Учебное пособие Рекомендовано Дальневосточным региональным учебно-методическим центром icon

Учебное пособие Рекомендовано Дальневосточным региональным учебно-методическим центром



Смотрите также:
Учебное пособие по развитию навыков устной речи для студентов неязыковых вузов...
Учебное пособие Для студентов вузов Рекомендовано Сибирским региональным учебно-методическим...
Курс теоретической механики : Учебное пособие А. В. Чигарев, Ю. В...
Учебное пособие Рекомендовано Сибирским региональным учебно-методическим центром высшего...
Учебное пособие Рекомендовано Учебно-методическим объединением по образованию в области водного...
Конспект лекций...
Конспект лекций...
Тесты для диагностики психических качеств личности. 2-е изд., испр...
Учебное пособие Рекомендовано учебно-методическим советом угаэс уфа 2006...
Прикладная информатика в экономике Бийск Издательство Алтайского государственного технического...
Учебное пособие Рекомендовано учебно-методическим советом угаэс уфа-2006...
Учебное пособие Рекомендовано учебно-методическим советом угаэс уфа-2006...



страницы: 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   25
вернуться в начало
скачать
^




Unit IV




You and the Law




Section I




You and the Law




WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS TO BE REMEMBERED





accused

real estate

case

sentence

court

to accuse

defendant

to be guided by

defender

to be guilty

innocent

to defend

jury

to include

law

to protect

lawyer

to punish

legal

to restrict


Exercise.1 Give Russian equivalents to the following expressions.


To protect; to punish; to restrict; to regulate relationships; a system of rules; to live peacefully; to include many people; legal profession; well-respected people; local community; two kinds of lawyers; to deal with clients face-to-face; the accused person; listen to the evidence; the person is guilty; to pass sentence.


Exercise.2. Find the equivalents:


1. public law

a. административное право

2. civil law

b. частное право

3. constitutional law

c. уголовное право

4. international law

d. конституционное право

5. administrative law

e. гражданское право

6. criminal law

f. конституционное право

7. private law

g. международное право


Exercise 3. Find the equivalents:


1. judge

a. свидетель

2. jury

b. истец

3. solicitor

c. судья

4. witness

d. подсудимый

5. prosecutor

e. адвокат

6. magistrate

f. суд присяжных

7. defendant

g. мировой судья

8. plaintiff

h. прокурор


Exercise 4. Translate the following sentences from Russian into

English:


1. Юрист защищает наши права.

2. Закон – система правил.

3. Мир права включает много юридических профессий.

4. Существует два вида юристов.

5. В зале суда мы можем встретить: судью, прокурора,

свидетелей, присяжных, ответчика и истца.

6. Он помогал обвиняемому подготовить дело защиты.

7. Судья выносит приговор.

8. Суд присяжных решает, виновен или невиновен обвиняемый.

9. Частное право имеет дело с недвижимостью.


Exercise 5. Read and translate the text.

^

You and the Law



Every day of our lives we are guided by law. It protects us while it restricts us. Sometimes it punishes us. Law is a system of rules. Members of society establish these rules in order to live together peacefully.

There are two major classifications of laws: public law and civil law. Public law includes constitutional law, international law, administrative law and criminal law. Public laws are passed to regulate the relationships between individuals and the government. Private law and civil law include the rules that regulate the relationships among people and are concerned with contracts, real estate, and personal injury.

Law world includes many people. The legal profession is the largest in world, in absolute numbers.

If you are prosecuted for a crime in Britain, you may meet the following people during your process through the courts: magistrates, solicitors, barristers, jury, judges, attorney, claimant (plaintiff), defendant, prosecutor, witness and others.

Magistrates are unpaid judges, usually chosen from well-respected people in the local community. They are not legally qualified.

In England, there is a sharp distinction between two kinds of lawyers: barristers and solicitors.

Barristers, in their wigs and robbers, act as courtroom lawyers. Solicitors do everything else, but cannot appear before the higher courts. Solicitors are less prestigious than barristers; but only solicitors deal with clients face-to-face on a regular basis. After the accused person has been arrested, the first person, he needs to see is a solicitor. Solicitors are qualified lawyers who advise the accused and help to prepare the defense case. In more serious cases, or where there are special legal difficulties, it is usual for the solicitor to hire a barrister to defend the accused.

Jury consists of twelve men and women from the local community. They sit in the courtroom, with a judge and listen to the evidence given in court and decide whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. If the person is found guilty, the punishment is passed by the judge. Jury is seldom used in civil cases.

Judges are the lawyers, usually ex-barristers, who sit in the court. The judge rules on the points of law, and passes sentence.


Exercise 6. Answer the following questions:


1. Why is it important for people to develop rules of conduct?

2. What are the classifications of law?

3. What is public law?

4. What is civil law?

  1. What people does law world include?



Exercise 7. There are many legal professions. What one would you

choose? Why? Give your reasons.






оставить комментарий
страница6/25
Дата17.09.2011
Размер1 Mb.
ТипУчебное пособие, Образовательные материалы
Добавить документ в свой блог или на сайт

страницы: 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   25
отлично
  2
Ваша оценка:
Разместите кнопку на своём сайте или блоге:
rudocs.exdat.com

Загрузка...
База данных защищена авторским правом ©exdat 2000-2017
При копировании материала укажите ссылку
обратиться к администрации
Анализ
Справочники
Сценарии
Рефераты
Курсовые работы
Авторефераты
Программы
Методички
Документы
Понятия

опубликовать
Документы

наверх