Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007 icon

Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007


2 чел. помогло.
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87. Translate the sentences paying attention to the Complex Object with the Participle.

1. We have already mentioned this method as affording good results. 2. Bohr recognized the substance as having a condensed-ring system. 3. He conceived valence as being a property of atoms and to be a constant for each element. 4. We may think of this molecule as being just like one of benzene. 5. We know the small NH2 group as conjugated with the ring in durene. 6. Faraday never considered bodies as ex­isting with nothing between them but distance, and acting on one another according to some function of that distance. 7. The caller can rely on the service promised by the state­ment as having been performed. 8. He regards this concept as being not a simple one. 9. We have the program debugged. 10. He had our research group presented at the last sympo­sium. 11. He has got himself fooled. 12. I had others consid­er my opinion.


home exercises


^ 1. Write the appropriate form of the infinitive.

I went –

she has been playing –

he had worked –

it was read –

they have been informed –

he is writing –

it is fixed –

he will type –

he was cleaning –

she will be sleeping –


2. Read these conversations. Write a summary sentence for each conversation. Choose the appropriate verb from the box, and use the gerund form of the verb in parentheses.

admit avoid consider deny enjoy go mind quit

1. Tom, do you want to go jogging with me before work? - No, thanks, Ann. I really don't like that kind of exercise.

Summary: Tom doesn't ………………………….………………. (jog)

2. Would you like a cigarette, Martha? - Oh, no, Ralph, thanks. I don't smoke anymore.

Summary: Marta ………………………………….…………….. (smoke)

3. What are you doing after work, An-ling? - I'm going to that new swimming pool. Would you like to go with me, Chen?

Summary: An-ling is going to …………………………………………….. (swim)

4. I smell smoke in here. Ellen, you had a cigarette, didn't you? No, I didn't, Jim.

Summary: Ellen …………………………………………….. (smoke)

5. You're lazy, Mike. You really need to exercise more. - You're right, Irene. I am lazy.

Summary: Mike …………………………………………….. lazy. (be)

6. Would you like a piece of chocolate cake, Phil? - No, thanks, Monica. I try to stay away from sweets.

Summary: Phil …………………………………………….. sweets. (eat)

7. I know exercise is important, but I hate it. What about you, Vilma? - Well, I don't love it, but it's OK, Craig.

Summary: Vilma doesn't …………………………………………… (exercise)

8. We've been working too hard. Maybe we need a vacation, Erik. - A vacation? Hmm. That's an interesting idea. Do you think we can afford it, Alice?

Summary: Erik and Alice ……………………………………… a vacation. (take)


^ 3. Complete the article with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses.

Most people make careful plans when they ……………………… (decide / take) a vacation. Yet when they ……………………… (attempt / find) a mate, they depend on luck. Edward A. Dreyfus, PhD, …………………………….. (warn / single people / not / leave) love to chance. He ………………………….. (urge / them / use) his Master Relationship Plan when they search for a life partner. Remember: when you ………………………………. (fail / plan), you ……………………… (plan / fail).

Step one: Make a list. What kind of person do you ………………………… (wish / meet)? Someone intelligent? Someone who loves sports? List everything.

^ Step Two: Make another list. What kind of person are you? List all your characteristics. …………………………….. (Ask / two friends / read) this list and comment on it. ………………………………. (Tell / them / not / worry) about hurting your feelings. The two lists should match.

^ Step three: Increase your chances. ……………………………. (Choose / participate) in activities you like.

Step four: Ask for introductions. Dr. Dreyfus ………………………… (advise / people / not / feel) embarrassed to ask. Everyone ……………………… (want / be) a matchmaker!


^ 4. Rephrase the following using the infinitive or the - ing form as in the example:

You have to eat your carrots.

I must exercise more often.

She has to take her medicine every day.

I saw him give you the letter.

He has to talk to me politely.

They mustn't go to bed late.

We visited Sue before Christmas.

I want ...you to eat your carrots.

I want...............................................................

The doctor wants.............................................

I remember.......................................................

I want...............................................................

I don't want......................................................

I remember.......................................................


^ 5. Read this ad for a remote control.

The SMART Touch 100

You can program this powerful remote to operate up to six video and audio components – your TV, VCR, stereo, cassette deck, and more. It's easy and convenient to use. So, get smart, get the SMART Touch.

Imagine that it could control everything in your house – not only electronic equipment. Write down what you would use it to do?

Example: I'd use it to turn on the shower, to open the windows…


^ 6. Write an ad for a new electronic gadget. Describe a real item, or invent one. Use the infinitive of purpose.


