 9, No. 4, Special Issue: Multiculturalism and Diversity (Dec., 1994), pp. 547-567


Topic 9. National states as Global Actors

Obvious and questionable cases. The cases of Russia, USA, China, Brazil. Which country is a global actor and which is not? Balance of powers.

^ Required readings

Transition: The First Ten Years, Analysis and Lessons for Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union (2002), The World Bank, Washington, D.C. pp. 34-88

United Nations General Assembly Approves Increased Budget (2002), FICSA Update No.1. pp.3-26

UNDP Roundtable: Development Trends in Russia (2002), New York. pp.12-26

Доклад о развитии человеческого потенциала в Российской Федерации. 2001. М., 2002. - С. 1-96

Доклад о развитии человеческого потенциала в Российской Федерации. 2002/2003. М., 2003. - С.3-55

Концепция внешней политики Российской Федерации. http//www.kremlin.ru

Концепция национальной безопасности Российской Федерации (утверждена Указом Президента РФ от 18 декабря 1997 г. № 1300 (в редакции Указа Президента Российской Федерации от 10 января 2000 г. № 24).

^ Optional readings

На пути к гражданскому обществу в России: Европейский Союз поддерживает общественные инициативы по укреплению демократии и защите прав человека в России. М., 2001.

A Decade of Transition: The MONEE Project CEE/CIS/Baltics (2001), UNICEF Regional Monitoring Report, No.8, Florence, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.

Fighting Corruption in Post-Communist States – Lessons from Practice (2002), UNDP/RBEC Policy Briefs.

Petrovsky Vladimir (2002), Reducing Poverty in Russia, Interview Presentation, Oxford.

Petrovsky Vladimir (2002), Growth, Governance, and Human Development: Post-Soviet Transition in North and Central Asia, Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies.


^ Part 3. Global institutions

Topic 10. European Union

International institutions, regional and subregional organizations, national agencies, conceptual and strategic priorities in forming the institutions and regimes of international security, development and human rights.

^ Required readings

M. Ferrera (2007), Solidarity beyond the nation-state? Reflections on the European experience. pp. 39-48 http://www.urge.it/papers.html?a=2008


Arthur A. Stein (1982). Coordination and collaboration: regimes in an anarchic world, International Organization, Cambridge University Press , Vol.36, No.2, p. 299-324


Cameron Fraser (2007), An Introduction to European Foreign Policy, Routledge.,p. 35-80


Michael E. Smith (2004), Europe’s Foreign and Security Policy: The Institutionalization of Cooperation. Cambridge University Press, p. 1-17


Brian White (1999), Understanding European Foreign Policy, European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 5, No. 1, p.37-66


^ Topic 12. The Bretton Woods System of Monetary Management

Managing economic globalization IR, IPE and the role of international financial institutions. The IMF and Financial Crises, The World Bank and the Development-Democracy link


Required readings

Robert O. Keohane (1998), International Institutions: Can Interdependence Work?, Foreign Policy, p.82-96


John .J. Mearsheimer (1995), The False Promise of International Institutions, International Security, Vol. 19, No. 3, p.5-49


Martin S. Feldstein (1998), Refocusing the IMF, Foreign Affairs, Vol.77, No. 2 (March/April), p. 20-33


Stanley Fischer (1998), The IMF and the Asian Crisis, Los Angeles, (March), p.1-17

www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/1998/032098.htm


Michael Mussa (2002), Argentina and the Fund: From Triumph to Tragedy, Policy Analyses in International, Economics 67, Institute of International Economics, Washington.

http://www.iie.com/papers/mussa0302-1.htm


Topic 13. Military-Political Organizations and Blocs as International Actors (cases of NATO and CSTO)

Forms and direction of the military-political integration of the NIS. Three stages of building a regional collective security system. Establishment of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and its role in collective defense and conflict management.

Evolution of the NATO doctrine on interference in regional conflicts. NATO-Russia dialogue on joint peacemaking. Broadening of the NATO responsibility zone. Comparative analysis of the crisis management instruments of the NATO and CSTO. NATO’s actions outside the traditional responsibility zone. Challenges for the NATO in the 21st century.


