Британцы покупают больше газет на человека, чем жители других западных стран. Несмотря на конкуренцию других сми, цифра тиража национальных ежедневных газет нес icon

Британцы покупают больше газет на человека, чем жители других западных стран. Несмотря на конкуренцию других сми, цифра тиража национальных ежедневных газет нес


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PART 1


ГАЗЕТЫ СЕГОДНЯ


Британцы покупают больше газет на человека, чем жители других западных стран. Несмотря на конкуренцию других СМИ, цифра тиража национальных ежедневных газет несколько отличается от той, что была в конце Второй мировой войны. Это происходит потому что средняя газета содержит в себе большое количество информации, что намного больше той информации, которую можно передать по радио или телевидению. Поэтому газета нацелена на людей с разнообразными вкусами и интересами.

Газеты содержат ряд статей с обзором театров и книг, гороскопом, информацией по путешествиям, основными статьями, кроссвордом, комиксами, программой телепередач и т.д. Для многих людей данные дополнения являются не менее важными, чем новости и страничка мнений. Читатели также могут высказывать свое мнение на страницах отзывов.

В Британии примерно 13 национальных ежедневных газет, 10 воскресных, 60 региональных вечерних и 10 региональных утренних газет. Так же есть сотни еженедельных местных газет. В этом плане Британская пресса достаточно необычна, она делится на 2 различных типа газет: качественная пресса (широкоформатная) и популярная пресса (малоформатная).


^ Качественная пресса:

Термин «Качественная пресса» используется для описания газет, которые главным образом были основаны до 1896 года, или которые придерживаются традиций журналов 18го или начала 19 века. Они содержат политические, производственные и культурные новости и их страницы выделяются для финансовых и международных новостей. Примерами качественной прессы являются – The Time, Financial Times, the Guardian, Daily Telegraph и the Independent. К качественным воскресным газетам относятся – The Sunday Times, the Observer, и the Sunday Telegraph. The Daily Telegraph с тиражом более миллиона копий продает в 2 раза больше копий, чем любое другое издание качественная прессы.


^ Популярная пресса:

Популярная пресса в основном представляет собой газеты, образованные после появления The Daily Mail в 1896 году. Сейчас такие газеты по большей части малоформатные, в половину качественной прессы. «Малоформатный» это термин, относящийся к фармацевтики, означает вещества спрессованные в таблетки. «Малоформатные газеты» спрессовывают новости и издают их на страницах небольшого размера. Они содержат сенсационные истории и их целью является зрительное развлечение читателей, используя такие методы, как огромны заголовки и фотографии. К другим популярным газетам относится the Daily Mirror, the Daily Star, Today. К воскресным газетам относится the Sunday Mirror, Sunday People, the News of the World. Газета The Sun издает самое большое кол-во копий, больше трех с половиной миллионов копий в день. The Daily Mail и The Daily Express и широкоформатную газету Sunday Express считают чем-то средним между качественной и популярной газетой.


Воскресные газеты:

Популярные воскресные газеты начали выпускаться в середине 19го века и были нацелены на тех людей, которые не могли себе позволить покупать более дорогие ежедневные издания. Практически все газеты, издающиеся в Британии по воскресеньям, являются национальными. На страницах качественных воскресных газет много места уделяют литературе и искусству, бизнесу и спорту, и основным статьям, которые тщательно исследуют какую-либо отдельную тему.


^ Региональные газеты:

Национальные газеты затрагивают национальные, западные и политические темы; региональные или местные газеты затрагивают общественный интерес. Местные утренние газеты страдали от высоких продаж среди национальной прессы. Общий тираж всех региональных изданий в областях примерно восемь миллионов копий, это половина тиража национальных газет.

В местной прессе термины «популярный» и «качественный» не имеют принципиального значения и газеты склонны быть политически нейтральными.

Так же существуют еженедельные местные газеты, содержащие статьи и очерки об обществе, в том числе и информацию о местных театральных и кино представлениях.

Большинство региональных газет выпускаются вечером, например Londons Evening Standard. Несмотря на популярность, ни у одной вечерней газеты нет такого тиража, как у национальных газет.

Самым большим изменением местных изданий было возрастание числа бесплатных страниц. Это те газеты, которые доставляются в каждый дом этого района. Некоторые из них содержат передовицы, но многие по большей части состоят из рекламы, которая финансирует газеты.


Exercise 1


Match the type of newspaper on the left with two typical things it contains on the right.

