WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS TO BE REMEMBERED
Exercise 1. Find the equivalents.
Exercise 2. Give Russian equivalents to the following expressions.
Crime against property; kidnapping; rape; to punish; felony; treason; prison escape; to steal money; burglary; extortion; perjury; gambling; misdemeanor.
Exercise 3. Read and translate the text.
There are many ways to classify crimes. One is to ask what interests have been injured by the crime. Thus there are crimes against the person and crimes against property. Crimes against the person contain an element of force, physical contact: murder, manslaughter, rape, kidnapping, robbery and assault. Crime against property include the various forms of stealing (burglary, theft, shoplifting) and frauds, extortion, forgery and arson. There are also crimes against public order. These ones include disorderly conduct, prison escape, rioting and perjury. There are also crimes against morality. Examples are gambling, drunkenness, prostitution, and drug abuse. We also can speak about “regulatory” crimes: violations of weights and measures law, criminal monopoly and so on. Usually criminal law has three classes of crime: treason, felony and misdemeanor.
Treason is the crime of betraying or attacking the nation.
Felonies are serious crimes, generally punishable by death penalty or imprisonment in prison for more than one year’s time.
Misdemeanors are lesser crimes, than are usually punished by a fine or a short time of imprisonment.
Exercise 4. Answer the following questions based on the text.
Exercise 5. Fill in the following table: