Методические указания по выполнению контрольных работ для студентов 1 курса факультета технологий и дизайна заочной формы обучения (контрольная работа №2) icon

Методические указания по выполнению контрольных работ для студентов 1 курса факультета технологий и дизайна заочной формы обучения (контрольная работа №2)


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ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«РОССИЙСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ТУРИЗМА И СЕРВИСА»

ФГОУВПО «РГУТиС»


Кафедра___________________Иностранные языки_______________


УТВЕРЖДАЮ

Проректор по учебной работе,

д.э.н., профессор

________________________Новикова Н.Г.

«_____»_______________________200__г


МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ

ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ КОНТРОЛЬНЫХ РАБОТ


для студентов 1 курса факультета технологий и дизайна заочной формы обучения

(контрольная работа №2)


Дисциплина ____________Иностранный язык (английский)___________________


Москва 2009г.

Методические указания по выполнению контрольных работ составлены на основе рабочей программы дисциплины

______________________ _Иностранный язык_(английский)_____ ______________

(название дисциплины)

Методические указания по выполнению контрольных работ рассмотрены и утверждены на заседании кафедры

_________________________^ Иностранные язык______________________

(название кафедры)


Протокол № 2 «15»__ сентября_2008г.


Зав кафедрой к.и.н.,доц. Юрчикова Е.В.


Методические указания рекомендованы Научно-методической секцией общеуниверситетских кафедр


Протокол №_______ «_____»______________________200__г.


Председатель

Научно-методической секции

общеуниверситетских кафедр д.и.н., проф. Багдасарян В. Э.


Методические указания по выполнению контрольных работ одобрены Научно - методическим советом ФГОУВПО «РГУТиС»


Протокол № ________ «____»_______________200_г.


Ученый секретарь

Научно-методического совета

К.и.н., доцент Юрчикова Е.В.


Методические указания разработал:

Преподаватель кафедры

«Иностранные языки» ст.преп. Костоварова В.В.


^ МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ

ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ КОНТРОЛЬНЫХ РАБОТ

Цель данных методических указаний и контрольных работ – помочь студенту в самостоятельной работе над развитием практических навыков чтения и перевода общенаучной литературы и литературы по специальности широкого профиля.

В сборнике имеется серия грамматических и лексических упражнений, направленных на развитие устной и письменной речи. Студент выполняет один вариант контрольной работы в соответствии с последним шифром студенческого билета: студенты, шифр которых оканчивается на нечетное число, выполняют вариант №1, на четное – вариант №2.

Выполнять письменные контрольные работы следует в формате Word. На титульном листе укажите факультет, курс, номер группы, фамилию, имя и отчество, номер контрольной работы и варианта.

Контрольные задания следует выполнять c соблюдением полей, оставленных для замечаний, комментария и методических указаний преподавателя.

Строго соблюдайте последовательность выполнения задания.

Фрагменты текста, предназначенные для письменного перевода перепишите на левой стороне страницы, а на правой представьте его перевод на русском языке.

В конце работы поставьте свою личную подпись.


^ Контрольная работа №2

Variant 1


1. Read the text. Translate Passage 2 in writing. Decide if the sentences below are true or false. Put “T” is it is true, put “F” if it is false.

European fashion

People`s clothes were not only their cover, but their symbol. Even an amulet was a piece of clothes because it was like a bridge between a bare human body and surrounding world.

The most bright examples of symbolic meaning of some clothes are firmrules of medieval classes and Spanish monarch. Such rules of peoples appearance can be found even nowadays.

French revolution abolished wigs. Since that time the absence of wig was as obligatory in the society as it is to wear jeans now.The Europian idea of fashion as a personal statement rather than a cultural expression begins in the 16th century: ten portraits of German or Italian gentlemen may show ten entirely different hats. Fashions among upper-class Europeans began to move in synchronicity in the 18th century; though colors and patterns of textiles changed from year to year, (Thornton), the cut of a gentleman's coat and the length of his waistcoat, or the pattern to which a lady's dress was cut changed more slowly. Men's fashions derived from military models, and changes in a European male silhouette are galvanized in theatres of European war, where gentleman officers had opportunities to make notes of foreign styles: an example is the "Steinkirk" cravat (a necktie). By 1800, all Western Europeans were dressing alike: local variation became first a sign of provincial culture, and then a badge of the conservative peasant.