  1. Tabloids (popular press):

Sensational stories and large headlines

Picture of pretty women


  1. Broadsheets (quality press):

Political, industrial and cultural news

Financial matters and international news


c) Sunday papers:

Sections of literature and the arts

Color supplements or magazine


d) Regional papers:

Detail of local cinema and theatre performances

Matters concerning the community


e) Free sheets:

Limited editorial content

A large amount of advertising


Exercise 2


Answer the following questions:

1. Why are newspapers still very popular in Great Britain?

Newspapers are an integral part of British life. Nowadays an average newspaper contains a vast amount of information, far more than can be reproduced in a news broadcast on radio or television. Circulation figures for national daily newspapers are little different from what they were at the end of the World War II.


2. How do newspapers in Great Britain vary in their way of presenting news?

In Great Britain there are two types of newspapers: quality press and popular press. Each type has its own feature of presenting news. Quality press contains political, industrial and cultural news mostly. Popular press or tabloids contain sensational stories and aim to excite the reader.


3. How does the design of a popular paper differ from that of a serious one?

Popular press has a bright design. It uses large headlines and photographs to appeal to readers. In comparison of popular press, quality press has rather undramatic layout with lengthy article. In spite of this, quality press has the largest circulation.


4. What is a Sunday paper?

Sunday papers are papers which launch weekly on Sundays. Popular Sunday papers began in the mid-19th century and were aimed at people who couldn’t afford more expensive daily papers. The quality Sunday papers devote large sections to literature and the arts, business and sport, and have long feature articles which explore specific subjects in depth.


5. What matters do regional papers cover?

Regional, or local papers serve community interests, Weekly local papers contain articles about details of local theatre and cinema performance.


6. Is the circulation of regional papers as high as that of the national press?

No, it isn’t. The total circulation of all regional dailies in the provinces is around eight million, about half that of the national papers.


Exercise 3


Give English-Russian and Russian-English equivalents:

  1. цифра тиража; содержит большое кол-во информации; газета привлекает людей; разнообразные вкусы; ряд сообщений; мнение специалиста; страница; простой дизайн; фармацевтический термин; вещество спрессованное в таблетки; цель – визуально развлекать читателей; глубоко исследует отдельную тему; нацелена на общественные интерес; не имеют принципиального значения; возрастает последнее время.

  2. Per head; western countries; despite competition from other media; to be different from; to express own views; follow the tradition; contain political, industrial and cultural news; to devote page to finance matters; lengthy articles; the circulations of over a million copies; sell more than twice as many copies; be represented by; print on small sheets of papers; use techniques; couldn’t afford more expensive paper; to suffer from; the majority of regional newspapers.


Exercise 4

Translate from Russian into English:

  1. Despite cut-throat competition from other mass media, circulation figures for most of papers didn’t reduce lately.

  2. If you want to apply for a well-paid job, address to a circulation department.

  3. How many papers do you read every day on the average?

  4. “Novaya Gazeta” publishing once a week, appeal to young readers as well as elderly readers.

  5. The today’s paper contains some interesting items.

  6. English Sunday papers are aimed to people who can’t afford more expensive daily papers.

  7. Sunday papers devote large sections to literature and the arts; have long feature articles of specific subjects. They publish with colored addition.

  8. The total circulation of real dailies is eight million. They tend to be politically neutral.

  9. A lot of local free papers have been appeared lately. Some of them have an additional content, but many consist largely of the advertising which finances them.

  10. Unlike popular press, broadsheets have an average appearance and contain political, financial, industrial and cultural news. The oldest national paper is The Times, founded in 1785. The advertisement of the paper informs that it’s read by top people. The phrase “Any news isn’t news until it’s in the Times” became a catch-phrase.



Язык газет


Нехватка места в газете означает, что язык должен быть доступным и по сути. Существует разница в стиле написания малоформатной и качественной прессы. В популярных газетах самая сложная система построения предложения, так как дизайн газеты составлен таким образом, что под статьи выделяется очень мало места. Поэтому пользуются короткими предложениями, основной лексикой и разговорный английским. Малоформатная журналистика в Великобритании очень развитое искусство, и многие журналисты говорят, что сложнее написать короткую, но броскую статью для Сан, чем научную для "Таймс".


    1. What are the major differences in language between tabloid and quality papers?

To write an article popular tabloids use short sentences, basic vocabulary and very colloquial English. In comparison of popular press, quality press uses more learned language.


