Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007 icon

Атика в упражнениях ч. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка Составитель М. В. Цыгулева Омск Издательство Сибади 2007


2 чел. помогло.
Смотрите также:
Грамматика в упражнениях ч...
Сибади сборник студенческих работ «история семьи в истории отечества» Омск Издательство Сибади...
И. П. Крылова. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и...
Виноградов В. С. Сборник упражнений по грамматике испанского языка. Учебное пособие. 2-е изд....
Литература по английскому языку 5-6 классы барашкова Е. А. «Грамматика английского языка...
Т. Н. Мальчевская сборник упражнений по переводу гуманитарных текстов с английского языка на...
Т. Н. Мальчевская сборник упражнений по переводу гуманитарных текстов с английского языка на...
Ванглийском языке имеются три неличные формы глагола...
Звуковое пособие Считаю целесообразным использовать дополнительную литературу для обучения...
Учебное пособие Омск Издательство Сибади 2007...
Е. А. Барашкова «Грамматика английского языка» сборник упражнений части 1, 2, «Экзамен», 2009...
Список учебников и школьных принадлежностей для 2-ого класса...



Загрузка...
страницы:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
скачать
Федеральное агентство по образованию


Сибирская государственная автомобильно-дорожная академия

(СибАДИ)


Кафедра иностранных языков


ГРАММАТИКА В УПРАЖНЕНИЯХ


Ч. 4. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие


сборник упражнений


по грамматике английского языка


Составитель М.В. Цыгулева


Омск

Издательство СибАДИ

2007

УДК 42

ББК 81.432.1


Рецензент доктор филологических наук, зав. каф. русского языка ОМГУ Л.О. Бутакова






Работа одобрена редакционно-издательским советом академии в качестве сборника упражнений по грамматике английского языка для студентов специальности «Переводчик в сфере профессиональных коммуникаций».


^ Грамматика в упражнениях. Ч. 4. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие: Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка / Сост. М. В. Цыгулева. – Омск: Изд-во СибАДИ, 2007. – 68 с.


Сборник содержит упражнения по наиболее трудным разделам английской грамматики: неличным формам глагола. Упражнения способствуют овладению грамматически правильной английской речью.


Библиогр.: 13 назв.


^

ã Составитель М. В. Цыгулева, 2007




Учебное издание






грамматика в упражнениях


Ч. 4. Инфинитив, герундий, причастие


Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка


Составитель Маргарита Викторовна Цыгулева


* * *


Редактор Н.И. Косенкова


* * *


Подписано к печати 10.05.2007

Формат 60x90 1/16. Бумага писчая

Оперативный способ печати

Гарнитура Таймс

Усл. п. л. 4,25, уч.-изд. л. 4,25

Тираж 100 экз.

Заказ . Цена договорная


* * *


Издательство СибАДИ

644099, г. Омск, ул. П. Некрасова, 10


Отпечатано в ПЦ издательства СибАДИ

644099, г. Омск, ул. П. Некрасова, 10


Грамматика

в упражнениях


ИНФИНИТИВ



Г

Е

Р

У

Н

Д

И

Й

ПРИЧАСТИЕ

Сборник упражнений
^
по грамматике английского языка


GERUND, INFINITIVE, PARTICIPLES


1. Copy the tables in your notebook and try to remember them!

Common Verbs Followed By ^ The Gerund

acknowledge

admit

appreciate

avoid

can’t help

celebrate

consider

delay

deny

detest

discontinue

discuss

dislike

dispute

endure

enjoy

escape

explain

feel like

finish

forgive

give up (stop)

imagine

justify

keep (continue)

mention

mind (object to)

miss

postpone

practice

prevent

prohibit

quit

recall

recommend

regret

report

resent

resist

risk

suggest

understand




Common Verbs Followed By ^ The Infinitive

afford

agree

appear

ask

arrange

attempt

can't afford

can't wait

choose

consent

decide

deserve

expect

fail

help

hope

hurry

intend

learn

manage

mean

need

offer

pay

plan

prepare

pretend

promise

refuse

request

seem

want

wish

would like




Common Verbs Followed By ^ The Gerund or The Infinitive

begin

can’t stand

continue

forget*

hate

like

love

prefer

remember*

start

stop*

try

* These verbs can be followed by either the gerund or the infinitive. But there is a big difference in meaning.




Common Adjective + Preposition Expressions Followed By The Gerund

be accustomed to

be afraid of

be amazed at/by

be angry at

be ashamed of

be aware of

be awful at

be bad at

be bored with/by

be capable of

be careful of

be concerned about

be content with

be curious about

be excited about

be famous for

be fond of

be glad about

be good at

be happy about

be interested in

be nervous about

be opposed to

be pleased about

be ready for

be responsible for

be sad about

be safe from

be satisfied with

be sick of

be slow at

be sorry for/about

be surprised at/about/by

be terrible at

be tired of

be used to

be worried about




Common ^ Verb + Preposition Combination Followed By The Gerund

admit to

advise against

apologize for

approve of

believe in

choose between

complain about

count on

deal with

dream about/of

feel like

insist on

look forward to

object to

plan on

rely on

resort to

succeed in

talk about

think about


^ 2. Read these messages from an online bulletin board about smoking. What grammar material are there in the messages?

Re: Can't Stand Seeing Those Signs!


Posted by Cigarman on February 16, 2000, at 15:30:03

I can't stand seeing all the new No Smoking signs. Eating in a restaurant and traveling by plane are no fun anymore! Junk food (нездоровая пища) is worse than smoking. But I bet the government won't prohibit ordering burgers and fries for lunch!

^ Reply posted by Nuffsed on February 17, 12:15:22

Hey, Cigarman – I don't get sick when my boyfriend goes to McDonald’s, but sitting in a room full of his cigarette smoke makes my hair and clothing stink.

Reply posted by Swissfriend on February 17, 20:53:11

Hello, U.S. Smokers! I am a member of Freunde der Tabak, a Swiss group of smokers and nonsmokers. We suggest practicing courtesy to nonsmokers and tolerance of smokers. I enjoy smoking, but I understand not wanting to inhale (вдыхать) second-hand smoke.

Reply posted by Cleanaire on February 18, 9:53:11

Friend – Have you ever tried to stop smoking? If so, then you know you are addicted to nicotine. The younger you start smoking, the harder it is to quit.


^ 3. Read part of an article from a health newsletter. Underline the words ending in-ing that are gerunds.

YOUR

health

Swimming is great exercise. It's healthy, fun, and relaxing. Because swimming is a "low-impact" sport, most people enjoy participating in this activity without fear of injury to bones or muscles. Jogging, a "high-impact" activity, can at times be harmful. I know this from personal experience. Last year while I was jogging, I injured my right knee. I don't go jogging anymore. After a painful month of recovery, I stopped running and switched to water sports. I'm now considering joining a swimming team and competing in races.


^ 4. Complete these statements with gerunds. Use the verbs in the box.

increase smoking eat do walk swim go run


1. ………………. is bad for your heart and lungs.

2. …………………. too much fat and sugar is also unhealthy.

3. Doctors suggest …………… the number of fruits and vegetables in your diet.

4. Avoid …………….. too many high-impact sports such as jogging and jumping rope. Instead, consider ……………. in a pool every day. It’s an excellent is better than low-impact sport.

5. Many health experts think that ………………… is better than ……………. because there is less stress on your body when your feet come into contact with the ground.

6. Many people postpone ……………….. to the doctor or dentist, but regular checkups are important.


^ 5. Take a group survey. How many students agree with the statements below? Write the numbers in the appropriate column. Discuss your survey results.




Agree

Disagree

Don't know

Seeing someone with a cigarette turns me off (disgusts me).










I'd rather date people who don't smoke. (If your groupmate doesn't date, change the statement to "I'd rather be married to someone who doesn't smoke.)










It's safe to smoke for only a year or two.










Smoking can help you when you're bored.










Smoking helps reduce stress.










Smoking helps keep your weight down.










I strongly dislike being around smokers.











Example: Ten people say that seeing someone smoke turns them off.


^ 6. Work in small groups. Discuss this poster (pic. 1). Complete some of the sentences below to help you in the discussion.



The message of this poster is...

The man wants/doesn’t want to quit…

The camel enjoys …

The camel keeps...

Lighting up a cigarette …

After six years, most people can’t resist …

I can’t imagine …

I can’t stand …

This poster makes me feel like …

Smoking is…


Pic. 1


7. Many people agree with laws that prohibit smoking in all public places. What is your opinion? Work in small groups. Think of arguments for and against allowing smoking in public places. Take notes.

Example:

Going outside to smoke wastes a lot of time at work.

^ 8. Write a letter to a friend who wants to stop smoking. Give your friend tips on to quit. Use gerunds.

Example:

Avoid being around people who smoke.


9. Student Council wrote a letter to Ana Rivera, the president of the college. Read the letter and underline all the preposition + gerund combinations.

October 4, 1999

Dear President Rivera:

We, the members of the Student Council, would like to share with you the thoughts and concerns of the general student body. As you probably know, many students are complaining about life on campus. We are interested in meeting with you to discuss our ideas for dealing with these complaints.

We know that you are tired of hearing students complain, and that you are not used to working with the Student Council. However, if you really believe in giving new ideas a try, we hope you will think about speaking with our representatives soon.

We look forward to hearing from you soon.

Respectfully submitted,

The Student Council


10. Read the school newspaper. Complete the students' statements. Choose the appropriate preposition from the box. (You will use one of the prepositions several times.) Add the gerund form of the verb in parentheses.

at on in to about for


March 1. 2001

The banner

Vol. 5, issue 24

It's almost time for spring break! We asked students: "What are your plans for spring break?"

Here are some of their answers:

1. I'm very interested …………………. (listen) to jazz. I'm going to attend the Spring Jazz Festival.

Lisa Suarez

2. I don't have any plans, but I'm not concerned …………………… (get) bored. I can always take a walk or something.

Jim Hsu

3. My friends and I are driving to New Orleans. I'm excited ………………… (go), but I'm nervous ……………… (drive).

Emilia Leale

4. I'm really looking forward …………(stay) at home and …………… (relax).

Don Pitt

5. We're driving to Quebec City. It's famous ……………… (have) great food.

Omar Sisane

6. I love languages, but I’m not good …………….. (learn) them. I'm worried ……………. (not do) well in my Japanese class, so I'm studying over the break.

Claire Kapian

7. My friends and I are going camping, but my little brother insists ………………. (come) with us. A lot of fun that’ll be!

Eun Ko

8. My girlfriend plans ………………. (read) and ……………… (go) movies, so I guess I'll read a lot and see a lot movies.

Tim Riley

^ 11. Combine the following pairs of sentences to make statements about school life. Use the prepositions in parentheses.

1. You can't walk on campus late at night. You have to worry about your safety.

You can't walk on campus late at night, without worrying about your safety.

(without)

2. We can make changes. We can tell the administration about our concerns.

(by) …………………………………………………………………………

3. The administration can help. It can listen to our concerns.

(by) …………………………………………………………………………

4. In some cases, students just complain. They don't make suggestions for improvements!

(instead of) …………………………………………………………………

5. Students get annoyed with some teachers. Some teachers come late to class.

(for) ………………………………………………………………………..

6. You can improve your grades. Study regularly.

(by) …………………………………………………………………………


12. Lorry Jones quit school after high school and had various jobs. Then he decided to go to college. That was a big change for him. Complete the sentences about Lorry. Use the appropriate form of the verb in parentheses.

1. Larry used to ………………. (be)a student, but he quit after high school.

2. He used to ……………….. (have) a job.

3. In fact, he used to ……………….. (have) a lot of different jobs.

4. When he went back to college, he had to get used to …………….. (be) a student again.

5. He wasn't used to ………………… (go) to school every day.

6. He had to get used to …………….. (do) homework again and ……………….(study) for tests.

7. When Larry was working, he used to ……………….. (earn) quite a bit of money. He used to …………….. (spend) everything, too. Now he has to get used to ………………. (spend) less.