7. For each short conversation, use a verb from the box, followed by an infinitive or an object + infinitive.

agree remind would like invite need forget encourage

1. Karen: (Yawn) Don't you have a meeting tomorrow? Maybe you should go home and get some sleep. - Tom: It’s only eleven. And Star Wars is on in five minutes!

Summary: Karen would like Tom to go home.

2. Kurt: Hey, honey, are you planning to buy gas soon? - Lily: I was just leaving.

Summary: Kurt ……………………………………………………

3. John: We're going out for coffee. Would you like to join us? - Mary: I'd love to.

Summary: John ……………………………………………………

4. Dad: I expect you to come home by 10:30. Do you understand? If you don't, I'm grounding you for two weeks. - Jason: OK, OK. Take it easy, Dad.

Summary: Jason ……………………………………………………

5. Don: You didn't go to the staff meeting. We missed you. - Jeff: Oh, no! The staff meeting!

Summary: Jeff ……………………………………………………

6. Mom: Don't be scared, sweetie. Just try once more. You'll love it. - Lisa: I hate to ice skate. I always fall down.

Summary: Lisa’s Mom ……………………………………………………

7. Brad: Are you using the car tonight? - Terry: Well ... I have a lot of shopping to do. And I promised Susan I'd give her a ride.

Summary: Terry ……………………………………………………


^ 8. Read the conversation. Underline all the infinitives that express a purpose.

- Its 5:00. Aren't you going home?

- No. I'm staying late to finish this report. What about you? Are you going straight home?

- No. I'm going to stop at the bank to get some cash. Then I'm going to Lacy’s Department Store to take advantage of the sale they're having.

- Oh, what are you going to get?

- One of those new electronic organizers they're advertising. I've been looking for something to help me with my work.

- What's wrong with just a regular calculator?

- Nothing. But sometimes I have to convert other currencies to dollars.

- What else are you going to use it for?

- Oh, to store important names and phone numbers and to balance my checkbook.

- What did we do before they invented all these electronic gadgets?

- We made a lot of mistakes!


^ 9. Match each action with its purpose.

Action

1. He enrolled in Chinese 101 because he

2. She took a bus because she

3. She went to the store because she

4. We disconnected our phone because we

5. He turned on the radio because he

6. He didn't tell me he was sick because he

7. She bought a Datalator because she

Purpose

a) didn't want to get any phone' calls.

b) didn't want to be late.

c) wanted to store information.

d) wanted to listen to the news.

e) didn't want to worry me.

f) needed to buy some dishes.

g) wanted to learn the language.


Now combine the sentences. Use the infinitive of purpose.

1. He enrolled in Chinese 101 to learn the language.

2. …………………………………………………………………

3. …………………………………………………………………

4. …………………………………………………………………

5. …………………………………………………………………

6. …………………………………………………………………

7. …………………………………………………………………


^ 10. Write what each word is followed by: to-infinitive, infinitive without to or -ing form. Make up 10 sentences using these words.

enjoy + ing-form.

promise +

be made +

object to +

it's no use +

can't stand +

can't help +

had better +

resist +

agree +

can +

would like +

would +

refuse +

spend time +

avoid +


^ 11. Translate from Russian into English.

1

1. Они продолжали разговаривать, хотя учитель сделал им уже замечание.

2. Тучным людям следует избегать переедания особенно в вечернее время.

3. Мы сожалеем о зря проделанной работе.

4. Из-за плохой погоды нам бы не хотелось рисковать лететь самолетом. Но, увы, мы взяли билеты.

5. Поторопись, Лена! Нам не следует пропускать эту электричку.

6. Я получаю удовольствие, слушая старые записи Сергея Лемешева и Ивана Козловского.

7. Кристина избегает вступать в дискуссии на темы, касающиеся экономики.

8. Мы продолжали получать на почте корреспонденцию «до востребования» (“Post restante”).

9. Вера не представляет себе жизни без своей работы.

10. Я не могу себе представить грузного (тучного) Тома, катающегося на роликовых коньках.

2

1. Так как задержанный не соглашался подписать протокол, был приглашен его адвокат.

2. Нарушитель общественного порядка (public peace) продолжал отказываться добровольно (voluntarily) пройти в полицейский участок.

3. Кредитор обещал предоставить заем (to give a loan) нашей фирме в один миллион долларов в конце месяца.

4. Мне не удалось дойти до последнего экзамена, хотя я работала по 12 часов в сутки.

5. Мы притворялись, что не знаем, что разыграли (to joke at smb) Петю 1 апреля, и не могли удержаться от смеха.