^ Required Readings

Пражский Саммит и преобразование НАТО: Справочник – путеводитель (2003), Brussels: NATO Public Diplomacy Division. http://www.nato.int/docu/rdr-gde-prg/rdr-gde-prg-rus.pdf

The Alliance's Strategic Concept approved by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Washington D.C.(1999) http://www.nato.int/cps/en/natolive/official_texts_27433.htm

Алексеев А.П. (2003), НАТО на путях трансфорации, Европейская безопасность: события, оценки, прогнозы, №9 (Сентябрь), М: ИНИОН РАН

Пархалина Т.Г. (2002), Пражский саммит НАТО: вызов для России или для Альянса?, Европейская безопасность: события, оценки, прогнозы, №6, М: ИНИОН РАН

What the NATO is capable of? (2004), Internationale Politik, № 3

The NATO Taskforce (2004). NATO Briefing (May)

Documents on the CSTO , http://www.dkb.gov.ru/

^ Optional readings

Robert O. Keohane (1982), The demand for international regimes, International Organization, Vol. 36, No. 2, p. 325-355

Robert Jervis (2002). Security regimes , International Regimes, Vol. 27, No.1, p. 174-185

Sabina Alkire (2002), Conceptual Framework for Human Security, Excerpt: Working Definition and Executive Summary, Vol.16 (February)

Richard Soklsky, Joseph McMillan (2002), Foreign Aid in Our Own Defense, The New York Times, Vol.13 (February)

Stephen D. Krasner (1983), Structural causes and regime consequences: regimes as intervening variables, International Regimes, Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London, p. 1-21.


^ Topic 14. Private Military and Security Companies as International Actors

Private Military and Security Companies as International Actors. Their role on the global arena. The The Need for International Regulation of PMSCs. Existing International Legal Regulation of PMSCs and relevant case law. Internal/external security and inherently governmental functions. Future of International Private Military Services. Conflict Prevention. Licensing criteria and standards.

^ Required readings

Singer, P. (2003), Corporate Warriors: The Rise of the Privatized Military Industry, Cornell University Press

Holmqvist, C. (2005), Private Security Companies, the case for regulation, SIPRI policy paper, Vol.9 (January)

Chesterman S., Lehnardt C. (2007), From Mercenaries to Market. The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies, Oxford UP.

The Montreux Document on “Pertinent international legal obligations and good practice for states related to operations of private military and security companies during armed conflicts” http://www.eda.admin.ch/etc/medialib/downloads/edazen/topics/intla/humlaw.Par.0057.File.tmp/Montreux%20Document%20(e).pdf

Optional readings

Петровский.В.Е. От империи – к открытому миру. О внешней политике России переходного периода. М., РОССПЭН, 2007.


Ротфельд А.Д. Принципы организации глобальной безопасности. Ежегодник СИПРИ 2001: Вооружения, разоружение и международная безопасность. М., Наука, 2002.


Титаренко М. Л. Россия: Безопасность через сотрудничество. Восточно-азиатский вектор. М., 2003.


Topic 15. The Rule of Law in Global Politics

What is the rule of law? It has traditionally been perceived as ultimately positive and neutral, however in international politics it may play a different role. How and when does it happen? Can we say that the Western rule of law is applicable for any country? When has the rule of law been used for the evil?

^ Required readings

Ugo Mattei (2007), Access to Justice. A Renewed Global Issue. Electronic journal of comparative law, Vol.11, No.3. http://works.bepress.com/ugo_mattei/34

Ugo Mattei, Marco de Morpurgo (2009), Global law & Plunder: The dark side of the rule of law, Bocconi Sch.L.Student-Ed.Papers, No.03, http://works.bepress.com/ugo_mattei/35


Part 3. Global Agenda

Topic 16. Environment and Global Warming

Global environment problems. International documents. Kyoto protocol. The victims of environmental degradation . Human rights violations. Global environment management, role of international institutions and actors. Increasingly, many basic human rights are at risk, as the right to health affected by contamination of resources, or the right to property and culture are being compromised by commercial intrusion into indigenous lands. Multinational coprporations and environment. States and environment.


Required readings

Timothy W. Luke (2008), The politics of true convenience or inconvenient truth: struggles over how to sustain capitalism, democracy, and ecology in the 21st century, Environment & Planning , Vol. 40, No. 8 (August), p.1811-1824

Upmanu Lall, Tanya Heikkila, Casey Brown, Tobias Siegfried (2008), Water in the 21st century: defining of the global crises and potential solutions. Journal of International Affairs.


Fiona Harvey (2006), Radical Overhaul Seen as Solution to Water Crisis. Financial Times (August).

^ Optional readings

Wolfgang Sachs, Environment and Human rights, Wuppertal Institute for Climate. http://www.wupperinst.org/globalisierung/pdf_global/human_rights.pdf


Atik, Jeffery (2004), Commentary: The Relationship between Environmental Rights and Environmental Injustice, Human Rights Dialogue, Special Issue on “Environmental Rights.”


^ Topic 17. Conflicts, Wars and International Mechanisms of Peace Support and Conflict Resolution

Theory and practice of international conflict management: political and ethno-social conflicts. Different approaches to international conflict management: the West and modern Russia. Spheres, levels, mechanisms, actors and objects of peacemaking and peacekeeping. Military, political, economic, ideological interference in conflicts. Establishing regional security systems and regimes. Nuclear dimension of the global politics. International law and disarmament.


^ Reading material:

Звягельская И.Д. Специфика этнополитических конфликтов и подходы к их урегулированию. М: Navona /МГИМО. 2008


Никитин А.И. Миротворческие операции: концепция и практика. М: Московский общественный научный фонд. 2000


Миротворческие операции, парламенты, законодательство. Под.ред. Никитина А.И. М: Еслан. 2005


Никитин А.И. Международные конфликты. ООН и Россия // Постзападная цивилзация. Либерализм: пошлое, настоящее и будущее. М: Новый фатор. 2002

Права человека и вооруженные конфликты. Учебник для вузов. М: Норма. 2001


Pre-emptive Military action and Legitimate Use of Force (2003), European Security Forum, Working Paper No. 11(February), Brussels, CEPS


Caysen C., Rathjens G. (1996), Peace Operations by the United Nations: The Case for a Volunteer UN Military Force. Committee on International Security Studies, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Cambridge, Mass.


United Nations Peacekeeping Operations. Principles and Guidelines (2008), NY, UNO, DPKO.


Documents on the UN website www.un.org (Peacekeeping)


Безопасность Евразии 2002. Энциклопедический словарь-ежегодник. М., 2003.


Петровский.В.Е. . От империи – к открытому миру. О внешней политике России переходного периода. М., РОССПЭН, 2007.


Ротфельд А.Д. Принципы организации глобальной безопасности. Ежегодник СИПРИ 2001: Вооружения, разоружение и международная безопасность. М., Наука, 2002.


Титаренко М. Л. Россия: Безопасность через сотрудничество. Восточно-азиатский вектор. М., 2003.


Petrovsky Vladimir (2002), Human Security in the Asia-Pacific after September 11: Conceptual Framework for Cooperation and Coordination, Asia Pacific Center for Security Studies.


Sadako Ogata (2002), Globalization and Human Security, Weatherhead Policy Forum, Columbia University, Vol.27 (March)


Ellen Seidenstricker (2002), Human Security, Human Rights, and Human Development, Kennedy School, Harvard University.


Topic 18. Nuclear Challenge: Nuclear Policies of States and Non-Proliferation Efforts of International Community (International Atomic Energy Agency as a “Global Nuclear Supervisor”; cases of Iran and North Korea)

International security and personal security. Security and human rights. “Nuclear history” of the planet and modern nuclear potential of the states. “Old” and “new” nuclear powers. Law and political factors in the non-proliferation regime. Crises over North Korean and Iranian nuclear programmes. Nuclear disarmament treaties between the USA and the USSR, the current crisis of disarmament process. Issue of ground-based missile defense systems. Nuclear-free zones and the nuclear tests ban. Nuclear waste disposal. Prospects of the non-proliferation regime.


^ Reading material:

Соков Н. Эволюция ядерной политики США: возрастет ли роль ядерного оружия?// Ядерный контроль, №3. 2003


Тимербаев Р. Ближний Восток и ядерная проблема // Ядерный контроль, №3. 2003

Федоров Ю. Ядерный фактор в мировой политике XXI в.// Pro et Contra, Vol.7. №4. 2002


Федоров Ю. Корейская ядерная проблема // Аналитические записки ИММИ, Vol.2. № 1. 2003


Федоров Ю.. Мамедова Н., Федченко В. Иранская ядерная программа и российско-иранские отношения// Аналитические записки ИПМИ, Vol.2. № 2. 2003


Lodal J (2001), The Price of Dominance. The New Weapons of Mass Destruction and Their Challenge to American Leadership. NY,Council on Foreign Relations.


