Министерство образования Российской Федерации
Кафедра делового иностранного языка
«HUNTING A JOB»
Методические указания по дисциплине
иностранный язык (английский)
к развитию речевых навыков по теме
«Поиск работы» для студентов 1-2 курсов
всех специальностей и форм обучения
факультета общего менеджмента
Редакционно-издательским советом СПбГИЭУ
Hunting a Job: Методические указания для студентов 1-2 курсов всех специальностей факультета «Общий менеджмент» по дисциплине «Деловой английский язык».
/Авторы-сост. Б.Л. Иванова, Т.В. Ружицкая. – СПб.: Изд-во СПбГИЭУ, 2003 - с. (СПбГИЭУ)
ст. преп. ^
ст. преп. Т.В. Ружицкая
канд. фил. наук, доц. Л.Т. Микулина
Подготовлено на кафедре
делового иностранного языка
Отпечатано в авторской редакции с оригинал-макета,
© СПбГИЭУ. 2003
Данный учебно-методический материал продолжает серию тем для обсуждения со студентами 1-4 курсов всех специальностей факультета «Общий менеджмент» и ориентировано на развитие речевых навыков по теме «Поиск работы».
В соответствии со структурой методической разработки серии “Successful Employment” издание состоит из 7 разделов:
Дополнительные тексты могут быть использованы для подготовки рефератов и докладов.
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( Если где-либо в разработке встречается знак *, это означает, что нужное слово или необходимую информацию можно найти в соответственном подразделе (Sections Vocabulary, Reference Information etc.) справочного отдела (Reference File).
‘ The person who looks for millions finds them quite rare, but the person who doesn’t look for them – finds never. .’
Onore de Balzaque *
Discuss the questions below.
• What job are you eager to get in future and why? When did you make such a decision?
• There are some individuals that "know" what they want to be from the time they are children. Have you ever met anybody like this?
• By what age (18? younger? older?) should a person “know" what he or she wants to do? Discuss your idea.
• Do you think that choosing an occupation is more difficult today than it used to be for young people 30 or 40 years ago?
• What should you do to get a job? Find a logical sequence of steps you should take.
a) get an invitation for an interview;
b) make an appointment with an employment agency counselor;
c) read the classified ads;
d) think what kind of job you want;
e) analyse your skills, personality traits and accomplishments;
f) get ready for the interview;
g) find out what employment agency you can use;
h) find out as much as you can about the company.
So, you have decided to get a particular job. Here are the options open to most people hunting a job:
• Reading newspapers and professional publications;
• Listening for word-of-mouth leads;
• Looking at bulletin boards;
• Distributing letters and resumes;
• Contracting executive recruiters to market you;
• Making cold calls;
• Using an outplacement firm;
• Using an "expanded resume service"
• Using the Internet.
Discuss in pairs or microgroups how you understand the options above.
Scan the short texts below and find out whether you are right.
Newspapers and Professional Publications.
Go to the library and look through every current and recent publication that would logically advertise for people with your qualifications. Make notes on everything that interests you or looks as though it might be close enough to get you noticed for something more appropriate. Note the names and addresses of points of contact -even if the job isn't what you are looking for at the moment. Set priorities and concentrate on current openings first. Get the big picture of which companies are hiring, and use that knowledge in your interview preparation. This kind of information helps you tap the "hidden" job market1 - positions that are not currently advertised but that are ready to be filled. Executive recruiters rely heavily on such finds as they market promising candidates. Success often comes for them (and for you) when the right resume is presented at the right time - which is not necessary limited to when everyone else is responding to an advertised vacancy.
Depending on your speciality you can sometimes walk through buildings housing companies in your field and find jobs posted. You can also take advantage of in-house postings by having your friends looking where they work. Government agencies and public employers have bulletin boards full of advertised positions - many require that you already be in the civil service system, but look and inquire. Doing so can generate other leads2. Office buildings have lobby bulletin boards posted with index cards seeking everything from clerical help to managers - sometimes to fill short-term, grant-generated positions that can lead to a permanent job.
Computer online services are the electronic equivalent of posting jobs and broadcasting resumes. Free services are sponsored by specialized professional groups - inquire with organizations and publications that represent your field. Commercial services are also available; with these you pay a fee to post your resume and examine job listings3.
Networking4 is one of your richest sources of current vacancy information. Talk to people who work where you would like to become employed. Let them know that you are interested in hearing about opportunities5 for which you might apply. Give them an information sketch of your professional background6 if they are not already aware of it and ask them to serve as a listening post for you - give them a resume. As a rule, people are complimented and welcome the chance to help.
If you have a highly marketable skill, take advantage of an executive recruiter to comb the marketplace for you. The first test of a reputable recruiter is that you pay the recruiter nothing - the company that hires you pays the fee. You can bet that the recruiter will not waste valuable time on you unless there is a good chance of collecting that fee. A recruiter's interest is one of the most honest appraisals of your market value.
Don't confuse executive recruiters with placement firms7 who charge to find you a job - this is an entirely different business. Pick a good recruiter, give him or her an exclusive for a reasonable period of time, and see what he or she can do. Ask whether you will be actively marketed or become part of a database for vacancies as they occur.
If you are willing to take an active role on your own behalf, use the directories of your profession and call people who would have a potential interest in hiring you.
• Let them know that you are available.
• Tell them what your qualifications are.
• Ask if they have any vacancies.
• If they don't have any vacancies, inquire as to who might
need your services now.
In effect, you become your own executive recruiter. If you can do it, you will greatly increase your chances of finding a good job.
Comprehension/interpretation. Check if you still remember the meaning of the terms below:
The “hidden” job market, bulletin boards, lead (n), electronic online services, job listing, word of mouth, networking, professional background, job opportunities, professional background, executive recruiters, cold calls.