Fashion in clothes has allowed wearers to express emotion or solidarity with other people for millennia. Modern Westerners have a wide choice available in the selection of their clothes. What a person chooses to wear can reflect that person's personality or likes. When people who have cultural status start to wear new or different clothes a fashion trend may start. People who like or respect them may start to wear clothes of a similar style.

Fashions may vary significantly within a society according to age, social class, generation, occupation and geography as well as over time. If, for example, an older person dresses according to the fashion of young people, he or she may look ridiculous in the eyes of both young and older people. The term "fashion victim" refers to someone who slavishly follows the current fashions.

This is an example list of some of the fads and trends of the 21st century: Capri pants, handbags, sport suits and sports jackets, ripped jeans, designer jeans, blazer jackets, and high-heeled shoes.

1. People`s clothes were not only their cover, but their symbol.

2. Аn amulet was a piece of clothes.

3. The most bright examples of symbolic meaning of some clothes are firmrules of medieval classes and Spanish monarch.

4. The Europian idea of fashion as a personal statement rather than a cultural expression begins in the 18th century.

5. Fashions among upper-class Europeans began to move in synchronicity in the 16th century.

6. Women's fashions derived from military models/

7. Gentleman officers had opportunities to make notes of foreign styles.

8. By 1800, all Americans were dressing alike: local variation became first a sign of provincial culture, and then a badge of the conservative peasant.

9. Fashions may vary significantly within a society according to age, social class, generation, occupation and geography as well as over time.

10. The term "fashion victim" refers to someone who slavishly follows the current fashions.

^ 2. Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Then translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. She (do) no homework this month.

  2. Will that gramophone never stop? It (play) the same tune for two hours.

  3. He (live) in this country for many years but he still can’t speak our language.

The old man (be) a great traveller in his youth and could tell a tale about many strange places.

  1. You (do) this work by next Sunday?

  2. Our salaries (rise) twice since Christmas.

  3. Mary is learning the piano. She (practise) since breakfast time.

  4. I (be married) for ten years.

  5. I (do) all my homework by the time he comes, and we will go for a walk together.

  6. He (do) all his work by six o’ clock yesterday.

  7. I never (be) in the Netherlands.


^ 3. Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Then translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. When morning came, the storm already (stop), but the snow still (fall).

  2. Yesterday by eight o’clock he (finish) all his work.

  3. We (drink) tea when the telephone (ring).

  4. He (be) here five minutes ago, but you (be) out.

  5. You (read) “The Murder of Roger Ackroyd” by Agatha Christie?

  6. When we (come) to the station, the train already (arrive).

  7. We could not go out, because it (rain) hard since early morning.

  8. What you (do) when I come in?

  9. Our train starts late in the evening, so if you (come) at seven, we still (pack) our luggage.

  10. When I (leave) home, it (rain).


^ 4. Complete the sentences using the correct passive forms of the verbs in brackets. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. Two reports on Hemingway’s stories (make) in our group last month.

  2. He said that Grandmother’s letter (receive) the day before.

  3. Two new engineers just (introduce) to the head of the department.

  4. I am sure I (ask) at the lesson tomorrow.

  5. They told me that the new student (speak) much about.

  6. This new dictionary (sell) everywhere now.

  7. All the texts (look) through yesterday.

  8. The answer to the question can (find) in the dictionary.

  9. Moscow University (found) by Lomonosov.

  10. The composition must (hand) on Monday.


^ 5. Find modal verbs or modal equivalents. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. Her grandmother can knit very well.

  2. May I invite Nick to our house?

  3. I haven’t written the composition. I will have to write it on Sunday.

  4. We were to get there before the others.

  5. You should know how to raise your children not to be losers.

  6. He must have sold his piano.

  7. He was to sell his piano.

  8. He can’t have sold his piano.

  9. It might have been worse.

  10. I’m sorry I couldn’t come yesterday. I had to work late.


6. Fill in each space with a suitable modal verb or its equivalent. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. You…not come to help them tomorrow: the work is done.