Topic 19. Who Owns Arctic and Antarctic? States and Global Actors in Geopolitical Dispute

Arctic and Antarctic: resources and conflicts. Natural resources in polar regions. Problem of territorial division in Arctic and Antarctic. The UN Convention on the Law of Sea and states' spheres of sovereignty and influence in the seawaters. Russia’s policy on Arctic region. Nuclear-free status of Antarctic and prospects of creating a nuclear-free zone in Arctic. Nuclear weapons reduction in seawaters and ocean.

Readings

Elizabeth Elliot-Meisel (2009), Politics, Pride, and Precedent: The United States and Canada in the Northwest Passage, Ocean Development & International Law, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Apr-Jun), p.204-232

Barry Yeoman (2009), Tomorrow’s wars, On Earth: Environmental Politics People, Vol. 31, No.2, p.18-19

Jess Worth, Michael Byers (2009), Who owns the Arctic?, New Internationalist, Issue 424 (Jul/Aug), p.16-17

Marcus Haward, Julia Jabour (2007), Science, Politics and the Polar Regions, Conference Papers, International Studies Association, Annual Meeting, p.1-21


^ Topic 20. North-South issues in the debate on globalization and development.

The Political economy of North-South Relations. Is the Global North in fact helping the Global South? Who benefits from the North-South economical relations? What are the global actors roles? How do states interact with the Brettonwood Institutions, Corporattions, INGOs?

^ Required readings

B. Hoekman, A. Mattoo (2002), Development, Trade and the WTO: A Handbook, World Bank Publication, Washington, DC, Cap. VII (The Trading System and Developing Countries), p.483-508.

http://publications.worldbank.org/catalog/content-download?revision_id=1526187


J. Grieco, J. Ikenberrry (2003), State Power and World Markets, W. W. Norton, New York & London, p.244-287


W. Easterly (2006), The White Man’s Burden, Oxford University Press, Oxford & New York.


Кулагин В.М. Многомерная глобализация – новые горизонты, вызовы и угрозы. Доклад о развитии человеческого потенциала в Российской Федерации в 2000 г. М., 2001.


Towards Global Equity (2002), Oxfam GB Strategic Plan Update, Oxford.

Williams Rocky (2002), Developmental agencies and security-sector restructuring, Journal of Conflict, Security and Development, Vol.2, No.1.


Topic 21. Global Policies after the Crisis. The need for plural paradigms and solutions

The global financial crisis turned out to be the crisis of the global governance as well. How will it influence the global powers? How will the power balance shift? What will be new global policy and politics paradigms? What are the consequences of the global crisis and how will it change the world?

What are the origins of the crisis? Who deserves blame for the crisis? Who benefited from the conditions

leading up to the crisis? What shall be done? Demise of large financial institutions, the wiping out of trillions of dollars in stock market value, and the potentially deep global economic contraction that will affect the well-being of much of humanity. Do we mange the economic crisis globally? What will be the world after the crisis? How will it change the balance in the world? How will it affect international actors?

Required readings

Haryo Aswicahyono, Kelly Bird, Hal Hill (2009), Making Economic Policy in Weak, Democratic, Post-crisis States: An Indonesian Case Study, World Development, Vol. 37, No. 2 (February), p.354-370


Marianna Fotaki (2009), The ghosts of the past, the dreamlands of the future … or why fantasies are bound to fail in socialism and the market: The case of public health policy development in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2 (June), p.217-232


Carles Muntaner, Sanjeev Sridharan, Orielle Solar, Joan Benach (2009), Commentary: Against Unjust Global Distribution of Power and Money: The Report of the Who Commission on the Social Determinants of Health: Global Inequality and the Future of Public Health Policy, Journal of Public Health Policy, Vol. 30, No. 2 (July), p. 163-175


^ Topic 22. From International Relations Studies to Understanding the Global Governance Pattern

Globalization and Governance. Governance in the globalized world. Global governance. Global governance future. Global governance means and issues. The global governance pattern.

Required readings

Paul Starobin (2009), From Globalization To World Government?, National Journal, Vol.5 (May), p.13


K. Waltz (1999), Globalization and Governance, PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol.32, No. 4, p. 693-700


Robert O. Keohane, J. S. Nye (2000), Globalization: What’s New? What’s Not? (And So What ?), Foreign Policy, Vol.118, p.104-119


M. Zürn (2002), From Interdependence to Globalization, in: Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse e Beth A.

Simmons, Handbook of International Relations, Sage, London, p. 235-254


G. Arrighi (2005), Hegemony Unraveling, New Left Review, Vol.33, p.83-116


D. Rodrik (1997), Has Globalization Gone Too Far?, Institute of International Economics, Washington, p.1-10, p.69-85


J.E. Stiglitz (2002), Globalization and its discontents, W.W. Norton, New York, p. 214-252


^ Optional readings

Governance Strategy (2002), The British Council.