  1. Why are they different?

It happens so, because of the space available for articles. Popular tabloids have the tightest sentences construction because the style of the paper's layout. Quality press uses learned language, because newspapers of this kind give enough space for articles. Their article differs by its length.


  1. Which style is closed to that of the papers in your country?

I think Russia newspapers are closed to quality press style. The papers have rather lot of space for articles. Also there are some newspapers (especially Moscow Times) where the styles of tabloids and quality press are combined. For example, the front page contains short and sharp pieces with eye-catching headlines and the number of the page. At that pages people can read the lengthy variant of articles, where a learned language is used.


Exercise 5


Read and translate the texts:

a) Источники информации


Газета черпает информацию из многих источников. В национальных газетах, репортеры, работающие в редакции полный рабочий день, составляют содержание главных новостей. Ежедневная национальная газета может содержать до 80 репортеров. Использования репортеров означает, что у газеты больше шансов на эксклюзив – историю, о которой они напишут раньше других газет. Большинство репортеров просят освещать разные колонки. Репортеры работают вне офиса и могут собирать новости с помощью портативного текстового редактора по телефонной линии, соединенной с центральным компьютером. У каждого репортера есть определенный срок на составление статьи, к концу этого срока он должен проверить факты, опросить людей и записать очерк в понятной для чтения форме. Журналисты Таймс например могут воспользоваться 2мя библиотеками для проверки достоверности их фактов. Данные библиотеки содержат 20 миллионов газетных вырезок и около 5000 ссылок на книги.

Существуют другие лица для сбора информации, такие как местные или внешние корреспонденты, которые работают в тех областях, которые недоступны репортерам. Их услуги оплачиваются предварительными гонорарами. Внештатные журналисты работающие на себя, это специалисты в своей сфере, которые предлагают свои услуги различным изданиям.

Иностранные корреспонденты пишут заграничные новости. В широкоформатных газетах, где много места уделяется западным новостям, иностранные корреспонденты очень нужны и они работают под руководством иностранных редакторов.

Агентства новостей также снабжают газету национальными или западными новостями. В Британии одно из таких агентств, Ассоциация Прессы, являются собственностью областных газетных компаний. Оно готовит местные новости и сенсационный материал. Агентство также снабжает газету фотографиями и распределяет мировые новости из международные агентств таких как Рейтер и Ассошиэйтед Пресс.


b) Сбор новостей


Новости попадают в офисы газеты разными способами, не только благодаря газетным репортерам. Большинство новостей приходят в электронном варианте прямо из компьютерных систем. Судить какая информация точная, важная и стоящая – искусная работа. Редакторские совещания, где собираются все редакторы газеты для обсуждения главных статей, происходят 3, 4 раза в день. Это позволяет журналистам не отставать от главных новостей дня.

После того, как история выбрана, заместители редакторов начинают работу с дизайном страницы. Статью тщательно исследуют на наличие грамматических ошибок, проверяют точность и легальность информации. Замы могут переписать статьи, если они не точны и сделать их в нужном формате. Они так же планируют страницы в системе электронных страниц. Они придумывают броские заголовки к статьям и фотографиям.

Затем пишутся передовицы, которые проинформируют читателей о том, что газета думает о важных публикациях. Редактор, кто пишет передовицу, принимает последнее решение.


c) Complete the sentences below with one of these words:

1) A freelance writer is a self-employed journalist who sells his or her work to various newspapers.

2) A journalist who provides news from abroad is called a foreign correspondent.

3) ^ The leader writer is a person who writes editorials – what the paper thinks of important issues.

4) The person who decides on the news content and who must ensure the paper is profitable is the editor.

5) The sub-editor is the person who checks articles for accuracy, grammar and for any legal problems, and who puts the article into the paper’s style.

6) ^ The stuff reporter is a journalist employed full time by the paper to write the main news content.

7) The stringer is a local correspondent who covers areas which are hard for staff reporters to reach.


Exercise 6


Translate the interview on the press in Britain:

Q. First of all, James, could you tell me how important newspapers are in the British way of life?

J. Newspapers are an integral part of British life. Since cheep popular newspapers the Mail, the Express and the Mirror was founded, it happened when the printing press was invented, English people read a great amount of newspapers every day, including Sunday newspapers,

^ Q. Can you tell me a little bit more about the number and range of the papers that you have in Britain now?

J. Despite from many other countries, national press if developed highly in England. 12 morning papers and 9-10 Sunday papers are printed only in London. There is also a vast regional press, making a profit – around 60 evening papers circulate in big cities of the country. There are a bit less regional morning papers, such as the Yorkshire Post, the Oxford Main and others. Besides, we have hundreds of weekly local papers, which cover local news mostly/

^ Q. Do you think the British publish geed newspapers?

J. Frankly speaking, there are papers, for example, the Times, The Financial Times, which can be called the best of the world among those papers which launch in our country. We have also the newspapers, which can be called the worst in the world. These are popular papers, tabloids in other words. They are half the size of quality press. But this word began to mean cheep press for mass. It’s strange but to write for there papers is much harder that for quality press. These papers demand high skilled journalists.

^ Q. Is the British press funded by political parties?

J. Nowadays there is no financial connection between political parties and newspapers. Political coloring of the papers depend on editor fully and more even on the paper owner, which hire editors and discharge them if he doesn’t like him.


Exercise 7


Translate the advertisement into Russian.

Информационный еженедельник.

Журналист в своих лучших проявлениях.

«Мы – международный информационный еженедельник, главной целью которого является обеспечение своевременными, актуальными сообщениями и анализами недельных статей со всего мира. Наша цель – рассказывать и развлекать. Наша особая черта – весомые статьи с большими фотографиями и картинками в сообщениях недели. Мы представляем команду лучших бизнес комментаторов мирового уровня, которые выиграли больше наград, по сравнению с любыми другими командами.»


Exercise 8


Render in English:


a) “Itogi”

It’s a weekly newspaper for Russians in cooperation with American “Newsweek”. It covers reports, happening in Russia and abroad. The newspaper’s hallmark is an objective view upon events in policy, economy, science and culture, exclusive photos and archive documents. It has hidden motive of existent and prognosis for the future. It’s an obligatory reading for everyone, whose aim to realize what it happening around.


b) “Speak out”

A unique publication celebrated its anniversary lately. It was one year since the moments when the first Russian journal for English learners “Speak Out” appeared.

“Speak Out” appealed to senior pupils, students, teachers and those who like and want to know English. There is a lingvogeographical page “English-speaking world” among the columns of the magazine. Here you can find small novels about Christmas or mysterious Halloween, about the life of NY or far Australia, about Alfred Hitchcock and Walt Disney. There are compositions of American-English writers in the magazine – O’Henry, Maugham, Wales. The magazine has a section for experts, where nonadaptive stories with culturological notes in English are published.

Other headings of magazine are not less inviting also. You can find interesting facts from the Guinness Book of Records or modern word-formation on its. "Speak Out" does not forget about etiquette and offers models of compiling of the business correspondence. It has its own "the Wisdom Book" where you can read great people’s sayings. There is English humor, crosswords, scripts for school theatres, section for children, tasks of written entrance examinations in English language there. In a word, the magazine can be interested by adults and children, teachers and pupils, serious and easily amused; it can be read for entertainment, and used for lessons. We’re sure; you will find there everything you need too.

^ Think up an advertisement for you favorite newspaper or magazine.


Discovery

The next issue of monthly illustrated magazine Discovery has been published recently. This magazine can appeal to readers of various age and interests. Here you can find different articles connected with a science, techniques, geography, biology etc. The structure of the magazine is made in such a manner that everyone can find a heading they need. Almost each page of the magazine contains a lot of interesting facts about a life of people, the nature and the world as a whole.

In particular in a last issue there are interesting scientific articles on a theme - Maugli at the nature; the Trip round the world, the story of the traveler; All truth about ghosts; the Newest technologies in medicine: prosthetics; 10 most known perpetuums mobile and many other things.

Discovery will be interesting to everyone who wishes to learn something new, to expand an outlook and to spend time cognitively.


^ PART 2


ЗАГОЛОВКИ

Эти странные заголовки

Когда газетные репортеры и внешние сотрудники редакции собирают информацию для газеты, ее так называемую копию передают редакторам отдела. Им необходимо подготовить заголовки, которые в краткой форме проинформируют читателей о содержании статьи или репортажа.

У редакторов так же есть сложность в том, чтобы расположить данные заголовки в очень узкие колонки. Длинные слова неудобны, поэтому для заголовков используются короткие. Это стало причиной зарождения языка журналистики, который мы называем «Заголовочный английский».

Каким же образом редакторы подбирают короткие, находчивые заголовки, которые были бы понятны читателям этой газеты?

