WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS TO BE REMEMBERED
Exercise 1. Give Russian equivalents to the following words and
To support military spending; Republican candidate; to oppose slavery; government; to support big business; to establish social programs; member of the Republican party; to have equal rights; to oppose change; to limit the power of the national government; democratic politicians; to belong to the Democratic party; to win local elections; term of office.
Exercise 2. Give English equivalents to the following words and
Одобрять перемены, член демократической партии, одержать победу на президентских выборах, республиканская партия, ограничить власть, политик, кандидат от Демократической партии, правительство, принадлежать к Республиканской партии.
Exercise 3. Make pairs of synonyms:
Exercise 4. Complete the text with the words and word combinations
from the box:
Exercise 5. Make up word expressions and translate them:
Exercise 6. Match each word on the left with the correct definition
on the right:
Exercise 7. Read and translate the text.
The U.S. Constitution does not talk about political parties, but they began during George Washington’s term of office. On one side were the Federalists. They wanted a strong federal government. Their leader was Tomas Jefferson, and their group later became the Democratic Party.
Some of the political parties, such as the Federalists and the Wings, no longer exist. Since 1864, the two major parties have been the Democrats and the Republicans. Smaller parties have lasted for only a short time. “Third parties” have won in the local elections, but their candidates have never won a presidential election.
Many people say that there is not much difference between the Republican and Democratic parties. “Liberal” politicians usually favour reform (change) and progress. “Conservative” politicians usually oppose change. But both political parties and their ideas often change with the time and the issues.
The Democratic Party is the oldest party in the United States. In 1829 Andrew Jackson became the first Democratic President. Since that time, the issues of the nation and the ideas of the party have changed. Both the major parties have liberal and conservative members, but in general people consider the Democrats today more liberal than the Republicans. Democrats often want the government to establish social programs for people in need, such as the poor, the unemployed and the elderly. They usually say they believe in equal rights for women and minorities, and they oppose nuclear weapons and too much military spending. The symbol of the Democratic Party is the donkey.
The Republican Party began in 1854 over the issue of slavery. Republicans opposed slavery. The first Republican candidate to become President was Abraham Lincoln. After the Civil War, Republicans got interested in farm, land and business issues. In general, Republicans vote more conservatively than Democrats. They want the government to support big business but not to control the lives of citizens. They often oppose government spending for social programs but support military spending. The party symbol is the elephant.
Exercise 8. Answer the following questions:
Exercise 9. React to the following statements using the phrases from
ex. 6, Unit I.
Exercise 10. Make up dialogues on the following topics:
Exercise 11. Imagine you create your own party. Describe it according
to the following plan: