Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007 icon

Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007


2 чел. помогло.
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participle I

He is speaking now.

While translating the article, the student consulted the dictionary.

Take the letter showing the prices for our products.


active participle i

^ Present (Simple)

Perfect

одновременно

раньше

She is a loving mother.

She saw the director working at his office.

Having lost the key, the boy couldn’t get into the house.


Having eaten ice-cream, they went home.




passive participle i

^ Present (Simple)

Perfect

одновременно

раньше

^ Being left alone, he went on with his work.


I heard my poem being recited and felt happy.

This book is out-of-date, having been written in 1940.

The contract having been signed, our managers went home.


participle II

Tables are made of wood.

I want to have my car repaired. Jill had the roof repaired yesterday.

The constructed road was 15 miles long.

The road constructed here is 15 miles long.

When constructed, the road was carefully tested.

Metal bars become longer if heated.


26. Read this transcript of a radio talk show about voting rights for people under age eighteen. What do you think about it?

Smith: Welcome to Voice of the People. I'm Ed Smith, and tonight our topic is youth voting rights. Kyle, you're only sixteen. For someone your age, is getting the vote really important enough to fight for?

^ Kyle: Sure. Without it, teenagers are too powerless for politicians to listen to.

Smith: I don't get it. In the 1960s when military service was required, eighteen-year-olds had an argument -"if we're old enough to fight for our country, we're old enough to vote." What's your argument?

^ Tina: Well, there are a lot of laws that discriminate against us.

Micah: For example, my parents are divorced. I see my father every week. I don't want to, but the law says I'm too young to decide.

Kyle: My city has curfew laws. I'm responsible enough to work and pay taxes, but too immature to stay out until 10:00. That's fair?

Tina: Women, racial minorities, and people with disabilities have already won their civil rights. Now it's our turn.

Micah: That's right. Things are changing, but not quickly enough for us to get anything out of it.


^ 27. People have different opinions about public issues. Read each statement of opinion. Then choose the sentence (a. or b) that summarizes that opinion.

1. Teenagers are responsible enough to stay out past 10:00 p.m.

a. Teenagers should have permission to stay out past 10:00 p.m.

b. Teenagers shouldn't have permission to stay out past 10:00 p.m.

2. Teenagers are too immature to vote.

a. Teenagers should be able to vote.

b. Teenagers shouldn't be able to vote.

3. Women are strong enough to be good soldiers.

a. Women can be good soldiers.

b. Women can't be good soldiers.

4. Children are mature enough to choose which parent to live with.

a. Children can choose which parent to live with.

b. Children can't choose which parent to live with.

5. Teenagers are responsible enough to use the Internet without censorship.

a. Teenagers can use the Internet without censorship.

b. Teenagers can't use the Internet without censorship.

6. Adults are too afraid of change to listen to children's ideas.

a. Adults can listen to children's ideas.

b. Adults can't listen to children's ideas.

7. People with disabilities have worked too hard to give up the fight for equal rights.

a. People with disabilities can give up the fight for equal rights.

b. People with disabilities can't give up the fight for equal rights.

8. At age seventy, people are not too old to work.

a. At age seventy, people can work.

b. At age seventy, people can't work.


^ 28. Match the pictures (pic. 3) with the sentences below.

a. The buttons are too high for him to reach.

b. The buttons are low enough.

c. The steps are too steep for him to get up.

d. The box is too heavy.

e. The street is too busy for them to cross.

f. The traffic is slow enough for them to cross.

g. She's too old to join the army.

h. She is too young to vote.

i. She is old enough to vote.



1 ________ 2 ________ 3 ________



4 ________ 5 ________ 6 ________




7 ________ 8 ________ 9 ________



Pic. 3


^ 4. Discuss one of these questions. Then vote on your opinions.

• At what age should people start to vote?

• Should towns have curfews for people younger than age eighteen?

Example:

A: I think fifteen-year-olds are mature enough to vote. They can read newspapers and understand issues.

B: I disagree. I don't think fifteen-year-olds are concerned enough about politics to vote.

^ 29. What do you think these expressions mean? When would you use them? Discuss your ideas in small groups.

  • She's old enough to know better.

  • Life is too short to worry about every little thing.

  • You're never too old to try.

  • It looks good enough to eat.

  • It’s too hot to handle.



^ 30. Complete the following sentences. In small groups, compare your opinions.

1. Elderly people are too . . .

Example:

A: People over age seventy are too old to drive.

B: Oh, I don't agree. Some elderly people drive better than young people.

2. The leaders of this country are powerful enough . . .

3. Teenagers are too crazy . . .

4. Guns are too dangerous. . .

5. Taxes aren't high enough . . .

6. Women are strong enough . . .

7. Radio and TV broadcasters speak (or don't speak) clearly enough . . .

8. Time goes by too quickly . . .


^ 31. What are your strategies for remembering names? Read this excerpt from a magazine article.

stop forgetting

Marta wanted to go to the party. She's friendly and enjoys meeting people. But as Marta looked at the invitation, part of her kept saying, "I won't know anyone there! How will I remember all those new names?" Marta's problem is not unusual. Remembering names is a problem for many people. For international travelers like Marta (she's a Mexican student studying in the United States), it is even harder to recall unfamiliar foreign names. What can Marta and others like her do?

Here are some tips from memory experts:

  • Decide to remember. Making an effort can really help.

  • Listen carefully when you hear someone's name for the first time. It's important to pay attention.

  • Keep repeating the name. Calling the person by name more than once will help fix the name in your mind.

  • Write the name down. Putting things in writing is the most common memory aid.

Don't hesitate to ask the person to repeat the name. Most people don't mind doing this.

And last, but not least,

  • Stop worrying. Anxiety only makes the problem worse.


^ 32. Read the first sentence. Then decide if the second sentence is True (T) or False (F).

1. Marta remembered meeting Mr. Jackson.

__ Marta has already met Mr. Jackson.

2. Richard stopped smoking.

___ Richard doesn't smoke anymore.

3. She didn't remember to buy a cake for the party.

___ She bought a cake.

4. She stopped eating desserts.

___She used to eat desserts.

5. Richard forgot to invite his boss to the party.

___ Richard invited his boss.

6. Richard forgot inviting his neighbor to the party.

___ Richard invited his neighbor.

7. Richard thinks giving a party is fun.

___ Richard thinks it's fun to give a party.

8. Marta likes going to parties.

___ Marta likes to go to parties.


^ 33. Circle the correct words to complete these ideas from a book called Super Memory.

1. Get in the habit of (repeating)/ to repeat things aloud.

2. Never rely on someone else’s memory. Learn trusting / to trust your own.

3. It’s easy forgetting / to forget what you don't want remembering / to remember.

4. Study immediately before going / to go to sleep. You'll remember a lot more the next day.

5. Our memories are filled with things we never even meant remembering / to remember.

6. Make it a habit to pass in front of your car every time you get out, and you'll never forget turning off / to turn off your headlights.

7. Playing / To play games is a fun way of improving / to improve your memory skills.

Douglas J. Hermann, Super Memory:

A Quick Action Program for Memory Improvement

(Avenel, NJ: Wings Books, 1991).


^ 34. Complete this advice. Use the gerund or infinitive form of the verb in parentheses.

________ (Study) for an exam is different from _________ (try) ___________

(remember) someone's name. Here are some tips:

• Group information by dates, people, or places. It may help ____________ (make) a chart.

• Color code. ___________ (Use) colored pens helps many people retain new information.

• Use different senses. Try ____________ (learn) new information by ____________ (read), ______________ (write), ____________ (speak), and ____________ (listen). Some people need ___________ (use) two or more senses.

• Remember ____________ (review) frequently. It’s important _________ (go over) information again and again.


35. Marta and Lev are on their first date. They agree on everything. Read one person’s pinion and write the other's. If the first person used the gerund, use the infinitive. If the first person used the infinitive, use the gerund.

1. Marta: It’s fun to meet new people.

Lev: I agree. Meeting new people is fun.

2. Marta: Remembering names is hard, though.

Lev: I know. It's hard to remember names.

3. Marta: It's difficult to make new friends.

Lev: That's true. _____________________

4. Marta: It’s important to relax.

Lev: You're right. ____________________

5. Marta: Dancing is fun.

Lev: I agree. ____________________

6. Marta: It's nice to get to know someone like you.

Lev: I feel the same way. ________________________

7. Lev: Being with you is wonderful.

Marta: Thanks. ____________________________________, too.


^ 36. How do you feel and act in new social situations? Complete these sentences. Use the gerund or the infinitive. Then discuss your answers with a partner.

When I'm in a new social situation, I...

1) enjoy..................................................................................................................

2) always expect.....................................................................................................

3) never hesitate.....................................................................................................

4) dislike.................................................................................................................

5) don’t mind..........................................................................................................

6) am afraid of........................................................................................................

7) avoid...................................................................................................................

8) often regret.........................................................................................................

9) keep....................................................................................................................

10) always try..........................................................................................................

11) believe it's important.........................................................................................

12) feel nervous about.............................................................................................


^ 37. Work in small groups. Discuss these questions:

1. Do you have trouble remembering people’s names?

2. Do you follow any of the experts’ memory tips?

3. What other things do you have trouble remembering?

4. What tricks do you use to remember things?

Example:

A: I sometimes forget to pay my rent.

B: Oh, I always make a note on my calendar when the rent is due.


^ 38. Fill in the correct form of the infinitives.

1. My boss expects me ...to work... (work) overtime.

2. The suspect claimed............................ (watch) TV at the time of the robbery.

3. Jill's teacher is worried about her as she seems......................... (have) difficulty coping with her studies.

4. Young children often ask.......................................... (take) to the zoo.

5. The burglars must have come in through the window as the lock seems.................................. (force).

6. "I happen ............................. (pass) my driving test two years ago, you know," he said.