6. Продавец предложил купить комплект видеофильмов из пяти кассет, но я отказался. Мне нужны были только две.

7. Я надеюсь попасть в театр, хотя у меня и нет билета.

8. Общественность города уверена, что следователю Хинксу удастся раскрыть (to solve) это циничное преступление. Он очень опытен.

9. Костя и я сделаем попытку поступить в медицинский институт в следующем году.

10. Они, кажется, очень устали после такой утомительной (tiring) дискуссии.


^ 12. Some teenagers are leaving a concert. Complete their conversations. Use the words in parentheses with the infinitive and too or enough.

1. – Phish is so cool! Did you catch what Mike Gordon said in that last song? – No. The guitar was too loud for me to hear (loud / me / hear) the words.

2. – They're playing in Hampton Stadium next month. – Let’s go. The tickets are _______________ (cheap / us / afford).

3. – I don't think the Stadium has wheelchair access yet. – We'll sit on the grass. This concert is going to be ____________________ (good / you / miss).

4. – It’s 9:30. Do we have time to get a slice of pizza? – No. It’s _____________________ (late / stop).

5. – I hate this curfew! – Me too! I think we're ________________ (old / stay) out past 10:00!

6. – Where's Kyle tonight? – Working. He didn't get out _________________ (early / come).

7. – The new recreation center just opened. Do you want to play basketball tomorrow? – Sure. But I'm still _____________ (slow / beat) you!

8. – We can take my car. My brother repaired it today. – Ummm. Is that thing really __________________ (safe / drive)?


^ 13. Read this student's journal entry. Find and correct six mistakes in the use of infinitives with too or enough.

The Phish concert was awesome! Now I’m too excited for sleeping. That Mike Gordon can really sing. My voice isn't enough good to sing in the shower! After the concert we were really hungry but it was to late to go for pizza. I HATE this stupid curfew! It's too weird understand. My friend Todd works and has to pay taxes, but the law says he's too young for staying out past 10:00! That's crazy enough to make me want to scream. Well, I'd better try to get some sleep or I'll be too tired too get up in the morning.


^ 14. Write a letter to the editor of a newspaper.

To the Editor:

I'm in favor of gun control. I believe that guns are too dangerous for ordinary people to own and use. . .


15. Read these conversations that took place at Richard's party. Complete the summary statements. Use the gerund or the infinitive.

1. Richard: Hi, Roger. Did you bring the soda? Roger: Yes. Here it is.

Summary: Roger remembered to bring the soda.

2. Frank: Marta, do you remember Natalya and Viktor? Marta: Oh, yes. We met last year.

Summary: Marta remembers ________________

3. Natalya: Oh, no. Someone spilled grape juice all over the couch. Roger: Don't look at me! I didn't do it!

Summary: Roger denied _________________________

4. Marta: What do you do in your free time, Natalya? Natalya: I listen to music a lot.

Summary: Natalya enjoys ________________________

5. Lev: Would you like to go dancing some time? Marta: Sure. I'd like that very much.

Summary: Lev suggested _________________________

Marta agreed ___________________________

6. Viktor: I'm tired. Let's go home. Natalya: OK. Just five minutes more.

Summary: Viktor wants ___________________________

7. Natalya: Marta, can we give you a ride home? Marta: Thanks, but I think I'll stay a little longer.

Summary: Natalya offered ____________________________

Marta decided __________________________

8. Richard: Good night. Please drive carefully. Viktor: Don't worry. I will.

Summary: Viktor promised _____________________


^ 16. Put the verbs in brackets into the infinitive or the -ing form.

I hate1) … (sit) in this awful cell day after day. I must admit that I regret 2) … (rob) that bank but I regret 3) … (be) caught even more! I tried so hard 4) … (become) a successful criminal because I've never really wanted 5) … (work). My mother meant 6) … (bring me up) properly, but she failed. I remember 7) …. (lie) and 8) …. (steal) when I was a teenager and I stopped 9) … (go) to school when I was 15. I'll never forget the police 10) … (arrest) me for the first time. I still went on 11) … (break) the law when I got out of prison. Being a criminal means 12) … (spend) most of your life in prison. When I get out of here. I'm going to try very hard 13) … (stay) out of trouble.


^ 17. Read Marta's letter about Richard's party. Find and correct six mistakes.

Dear Lisa,

I expected hearing from you by now. I hope you're OK. I'm busy but happy. Last night I went to a party at one of my classmate's homes. I was really nervous. You know how I usually avoid to go to parties because I have trouble remembering people's names. Well, last night things were different. Before the party I read a book about improving your memory, and I practiced doing some of the memory exercises. They really helped. As a result, I stopped to worry about what people would think of me, and I tried to pay attention to what people were saying. And guess what? I had a good time! I'm even planning going dancing with this guy from my class.