Francis Fukuyama (1989), The End of History, The National Interest, No. 16.

John Gerard Ruggie (1982). International regimes, transactions, and change: embedded liberalism in the postwar economic order, International Organization, Vol.36, No.2, p. 379-415

Gareth Evans (1993), Cooperating for Peace. The Global Agenda for the 1990s and Beyond. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen and Unwin.

National Human Development Report 2001, Doi Moi and Human Development in Viet Nam, The Political publishing House, Hanoi, p.13-25, http://planipolis.iiep.unesco.org/upload/Viet%20Nam/Viet%20Nam%20HDR%202001.pdf

David A. Baldwin (1993), Neorealism and Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate, Columbia University Press, NY.

Oran R. Young (1982), Regime dynamics: the rise and fall of international regimes, International Organization, Vol.36, No.2, p. 277-197

Robert O. Keohane, Joseph S. (1977), Nye Power and Interdependence. World Politics in Transition, Little Brown and Company, Boston, Toronto, p. 10-22, p. 38-60.

Wolfenson Says Poverty Strategies Should Be Long-Term (2002).

World Summit on Leadership and Governance: Developing the Culture, Structures, and Policies of Peace for a World in Crisis (2003), Seoul, Korea (February).


Provisional Topics for Course Assignments


Provisional Topics for Final paper


Legitimacy issue of the international intervention into conflicts.


NATO’s role in international conflict management from mid-1990s till nowadays.

Military and non-military factors in international peacemaking.


Military conflicts and the international law.


Principles of military force use in modern international conflicts.


The role of the UN in the early 21st century.


Mercenaries as international actors.


New challenges for the nuclear non-proliferation.

Arctic and Antarctic as new zones of geopolitical interest


Theory and practice of international conflict management: political and ethno-social conflicts.

Different approaches to international conflict management: the West and modern Russia.

Establishing regional security systems and regimes.

Nuclear dimension of the global politics. International law and disarmament.

Global environment problems.

Global environment management, role of international institutions and actors.

What is the rule of law? Positive or negative?

Private Military and Security Companies as International Actors

Existing International Legal Regulation of PMSCs and relevant case law.

Internal/external security and inherently governmental functions.

Future of ^ International Private Military Services.

Managing economic globalization IR, IPE and the role of international financial institutions.

The IMF and Financial Crises, The World Bank and the Development-Democracy link

International institutions, regional and subregional organizations, national agencies, conceptual and strategic priorities in forming the institutions and regimes of international security, development and human rights.

Forms and direction of the military-political integration of the NIS.

Three stages of building a regional collective security system.

Establishment of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and its role in collective defense and conflict management.

The role of Russia in the world politics and governance. Does it play a significant role?

Economic power and influence of Transnational corporations. T

he changing role of corporations in the world politics.

Human rights and transnational corporations.

Multinational corporations and the UN system.

The corporate role in the global governance.

What are international NGOs: definitions, structure, missions, types

Whose interests do INGOs represent? Stakeholders. Funding. Conflict of interests

How do INGOs influence global public policy and governance? Methods. Campaigns, Laws and regulations .Bylaws .

How are INGOs different from other global actors? Specifics compared to UN, States, Multinationals.

How do INGOs interact with other global actors?

INGOs and businesses (corporate responsibility and joint efforts).

Peacemaking and peacekeeping operations of the UN and regional organizations.

International intervention in conflicts in former Republic of Yugoslavia

Peacemaking principles set out by the UN report “An Agenda for Peace”.

"The responsibility to protect". Controversy of the "humanitarian intervention"

The system of intergovernmental organizations.

Economic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors of globalization.

Anti-globalization movements.

Different social science approaches to understanding global interdependence. H

ealth, international migration, economic and gender inequality, and climate change in a globalized world.

Concepts of global, regional and local in political analysis, international relations and world politics.

How do global actors differ from other types of actors (e.g., regional, local ones).

Types and examples of global actors (inter-governmental organizations as global actors).

How to assess the influence of actors and the consequences of their actions.