Первый и самый очевидный способ - это укоротить имена известных людей, таким образом в заголовочном английском Sir Alec Douglas-Home становится Alec или Home.

Второй особенностью заголовочного английского – это замена прилагательных на существительные, так как последние короче.

Могут встречаться заголовки, содержащие в себе несколько существительных собранных вместе, например, “Smoking Repost Outcry Clash”. Данный заголовок представляет собой репортаж, сделанный для медицинского совета по вопросу опасного влияния курения, особенно сигарет, на здоровье. Мнение докторов вызвало тревогу и несогласие среди курильщиков и табачные компании оспаривают это решение и выступают против докторов. И все это вместилось в заголовке четырьмя словами.

Еще одна привычка редакторов использовать аббревиатуры названий организаций и институтов, что чаще встречается в репортажах связанных с преступлениями. Вы наверняка слышали про Департамент Уголовного Розыска (Criminal Investigation Department), в который входит Скотланд-Ярд (Scotland Yard). Иногда используются инициалы CID, а иногда просто загадочный “Yard”. Я видел заголовок оповещающий что «Ярд идет против Сорняков». Это не имеет ничего общего с садоводством и земледелием. Это означало, что полиция выступает против людей, незаконно производящих и употребляющих сигареты с марихуаной. Также можно применять довольно устаревшие слова, так как они короткие. Слово “conference” (конференция) очень длинное, поэтому редакторы иногда предпочитают слово “parley” (дискуссия, переговоры), которое сейчас никто не использует в качестве описания дискуссии в обычном разговоре. Но в прессе Торговый Союз (Trade Union) сокращается до TU, а Trade Union Conference становится TU Parley.

Реклама по продажам газет утверждает, что газетные заголовки используют один и тот же заголовочный язык, и для приезжих это может быть сложным для понимания. Кто-то, увидев короткий заголовок “English Collapse”, может подумать, что нация разорена. Но это возможно означает что английские отбивающие плохо сыграли на матче по крикету.


Exercise 1


  1. For each of the following headline find the sentence below which expresses it as it would appear in an ordinary news announcement.

«POLLS RIGGES» CHARGES – Allegations have made that election results were falsified.

TWO SOUGHT AFTER BREAK-OUT DRAMA – Police are hunting two men who made a daring escape from prison by helicopter

CABIN RESHUFFLE URGED – Strong appeals have been made to the Prime Minister to make changes in his ministers.

SERVICE CHIEFS GAGGED; TWO QUIT – Senior officers of the armed forces have been instructed not to talk to the media and, as a result, two of them have resigned.

GEMS HAUL SEIZED IN SWOOP – Police raided a house today and took possession of jewellery stolen in a recent robbery.


^ 2. Match each of the following words from the headline above with its meaning below,

CHIEF – director, high-ranking officer or official

DRAMA – exciting, dramatic event

RESHUFFLE – rearrange, rearrangement (of senior jobs)

GAG – the silence, censor, censorship

GEMS - jewels

SWOOP – raid, to raid

POLL(S) – election, voting, public opinion survey

QUIT – to resign, leave

SEEK/SOUGHT – to look for, ask for, want

RIG - falsify

HAUL – goods stolen in robbery or taken by police or customs


^ Give English equivalents:

Голосование – ROLL(S)

Фальсифицировать – RIG

Драгоценность – GEMS

Украденные вещи – HAUL

Облава – SWOOP

Драматическое событие – DRAMA

Высокопоставленные лица – CHIEF

Заставить замолчать – GAG

Уйти в отставку – QUIT

Перестановка – RESHUFFLE


^ 3. Express each of the following headlines as it would appear in an ordinary news announcement.

a) EDITORS URGE END TO PRESS GAG. – Press employees express their wishes to put an end to publication prohibition.

b) INDIA SEEKS US AID. - Republic of India is asking the United States of America for help.

c) GEM SMUGGLERS CAUGHT IN PORT SWOOP. – Robbers who had stolen jewellery were caught by police raid in the port.

d) BANK RAID CASH HAUL FOUND: 3 CHARGED. – Police arrest three robbers, who are suspected of raiding the bank and stealing the money.

e) HEAD QUITS OVER «RIGGED» EXAM RESULTS. – After the detection of the fact that, the results of the exam has been falsified, the head had to resign.

f) RAIL CHIEF RESHUFFLED AFTER BIG LOSSES. – The director of the rail carrier made a rearrangement after a lot of dismissal.

g) GOVT DEFEATED IN POLL DRAMA – The government won the exciting and dramatic voting.


4. For each of the following words, all frequently used in headlines, find the meaning in the list below. Then Express each headline as it would appear in an ordinary news announcement.

MOVE – action, step, to take action
CLASH – fighting, argument, conflict, to argue, to fight.
WOO – attempt, to attempt
BID – to try to attack
FOIL – to prevent
HALT – stop, to stop
OUST – to force out of office, remove from
QUIZ – to question, interrogate
PLEA – strong request, call for help, appeal
BAN – to prohibit, prohibition
BACK – support, to support
FLEE – run away from, escape

a) DICTATOR OUSTED: PLEA FOR CALM – Dictator has been displaced, that why calmness must be restored

b) NEW MOVES TO HALT BORDER CLASHES – New actions has been made to avoid the collision of borders.

c) GOVT BACKS ARMS BAN TO WOO LEFT – The government supported the Army to prohibit the attempt of leaving.

d) KIDNAP BID FOILED: 3 QUIZZED, 2 FLEE – The attempt to prevent the kidnappers’ action gave the results – three of them are being interrogated, two of them were escaped


^ Give English equivalents for:

Предотвратить – FOIL

Обращение – PLEA

Попытка - WOO

Остановить – HALT

Запрещение – BAN

Столкновение – CLASH

Поддерживать – BACK

Снять (с поста) – OUST

Бежать – FLEE

Пытаться привлечь (на свою сторону) – BID

Шаг (действие) – MOVE

Допрашивать – QUIZ


^ 5. Instruction as above

SPLIT – divide, division
LEAK – to escape, escape (of secret information)
REDDLE – mystery
PROBE – investigate, investigation
AXE –close, dismiss, cancel, closure, dismissal
LIFT – remove (restrictions, prohibitions)

CURB – restrict, restriction
BAFFLED – at a loss to explain, mystified.
STORM – angry argument
CALL – to demand, to appeal, demand, appeal
RAP – criticize, reprimand
ENVOY – diplomat, ambassador

a) CABINET LEAK: CALL FOR PROBE – Government demands to make an investigation in consequence of losses of secret information.

b) EEC SRLIT OVER LIFTING OF TRAVEL CURBS – EEC has been divided because of canceling of travel restriction

c) DEAD ENVOY RIDDLE: YARD BAFFLED – A leading ambassador has been killed: Scotland Yard is at a loss to explain the situation

d) PM RAPS BBC IN JOBS AXE STORM – Prime Minister criticizes BBC for the fact of mass reduction of the staff


^ Give English equivalents for:

Загадка – REDDLE

Утечка (информации) – LEAK

Посланник – ENVOY

Увольнение (сокращение) – AXE

Снять (ограничения) – LIFT

Критиковать, резко высказываться – RAP

Озадачить, сбить с толку – BAFFLED

Ограничение, обуздание – CURB

Раскол – SPLIT

Расследование – PROBE

Призыв, требование – CALL

Возмущение – STORM


^ 6. Make brief headlines from the following news stories.

a) Eighteen people were killed when the army tried to overthrow the government – GOVT OUST WOO BY ARMY: 18 DEAD

b) A leading diplomat has been mysteriously murdered. – DEAD ENVOY RIDDLE

c) The Prime Minister is trying to win the support of the coal miners trade union. – PM PLEAS COAL TU BACK

d) The director of British Petroleum has been forced to resign – BP CHIEF OUSTED

e) A Member of Parliament was questioned by the police in an investigation into the use of illegal drugs – MP QUIZED IN PROBE FOR DRUG USE


^ 7. Express the following headline in ordinary English.

a) PEER DIES IN FLATS BLAZE DRAMA - A leading Peer died at his home because of ignition in the flat.

b) BLAST TOLL RISING: WITNESSES SOUGHT. A powerful explosion happened; the police are looking for the witnesses of this occurrence.

c) COMMONS STORM OVER DEFENCE CUTS – The burghers express angry argument against the reduction of the staff.

d) M-WAY DEATH CRASH: BRITON HELD – A great wreck occurred in the Motor-Way; there was fatal case; the police detain an Englishman.


Exercise 2


Give some information on:

  1. Newspapers in the USA.

Millions of people read popular issues of newspapers & magazines in their spare time. Newspapers publish articles which cover the latest international and national events, give a full coverage of commercial, financial and public affairs. Many people buy newspapers also for the radio and TV programs which are printed there. A lot of magazines give an opportunity for youth to be in known in the fashion world, cultural life, sensational news & nightlife events; there we can find reports on education & sports.