^ I have an English test tomorrow, so I should stop writing now and start studying! That book I told you about had some pretty good tips, too.

Why don't you consider to visit me? I really miss seeing you.

Please write. I always enjoy to hear from you.

Marta


^ 18. Write a short letter to someone you know. Describe your recent social activities.

Last week I went to a party. I felt nervous about speaking English, but I enjoyed dancing......


19. Make up sentences using the following words. Do not forget about the gerund or the infinitive.

1) enjoy................................................................................................................

2) always expect..................................................................................................

3) never hesitate...................................................................................................

4) dislike...............................................................................................................

5) don’t mind.........................................................................................................

6) am afraid of.....................................................................................................

7) avoid..................................................................................................................

8) often regret........................................................................................................

9) keep..............................................................................................................

10) always try.....................................................................................................

11) believe it's important....................................................................................

12) feel nervous about.......................................................................................


^ 20. Fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.

Waiting for Sara

I looked around the apartment where I ………………… (to spend) most of my life. The window was open and sounds from the street mixed with the talk show from the radio that my mother always kept on. It seemed that she ……………. (to turn) the volume up to get her mind off the fact that I ……………..….. (to leave). She sat in her favorite chair, the one I …………………..(to have to fix) at least twice a year for as long as I remember. Who would fix it now? I wondered absently.

The doorbell …………..……(to ring) and my sister …………….(to enter) without waiting for someone to let her in. "You sure picked a good day for going south," she yelled over her shoulder at me as she put the sack of groceries she was carrying on the table. "Arizona couldn't be any hotter than New York today."

Nobody …………. (to reply). The heat and the occasion …………(to make) us quiet. Eleanor continued her monologue. "Where's Sara? When …….. she ……….. (to come)? She should be here by now. …….she ……… (to talk) to you this morning, Mama?"

The direct question forced Mama to look at my sister. At first she just ………….. (to nod) her head, but then added, "She said she'd be here about now."

"Well, I hope she comes soon. We need some life in this place. You two are carrying on as if it were the end of the world. Look at both of you sitting in your chairs waiting for doomsday." She …………. (to reach out) and ………… (to put) her hand on Mama's shoulder. "Come on now, Mama. He's only going to Flagstaff. That’s not far away. You can still talk to him on the phone. And he ………. (to come back) here and visit, won't you, Dwight?"

She ………… (to throw) a quick sharp look in my direction. I …………. (to get up) from my chair and …………. (to come) over and ……….. (to sit) next to Mama. "Of course I will. You'll be seeing me every holiday."

"And weekends he'll call you when the rates …………. (to go down)." She put her hand on my elbow and gave it a squeeze.

"Mama, I ……… (to call) you even if the rates …………… (to be up)."

"Now don't you go wasting your money like that. You've got to learn to save." The idea of encouraging me toward thrift aroused my mother from her sad state. She had a purpose again: looking after me.


^ 21. Find the Verbals (Infinitive, Gerund, and Participle) and define their function in the sentence. Translate the sentences into Russian.

Example: These measurements can be used to classify textures.

Эти измерения могут быть использованы для классификации текстур.


1. Making the experiment we followed their procedure.

2. The circumstances being favourable, we completed the work on time.

3. We know the pressure to decrease as altitude increases.

4. For classroom reading to be effective we have to take account of the interest factor.

5. He was afraid of not being invited.

6. The considerations being incompatible with our decision, we had to postpone the discussion.

7. The model having been tested we could recommend it for mass production.

8. Measurements having been carried out, we shall use the results in our work.

9. Conflicting reports have been published.

10. A number of animals living in the soil feed on plants.

11. A living dog is better than a dead lion.

12. When reading books I make notes.

13. Putting it mildly, the experiment was not conducted properly.

14. That question was not, strictly speaking, a question of dispute at all.

15. The question is confusing.

16. Concealed talent brings no reputation.

17. The instrument used is very reliable.

18. All things considered, we can hardly say that we have he means of measuring directly such changes.

19. When frozen water is colorless solid.

20. We disliked the problem being treated in this way.

21. We have the device repaired.

22. Memory is the process of selective forgetting.

23. They could not help using this information.

24. To live long it is necessary to live slowly.

25. I know him to have been informed about the meeting.

26. He seems to have given up this view.

27. The effect was considered not to be of any importance.





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