  2. You…not change the whole text as the beginning is all right.

  3. …you help me now? –I am afraid not I am in a hurry.

  4. She…decorate the room nicely.

  5. We … not afford to pay the bill.

  6. You … take medicine three times a day before meals.

  7. How do you feel when you …a test?

  8. …I return the book on Friday? I am afraid I…not finish it before.

  9. John …not tell us the rules of the game; we know them.

  10. ...we bring these textbooks every day.



^ 7. Read the text, translate passages 1, 3 in writing. Answer the questions below in writing.


Fashion design

Fashion design is the applied art dedicated to the design of clothing and lifestyle accessories created within the cultural and social influences of a specific time.Fashion design differs from costume design due to its core product having a built in obsolescence usually of one to two seasons. A season is defined as either autumn/winter or spring/summer. Fashion design is generally considered to have started in the 19th century with Charles Frederick Worth who was the first person to sew their label into the garments that they created. While all articles of clothing from any time period are studied by academics as costume design, only clothing created after 1858 could be considered as fashion design.

Fashion designers design clothing and accessories. Some high-fashion designers are self-employed and design for individual clients. Other high-fashion designers cater to specialty stores or high-fashion department stores. These designers create original garments, as well as those that follow established fashion trends. Most fashion designers, however, work for apparel manufacturers, creating designs of men’s, women’s, and children’s fashions for the mass market.

Designer brands which have a 'name' as their brand such as Calvin Klein or Ralph Lauren are likely to be designed by a team of individual designers under the direction of a designer director.


1. Is fashion design the applied art dedicated to the design of clothing and lifestyle accessories?

2. Does fashion design differ from costume design?

3.How is a season defined?

4.When has fashion design started ?

5.Who was the first person to sew their label?

6.When was clothing created?

7.Do fashion designers design clothing and accessories?

8.What do other high-fashion designers cater?

9.Do most fashion designers work for apparel manufacturers?

10. Which designer brands have a 'name'?


 

Контрольная работа №2

Variant 2


^ 1. Read the text. Translate passages 2, 3 in writing. Decide if the statements are true or false. Put “T” if it is true, put “F” if the statement is false.

Fashion design in different countries

French Fashion Design

The vast majority of French fashion houses are - and always have been - located in Paris, which was once not only the capital of French fashion but the capital of fashion worldwide. French fashion is traditionally chic and stylish, defined by sophistication, skillful cutting, and smart accessories. Paris is the home of many great and influential couture houses, such as Chanel and Christian Dior, who stage exclusive fashion shows in their own salons. Many other famous French designers show their work at the designer collections, which are held twice a year and command international attention. One of the best-known French designers, and a pioneer of ready-to-wear, is Chanel who has consistently turned out stylish, quality garments over many years. Karl Lagerfeld, although a German designer, has a very French approach. One of the major contemporary innovators of French fashion is Jean-Paul Gaultier, who designs unusual, witty clothes which stand apart from the main thrust of French style; the style has become vintage in modern day. Despite the changes that took place in the 20th century, Paris remains the most prestigious and influential global fashion capital.

British Fashion Design

The first fashion designer, Charles Worth, was a native of Britain, although he made his name in Paris. The majority of British fashion houses are based in London. In the 1920s, Norman Hartnell became known for elaborate evening gowns, and went on to design Queen Elizabeth II's wedding and coronation gowns, and other gowns for members of the British royal family.

In the 1960s, the British fashion scene in "Swinging London" exploded with unorthodox clothes and popular appeal that have remained. Mary Quant and Vivienne Westwood pioneered the daring, youthful look which London is known for. Following in their wake, and turning out fresh ideas consistently, are John Galliano and Alexander McQueen. Other well-known names include Zandra Rhodes (known for fairytale clothes in original fabrics) and Bruce Oldfield (known for glamorous evening wear). London is also the home to a more traditional (but still popular) style - the style of the gentry, with many fashion houses such as Burberry and Fred Perry creating athletic yet formal clothes which connotate the upper classes.