8. It hasn't been easy, but now Larry has gotten used to ……………… (live) a student’s life again.


13. Pretend you are running for president of the Student Council. Prepare your campaign speech and read it to the group. Answer some of these questions. Then have an election.

What are you most interested in? What are you opposed to?

What do you believe in? What are you excited about?

What will you insist on? What are you good at?

Example:

Vote for me. I'm interested in making our lives better by improving . . .


14. Below are some life events, both positive and negative, that can lead to stress. Work by yourself and rank them from most stressful (1) to least stressful (7). Then in small groups compare and discuss your lists. Use be used to and get used to to explain your choices.

__ starting college __ getting divorced

__ moving to a new city __ having or adopting a baby

__ changing jobs or institutes __ death of a close family member

__ getting married __ getting fired at work


Example:

I think getting married is the third most stressful life event. You have to get used to living with another person.


15. Read this letter to the editor of a school newspaper. Then complete the exercise below.

^ TO THE EDITOR.

I have been attending Longtree College for a year. I am an international student in the Chemistry Department. I am very happy about studying here. However, I have had some problems with academic advisors. The academic advisors are not used to talking to international students, so they get nervous about understanding us.

In addition, the school delays looking at the records of transfer students. I attended a university in Ukraine for two years, and I took several chemistry courses. The Chemistry Department has not yet looked at my records. My advisor recommends taking basic courses, but I am afraid of repeating courses and wasting my time.


I suggest giving a workshop for advisors. In the workshop they can practice talking clearly and organizing their information for international students. I also recommend looking at student records as soon as possible.

Respectfully,

Galina Terela


^ 16. Mark the following statements True (T) or False (F).

___ 1. Galina is complaining about being a chemistry student.

___ 2. The advisors have a lot of experience in talking to international students.

___ 3. They feel confident about communicating with international students.

___ 4. Galina is a freshman.

___ 5. The Chemistry Department has been slow in reviewing Galina's records.

___ 6. Galina objects to taking basic chemistry courses.

___ 7. Galina thinks that advisors should learn about dealing with international student.


^ 17. Write a letter to the editor of your institute newspaper. Write about the things you like and dislike about your institute. Use Galina's letter as a model.


18. Read this entry in a personal diary. Underline all the verbs + infinitive and the verbs + object + infinitive.

Annie advised me to join a club or take a class, and I finally did it! I decided to join the school's Outdoor Adventure Club, and I went to my first meeting last night. I'm really excited about this. The club is planning a hiking trip next weekend. I definitely want to go. I hope it won't be too hard for my first adventure. Last night they also decided to go rafting in the spring. At first I didn’t want to sign up, but the leader was so nice. He urged me not to miss this trip, so I put my name on the list. After the meeting, a group of people asked me to go out with them. We went to a coffee shop and talked for hours. Well, I hoped to make some new friends when I joined this club, but I didn’t expect everyone to be so friendly. I'm glad Annie persuaded me not to give up.


^ 19. Work in pairs. Tell each other about your parents.

What did they encourage you to do?

How did they encourage you to do that?

What didn't they allow you to do?

What did they force you to do?

What did they advise you to do?

Why did they advise you to do that?

What would they like you to do?

What do they expect you to do?

What would you prefer to do?

Why would you prefer to do that?

Example:

My parents encouraged me to learn other languages.


20. Discuss how people in your culture socialize. Do young men and women go out together? If so, do they go out in couples or in groups? What are some ways people meet their future husbands or wives?


^ 21. Imagine you would like to meet one of the people in these personal ads. Write a letter to that person and introduce yourself. Use verbs followed by infinitives.

Example:

Dear Nice Boy,

I'm a friendly female student. I like to take walks in the country…


^ 300

Women Seeking Men


Can’t wait to meet you! – friendly, but lonely, foreign student would like to meet a nice, thoughtful boy who enjoys good conversation, books, music, and the outdoors. Please, send note. 3512

^ We deserve to be together – I love to travel, but I also like to stay home with friends, and family. My hobbies include tennis, dancing, and gardening. You are a nice boy with many interests. Please write me about them. 6534

^ 310

Men Seeking Women


Nice Boy-would like to meet warm, friendly female who enjoys the city, country, reading, movies and traveling. You don’t need to send a photo, but please write. 3543

Attractive single male – refuses to believe that the woman of his dreams does not exist! She is smart, funny, and has a warm heart. Send note with photo, please. 2073

Want to dance? – athletic man wants to meet partner for dancing,


^ 22. Look at Yoke's list of things to do. Then write a phrase to answer each question.

To Do

- Get gas

- Make dental appointment

- Buy batteries

- Withdraw $100

- Invite Rika and Taro to dinner

- Buy milk and eggs


1. Why did she call Dr. Towbins office? To make a dental appointment.

2. Why did she go to the bank?

3. Why did she call Mrs. Watanabe?

4. Why did she go to the supermarket?

5. Why did she go to the electronics store?

6. Why did she go to the service station?


^ 23. Read Yoko's journal entry. Find and correct six mistakes.

I went to Dr. Towbin for getting my teeth cleaned. While I was waiting, I used my Datalator to study for the TOEFL. Then I used it to helps me pronounce “novocaine” and “dental floss” for my appointment. After the dentist, I checked my schedule and saw “Rika and Taro, dinner, 7:30.” I should use it in order to not forget appointments! Luckily, my recipes are already on the Datalator, so I used them for making a quick shopping list. When I got home, there was a note on my door – “Call bldg. super.” I checked the Datalator dictionary to find “bldg. super.” The “building superintendent” wanted to come up in order fix the doorbell! Rika and Taro and I played with the Datalator all evening. You can program it for to play computer games, too. I don’t know how I lived without it.


^ 24. Work in groups. Think of uses for the following objects (pic. 2). Use the infinitive of purpose and your imagination!







1 2 3 4 5 6


Pic. 2


Example:

You can use a shell to hold coins, to keep soap in, or to eat from.


25. Look at the sentences and tables below. What can you say about Verbals according to the information you have read?

Infinitive

To read English is a great pleasure.

He likes to read English.

His task was to read an English text.

To know English you must work hard.

This is a good book to read.


active infinitive

^ Present (Simple)

Present Cont.

Perfect


Perfect Cont.

одновременно

одновременно, процесс

раньше

раньше,

процесс

I’m happy to help you.

I want to show you a book.

I’m happy to be helping them.


I know her to be translating an article.

I’m happy to have helped him.


She seems to have lost weight.

He seemed to have been waiting for my help.


I rang the bell, and the man answered with remarkable promptness; he seemed to have been waiting for it to ring.




passive infinitive

^ Present (Simple)

Perfect

одновременно

раньше

He was glad to be helped.


I want to be asked this question.

He was glad to have been helped.

I know the letter to have been sent yesterday.



gerund

^ Reading is his hobby.

Do you like reading?

My aim is learning English.

Will you ring me up before leaving?

I don’t understand your way of learning English words.


active gerund

^ Present (Simple)

Perfect

одновременно

раньше

I’m looking forward to sending my child to the country.

He was good at gathering mushrooms.

I’m surprised at your having missed so many lectures this term.


Godfrey felt guilty at having gossiped to Oliver about Letty.




passive gerund

^ Present (Simple)

Perfect

одновременно

раньше

I’m looking forward to being sent to London.


Raymond didn’t like being called Ray.

The boy didn’t like having been left alone.


I won’t go there. I didn’t remember having been invited.







оставить комментарий
страница1/7
М.В. Цыгулева
Дата17.09.2011
Размер0.56 Mb.
ТипДокументы, Образовательные материалы
Добавить документ в свой блог или на сайт

страницы:   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
плохо
  1
отлично
  4
Ваша оценка:
Разместите кнопку на своём сайте или блоге:
rudocs.exdat.com

Загрузка...
База данных защищена авторским правом ©exdat 2000-2017
При копировании материала укажите ссылку
обратиться к администрации
Анализ
Справочники
Сценарии
Рефераты
Курсовые работы
Авторефераты
Программы
Методички
Документы
Понятия

опубликовать
Загрузка...
Документы

Рейтинг@Mail.ru
наверх