International organization and institutions, international


Provisional Questions for Final Exam


  1. Legitimacy issue of the international intervention into conflicts.




  1. NATO’s role in international conflict management from mid-1990s till nowadays.

  2. Military and non-military factors in international peacemaking.




  1. Military conflicts and the international law.




  1. Principles of military force use in modern international conflicts.




  1. The role of the UN in the early 21st century.




  1. Mercenaries as international actors.




  1. New challenges for the nuclear non-proliferation.

  2. Arctic and Antarctic as new zones of geopolitical interest




  1. Theory and practice of international conflict management: political and ethno-social conflicts.

  2. Different approaches to international conflict management: the West and modern Russia.

  3. Establishing regional security systems and regimes.

  4. Nuclear dimension of the global politics. International law and disarmament.

  5. Global environment problems.

  6. Global environment management, role of international institutions and actors.

  7. What is the rule of law? Positive or negative?

  8. Private Military and Security Companies as International Actors

  9. Existing International Legal Regulation of PMSCs and relevant case law.

  10. Internal/external security and inherently governmental functions.

  11. Future of International Private Military Services.

  12. Managing economic globalization IR, IPE and the role of international financial institutions.

  13. The IMF and Financial Crises, The World Bank and the Development-Democracy link

  14. International institutions, regional and subregional organizations, national agencies, conceptual and strategic priorities in forming the institutions and regimes of international security, development and human rights.

  15. Forms and direction of the military-political integration of the NIS.

  16. Three stages of building a regional collective security system.

  17. Establishment of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and its role in collective defense and conflict management.

  18. The role of Russia in the world politics and governance. Does it play a significant role?

  19. Economic power and influence of Transnational corporations. T

  20. he changing role of corporations in the world politics.

  21. Human rights and transnational corporations.

  22. Multinational corporations and the UN system.

  23. The corporate role in the global governance.

  24. What are international NGOs: definitions, structure, missions, types

  25. Whose interests do INGOs represent? Stakeholders. Funding. Conflict of interests

  26. How do INGOs influence global public policy and governance? Methods. Campaigns, Laws and regulations .Bylaws .

  27. How are INGOs different from other global actors? Specifics compared to UN, States, Multinationals.

  28. How do INGOs interact with other global actors?

  29. INGOs and businesses (corporate responsibility and joint efforts).

  30. Peacemaking and peacekeeping operations of the UN and regional organizations.

  31. International intervention in conflicts in former Republic of Yugoslavia

  32. Peacemaking principles set out by the UN report “An Agenda for Peace”.

  33. "The responsibility to protect". Controversy of the "humanitarian intervention"

  34. The system of intergovernmental organizations.

  35. Economic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors of globalization.

  36. Anti-globalization movements.

  37. Different social science approaches to understanding global interdependence. H

  38. ealth, international migration, economic and gender inequality, and climate change in a globalized world.

  39. Concepts of global, regional and local in political analysis, international relations and world politics.

  40. How do global actors differ from other types of actors (e.g., regional, local ones).

  41. Types and examples of global actors (inter-governmental organizations as global actors).

  42. How to assess the influence of actors and the consequences of their actions.

  43. International organization and institutions, international




Автор программы: _____________________________/ Ф.И.О./


Addendum 1. Recommendations for Course Teacher

It is recommended to use interactive teaching methods which allow for most student participation such as: discussions, case studies, role plays. It is also expected that videos, Power Point presentations, and distant video conferencing will be used for teaching.

The course is intended to be based on real-life case studies, multimedia examples and current events.


Addendum 2. Recommendations for Students

The course format mixes lectures, group discussion, and film/video presentations. Students should take notes, both on lectures and on the reading, and films, with the intention of addressing the key themes of the course.

The readings are demanding and require intensive examination of a broad variety of issues and modes of thought. We will be discussing contentious cultural and political issues relating to human rights in this course. Students are encouraged to express diverse perspectives. You are likely to encounter strong opinions and it is inevitable that at least some of these opinions will make you or your colleagues uncomfortable. You will be expected to strike a healthy balance between arguing your own position on these issues, listening to others, and helping the class as a collectivity to explore how the authors that you read defend their approaches. Students and the instructors should interact with each other in a mutually respectful manner. They should articulate their ideas, concerns, arguments, critical questions and responses without alienating, marginalizing, or humiliating anyone. (For example, please avoid disrespectful ad hominem arguments, slanderous statements, hurtful stereotyping, or intentionally offensive non-verbal gesturing.)



* издания с грифом Министерства образования Российской Федерации

* издания с грифом Министерства образования Российской Федерации

* издания с грифом Министерства образования Российской Федерации

* издания с грифом Министерства образования Российской Федерации







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