7. Robert is expecting......................... (inherit) a large house when his grandfather dies.

8. "Mark appears ....................... (overtake) John on the last lap. Yes, he's passed him!"

9. Leslie seems.................................................................... (enjoy) her new job.

10. I'd like.............................................. (book) a return ticket to Denver, please.

11. Stop pretending.............................. (eat) your food – just finish it up, please.

12. The manager seems................................ (get) impatient with the interviewee.


^ 39. Fill in with the appropriate preposition or particle and -ing forms.

Dear Sir/Madam,

As I dine out regularly in good quality restaurants I am accustomed........................... (receive) service of the highest standard. The staff at your establishment could certainly not be accused............................. (provide) this! In addition................................. (be) extremely rude, the waitress who served us was also guilty ............................ (get) our order wrong twice. My wife was also very upset.................................. (be) told that she shouldn't be so impatient. The chef too, seemed incapable............................ (do) anything right. As well............................... (forget) to heat up our soup, he burnt my steak and overcooked my wife's vegetables. All I can say is that he is obviously used..................................... (cook) for very uncritical diners. To make matters worse, the waitress tried to prevent us...................................... (leave) the restaurant because we hadn't left a tip! I'm not interested............................ (get) my money back but I am looking forward........................... (hear) from you in the near future with a full apology to my wife and myself.................................. (spoil) our 25th wedding anniversary.

Yours faithfully,

Michael Crawford


^ 40. Put the verbs in brackets into the -ing form or the infinitive.

The Jackal is known................. (be) one of the most dangerous criminals in the world. ........................ (rob) banks is his speciality, although he also enjoys ...................... (kidnap) every now and again. So far, the police have failed .................... (catch) him, and they would be very happy ............................. (receive) any information that could lead to his arrest. The public have been warned................................ (not/approach) the Jackal if they see him, as he has a gun and he doesn't mind ...................................... (use) it. The last person.............................. (try) to arrest him was shot in the foot. Fortunately, we are unlikely.......................... (come across) the Jackal in this country in the near future. He was last seen.................................... (sunbathe) on a beach in Brazil.


^ 41. Complete the sentences using an infinitive or an -ing form.

1. City life is too busy for me; I really miss ..................... in the country.

2. We had to postpone .................................. tennis because of the bad weather.

3. She goes............................................ at the pool every weekend.

4. If you will keep ........................................ so much, you're bound to get fat.

5. She's been training so hard recently that she deserves....................... the race.

6. He couldn't sleep, so I suggested his .................................. some warm milk.

7. Because of his fear of jellyfish, he doesn't like................................ in the sea.

8. I'd really like ................................................. my uncle in Chicago one day.

9. That man seems to be having trouble..................................... his car. Why don't you give him a push?

10. Mr Roberts is much too old ..................................... climbing like he used to.

11. Before the interview, I was required .............................. an application form.

12. The dog seems............................................ hungry – you'd better feed him.

13. Becoming an Olympic athlete involves .......................................... for years.

14. Would you ever consider........................ married to someone twice your age?

15. I much prefer.............................. letters to ........................ on the telephone.

16. Let me be the first........................................ you on your remarkable success.

17. I'm sorry ......................... that I'll be unable to attend the meeting tomorrow.

18. He said he would prefer........................ the train to London rather than ...................... his mother's old car.

19. It's no use ..................................... to university if you don't intend to study.

20. I think you should give up ..................... because you have a very poor voice.


^ 42. Complete the sentences by using an Infinitive or an -ing form.

He heard the phone ...ringing... but it stopped before he could answer it.

When I entered his room I saw him ........................ his homework.

Then I saw him ........................ the house,........................ into his car and .......................... away.

As they were walking past the house, they saw it........................ into flames.

I saw Gary Lineker........................ the winning goal in the FA Cup Final.


^ 43. Put the verbs in brackets into the -ing form or the infinitive.

The best way ...to explore... (explore) China is by land. Anyone who has been there, will..................... (tell) you what a great experience it is. .......................... (Travel) round China involves.................................... (cover) great distances as the country is enormous. As a result, some tourists would rather................................... (fly), as it is quicker and they consider ............................... (sit) on a bus or train a waste of time. For those who don't mind........................... (take) a bit longer, there is so much ..................................... (see) which is not visible from a plane. From a bus you can.................................. (see) women ............................. (work) in the rice fields. You can even spend some time...................................... (learn) a few Chinese phrases. Few can resist........................... (taste) the local delicacy – bird's nest soup, though you may ............................. (have) difficulty in ......................... .................. (acquire) a taste for one-hundred-year-old eggs!!


^ 44. Put the verbs in brackets into the -ing form or the infinitive.

There has been a bomb scare in central London. The police advise everybody ...to stay... (stay) clear of the area. You are recommended not............................ (travel) by tube as the service has been suspended. We'd recommend........................ (take) the bus, but only if your journey is essential. The police require any members of the public with any information relating to this incident..................................... (come forward).





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