1. The vast majority of French fashion houses are - and always have been - located in Madrid.

2. French fashion is traditionally chic and stylish, defined by sophistication, skillful cutting, and smart accessories.

3. Rome is the home of many great and influential couture houses, such as Chanel and Christian Dior.

4. Many other famous French designers show their work at the designer collections.

5. Chanel and Christian Dior, who stage exclusive fashion show in their own salons.

6. Karl Lagerfeld, although a German designer, has a very French approach.

7. One of the major contemporary innovators of French fashion is Jean-Paul Gaultier

8. Despite the changes that took place in the 20th century, London remains the most prestigious and influential global fashion capital.

9. The first fashion designer, Charles Worth, was a native of Britain, although he made his name in Paris.

10. London is also the home to a more traditional style.


^ 2.Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. When Mary came home, her brother was reading the book which she (bring) him two days before.

  2. She is happy, her son (finish) school.

  3. By the time we (come) to see him, he (return) home.

  4. They said they (translate) the text for three hours yesterday.

  5. By the next year we (live) in this city for four years.

  6. We (live) in the USA for nearly ten years now.

  7. I hope that (not forget) about by the end of the month.

  8. His hair is very short. He (have) a haircut.

  9. You ever (be) to St. Petersburg?

  10. Professor Benton (finish) the operation by three o’clock.


^ 3. Complete these sentences using the correct forms of the verbs in brackets. Translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. Autumn (come). It (be) November now. It (get) colder, the days (get) shorter. It often (rain).

  2. When I (do) my homework yesterday, I quickly (run) to the yard, because my friends (wait) for me yesterday.

  3. What you (learn) for today?-I (to be sorry), I (not prepare) my lesson. I (be) ill yesterday.

  4. What you (do) at five o’clock yesterday?

  5. Mike always (do) his homework in the evening, but today he (begin) doing it as soon as he comes from school.

  6. Hello! Where you (go)? – Nowhere in particular.

  7. Our students (do) all kinds of exercises and now them (be) sure that they (know) this rule well.

  8. I just (take) a walk.

  9. As a rule, she (go) to the library every Wednesday.

  10. He (come) home by six o’clock yesterday.


^ 4. Complete these sentences using the correct passive forms of the verbs in brackets. Then translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. Many towns (destroy) by the earthquake in Japan last year.

  2. The dinner (cook) at the moment.

  3. A lot of apples (grow) in Sweden.

  4. The forests of Northern Europe (destroy) slowly by acid rain.

  5. Do you know the news? Sam (invite) to Helen’s party.

  6. America (discover) by Christopher Columbus.

  7. You (meet) by Harry at the airport tomorrow.

  8. Don’t worry. The children (take) to the theatre by the teacher and (bring) back to school in the evening.

  9. All the texts (look) through yesterday.

  10. The newspaper said that an interesting exhibition (open) in the Hermitage the next week.


^ 5. Find modal verbs or modal equivalents. Then translate the sentences into Russian.

  1. If we are to fly to other planets we will have to design a gigantic spacecraft.

  2. Planets like the Earth must be quite common.

  3. It is possible that simple forms of life may exist on the Mars.

  4. Friends may meet, but mountains never.

  5. What’s done cannot be undone.

  6. Bad seed must produce bad corn.

  7. A fool may ask more questions than a wise can answer.

  8. They ought to be present at the meeting.

  9. Mike should stop smoking.

  10. I must have left my wallet in the restaurant.


6. Fill in each space with a suitable modal verb or its equivalent. Translate the sentences into Russian

  1. He’s got a lung problem and he…go to hospital every two weeks.

  2. I…not believe. I am already out of money. You…learn not to spend so much.

  3. …I take this book? – Certainly, but you…not give it to anybody.

  4. …we bring these books every day? No, you…not.

  5. My neighbours…grow their own vegetables.

  6. You…not (go) out in this rain; as it is you have a cold in your head.

  7. I (take) a taxi, otherwise I should have missed the train.

  8. …you (ask) my sister to help you? I am very busy today.