There are a lot of popular newspapers in the USA. Here are some information about the most famous of them:


^ 1. The New York Times is an American daily newspaper founded in 1851 and published in New York City. The largest metropolitan newspaper in the United States, "The Gray Lady"—named for its staid appearance and style—is regarded as a national newspaper of record.

The Times is owned by The New York Times Company, which publishes 18 other newspapers, including the International Herald Tribune and The Boston Globe. The company's chairman is Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., whose family has controlled the paper since 1896.

The New York Times motto, as printed in the upper left-hand corner of the front page, is "All the News That's Fit to Print." It is organized into sections: News, Opinions, Business, Arts, Science, Sports, Style and Features. The Times stayed with the eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six columns, and it was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography. The Times has won the most Pulitzer Prizes (98) of any paper. Its website is one of the most popular, receiving over 14 million unique visitors in August 2008.


2. The Washington Post is the newspaper with the largest circulation in Washington, D.C., United States and is the city's oldest paper, founded in 1877. Being located in the nation's capital, it has a particular emphasis on national politics and international affairs. It is a newspaper of record and a regional paper; only D.C., Maryland, and Virginia editions are printed for daily circulation.

The newspaper is published as a broadsheet, with photographs printed both in color as well as in black and white. Weekday printings include the main section, containing the first page, national, international news, politics, and editorials and opinions, followed by the sections on local news (Metro), sports, business, style (feature writing on pop culture, politics, fine and performing arts, film, fashion, and gossip), and classifieds.

The Sunday edition includes the weekday sections as well as several weekly sections: Outlook (opinion and editorials), Style & Arts, Sunday Source, Travel, Book world, Comics, TV Week, and the Washington Post Magazine. Beyond the newspaper, the Washington Post under its parent company of The Washington Post Company is involved with the Washington post.

In 1889, John Phillip Sousa composed on behalf of the newspaper "The Washington Post March", which later became one of the most famous march music pieces. Perhaps the most notable incident in the Post's history was when, in the early 1970s, reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein began the media's investigation of Watergate. This contributed greatly to the resignation of President Richard Nixon. In later years, its investigative reporting has led to increased review of the Walter Reed Army Medical Center.

Since Leonard Downie, Jr. was named executive editor in 1991, the Post has won 25 Pulitzer Prizes, more than half of the paper's total collection of 47 Pulitzers awarded. This includes six separate Pulitzers given in 2008, the second-highest record of Pulitzers ever given to a single newspaper in one year. The Post has also received 18 Nieman Fellowships, and 368 White House News Photographers Association awards, among others.


3. The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an English-language international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company, a division of News Corporation, in New York City, with Asian and European editions. As of 2007, It has a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million, with approximately 931,000 paying online subscribers. It was the largest-circulation newspaper in the United States until November 2003, when it was surpassed by USA Today. Its main rival is the London-based Financial Times, which also publishes several international editions

The Journal newspaper primarily covers U.S. and international business and financial news and issues—the paper's name comes from Wall Street, the street in New York City that is the heart of the financial district. It has been printed continuously since being founded July 8, 1889, by Charles Dow, Edward Jones, and Charles Bergstresser. The newspaper has won the Pulitzer Prize thirty-three times, including 2007 prizes for backdated stock options and for the adverse impact of China's booming economy.


  1. ^ Newspapers in the country of your Oriental language

And here are some facts about popular Russian newspapers:


1. Komsomolskaya Pravda (Russian: Комсомо́льская пра́вда; meaning Komsomol Truth) is a Russian tabloid newspaper. It was the All-Union newspaper of the Soviet Union and an official organ of the Central Committee of the Komsomol between 1925 and 1991. It was established according to the decision of the 13th Congress of the Russian Communist Party (b) and the first issue was published on May 24, 1925.

After the breakup of the USSR it turned a Russian nationwide daily tabloid newspaper and is currently owned by Media Partner. Media Partner is owned by ECN Group, an energy company led by Grigory Berezkin, who has close links to Gazprom. It once had a circulation figure of around 20,354,000,[citation needed] making it second only to the Trud newspaper. It is currently the top-selling newspaper in Russia, with daily circulation ranging from 700,000 to 3.1 million.


2. Vedomosti (Russian: Ведомости, literally "The Record") is a Russian language business daily. It is a joint venture between Dow Jones, the Financial Times and Independent Media (Publishing House), publishers of The Moscow Times.

Vedomosti is a unique project called into being by Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal, the world’s leading business newspapers. Together with the largest Russian publishing house Independent Media, they have been publishing Vedomosti since 1999.

Vedomosti sees its mission in providing readers with timely, detailed and objective coverage. More than 100 journalists in Moscow and regions of Russia, with the help of reporters of Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal’s international networks, inform readers on a daily basis about the most important economic, political, financial and corporate events, offering an in-depth analysis and forecasts.


3. The Moscow Times is an English-language daily newspaper published in Moscow, Russia since 1992. The circulation in April 2006 stood at 35,000 copies and the newspaper is typically given out for free at places English-language "expats" attend, including hotels, cafés and restaurants, as well as by subscription, though it is being increasingly read by English-speaking Russians. It is not available at newsstands.

The paper began as a twice weekly publication, before becoming a daily newspaper after a few months. Based in the old headquarters of Pravda, it was the first Western daily to be published in Russia.


Until 2005, the paper was owned by Independent Media, a Moscow-registered publishing house that also prints a Russian-language daily newspaper, Vedomosti, The St. Petersburg Times (the equivalent of the Moscow Times in Saint Petersburg) and Russian-language versions of popular glossy magazines such as FHM, Men's Health and Cosmopolitan. That year, Independent Media was acquired by the Finnish publishing group Sanoma.

The Editor-in-Chief is Andrew McChesney, who was promoted to the position in June 2006 after serving in a number of capacities in the newspaper.

The newspaper regularly publishes articles by prominent Russian journalists, many of whom take critical positions towards the current Russian government in general. The paper itself is often regarded as a source of high quality journalism. It is frequently cited by foreign media as a source for Russian political and economic news.[citation needed]

In 2009, the Moscow Times published Russia for Beginners: A Foreigners Guide to Russia, a guide for foreigners written by foreign authors who have lived in Russia, and offers their experiences in Russia.

The newspaper, as well as its sister publication, the The St. Petersburg Times, are owned by SanomaWSOY.


4. Argumenty i Fakty (Russian: "Аргументы и факты", commonly abbreviated "АиФ" - English: Arguments and Facts) is a weekly newspaper based in Moscow and a publishing house in Russia and worldwide. As of 2008, it is owned by Promsvyazbank and the newspaper is edited by Nikolay Zyatkov.

According to its own claim, it used to have the largest circulation in the world. In 1990 it had a print run of 33.5 million and was entered in Guinness World Records. Its current circulation (as of 2008) is about 3 million copies, with about 7 million readers.

It was founded in 1978 by the Russian organisation "Knowledge" («3нание») to provide propagandists with statistical and other hard-to-find information. In 1980 AiF was transformed into a weekly but was not in wide circulation. It was available only by subscription to a closed circle of political 'spinners'. After 1985, it was one of the leading publications in the Glasnost campaign.


  1. ^ Turn to newspapers. Look through the latest issue of one of them and make a review of the material published on its pages.



An article preview


The article I’m going to render in taken from “The Moscow Times” dated the 25th of May.

This article covers the problem of the epidemic of the swine flu spending the planet. Till today the appearance of the flu was registered in the USA, the epicenter of the disease, Spain and Japan.

There is registered the second case of the disease in Russia. The diseased is a man from Kaluga, who returned from his honeymoon in Dominican Republic. The man of 25 with his wife came back to Russia in searching for the medical help. The Kaluga man has been hospitalized late on Thursday with the flu symptoms.

The article draws attention to the fact that the wife has been placed under medical observation, but no signs of the virus have been confirmed. Speaking about the man’s condition, it considered to be satisfactory.

The article also pointed out that his case was opened two days later after the registering the first case of the swine flu in Russia. The first victim is a 28-year-old man, an inhabitant of Zhukovksy, who works in New York University. The man came to visit his relatives and felt sick. He has been taken to hospital, having the high temperature and some other symptoms of the flu. The patient’s condition got much better and he was discharged from hospital on Monday.

The Federal Consumer Protection Service said in a statement that more than 1,991 flights with 146,846 passengers and 13,875 crew members arriving to Russia from abroad have been screened at eleven of the country's international airports.

The information giving in this article goes on to say health authorities got the culture of the flu. It was known that the specialists are working under the vaccine against the disease and it will appear soon.

But till that moment it was recommended Russians to avoid visiting countries where swine flu cases have been confirmed.






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