  9. Kate…to meet her lawyer at twelve o’clock today.

  10. My boss gets on my nerves. I …stand him.


7. Read the text, translate passages 2, 5 in writing. Answer the questions below in writing.


Fashion and the process of change

Fashion, by definition, changes constantly. The changes may proceed more rapidly than in most other fields of human activity (language, thought, etc). For some, modern fast-paced changes in fashion embody many of the negative aspects of capitalism: it results in waste and encourages people qua consumers to buy things unnecessarily. Other people, especially young people, enjoy the diversity that changing fashion can apparently provide, seeing the constant change as a way to satisfy their desire to experience "new" and "interesting" things. Note too that fashion can change to enforce uniformity, as in the case where so-called Mao suits became the national uniform of mainland China.

At the same time there remains an equal or larger range designated (at least currently) 'out of fashion'. (These or similar fashions may cyclically come back 'into fashion' in due course, and remain 'in fashion' again for a while.)

Practically every aspect of appearance that can be changed has been changed at some time, for example skirt lengths ranging from ankle to mini to so short that it barely covers anything, etc. In the past, new discoveries and lesser-known parts of the world could provide an impetus to change fashions based on the exotic: Europe in the eighteenth or nineteenth centuries, for example, might favour things Turkish at one time, things Chinese at another, and things Japanese at a third. A modern version of exotic clothing includes club wear. Globalization has reduced the options of exotic novelty in more recent times, and has seen the introduction of non-Western wear into the Western world.

Fashion houses and their associated fashion designers, as well as high-status consumers (including celebrities), appear to have some role in determining the rates and directions of fashion change.


1. Does fashion change constantly?

2. May the changes proceed more rapidly than in most other fields of human activity?

3.Does modern fast-paced change in fashion embody many of the negative aspects of capitalism?

4.What is a way to satisfy their desire to experience "new" and "interesting" things?

5.What became the national uniform of mainland China?

6. Does at the same time there remain an equal or larger range designated (at least currently) 'out of fashion'?

7. Could new discoveries and lesser-known parts of the world provide an impetus to change fashions based on the exotic?

8. What things might Europe in the eighteenth or nineteenth centuries favour?

9. What does modern version of exotic clothing include?

10. Why did fashion houses and their associated fashion designers appear?


ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1


^ ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ

ВЫСШЕГО ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

^ «РОССИЙСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ТУРИЗМА И СЕРВИСА»

(ФГОУВПО «РГУТиС»)


____________________________________факультет

Кафедра______________________________________


КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА по

______________________________________________________

наименование дисциплины


____ -й семестр


Студента(ки) заочной формы обучения__________________________________________

^ Ф.И.О., полностью

_____________________________________________________________________________

зачетной книжки _________________________ группа__________________________

Специальность _______________________________________________________________

код и наименование специальности

_____________________________________________________________________________

варианта_________________ Выполнила _________________________

подпись студента(ки)


Работа предъявлена на проверку «____»_________20__г.__________________________

подпись преподавателя

Результаты проверки__________________________________________________________

Замечания, рекомендации_____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Проверил преподаватель «___»__________20__г. ________________________________

Ф.И.О., подпись

Вторично предъявлена на проверку «___»__________20__г. ______________________

подпись преподавателя

Результаты проверки_________________________________________________________

Замечания_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Проверил преподаватель «___»________20__г. __________________________________

^ Ф.И.О., подпись


Работа принята (проведено собеседование) «___»_______20__г____________________

подпись преподавателя


ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 2

РЕЦЕНЗИЯ

На контрольную работу


Студента(ки) __________________________________

(Ф.И.О.)

_________________ группы __________________ курса


Специальности ___________________________________

По дисциплине __________________________________

Тема: __________________________________________

  1. Соответствие контрольной работы заявленной теме, заданию: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  2. Оценка качества выполнения контрольной работы:_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  3. Оценка полноты разработки поставленных вопросов: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  4. Недостатки и замечания:_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  5. Оценка контрольной работы: _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Преподаватель: _________________/ ______________________




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