И. П. Крылова. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак-тов иностр яз. 8-е изд. М.: Высш шк., 2003 432 с. На icon

И. П. Крылова. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак-тов иностр яз. 8-е изд. М.: Высш шк., 2003 432 с. На

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И.П.Крылова. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак-тов иностр. яз. – 8-е изд. – М.: Высш. шк., 2003 – 432 с. – На англ. яз.

He seemed to be reading scarcely any law. [179]

“Dr Salt, what do you think you’re doing?” “People seem to have been asking me that for days,” said Dr Salt mildly. [179]

The cat seems to have been missing for about three weeks. [179]

Not going home, in fact, seemed lately to have become the pattern of his life. [179]

It seemed to have been snowing in the room. The floor, the chairs, the desk were covered in drifts of white. It was torn paper. [179]

All the family seemed to be talking at once. [179]

The general seemed to have aged a great deal. [179]

Charles met me the first day I came to London, and our friendship seemed to have been established a long time. [180]

In front of one window there was a small table and Harry was sitting at it, peering at a pile of papers which he seemed to be copying and to translating. [180]

Ex. 6. Use the required form of the infinitive in its function of part of a compound verbal predicate.

12. Charles met me the first day I came to London, and our friend-ship seemed . . . a long time. (to establish)

13. He did not even seem . . . what the fuss was about. (to understand)

14. In front of one window there was a small table and Harry was sitting at it, peering at a pile of papers which he seemed . . . or . . . . (to copy, to translate)

15. When I arrived there I didn't see the dog. Not much else seemed . . . . (to change)

16. Then I caught sight of her on the far side of the square. She seemed . . . good-bye to someone. (to say)

Ex. 7. Translate the following into English using infinitives as part of a compound verbal predicate:

1. Это оказалось правдой. (to turn out)

2. Он, кажется, получил все, что хотел. (to seem)

3. «Где мисс Стоун?» — «Она, кажется, работает в справочном отделе библиотеки». (to seem)

4. Казалось, что у него нет дружеских отношений ни с кем в отделе. (to appear)

5. Боб взглянул на мать, чтобы понять, как она реагирует на разговор. Но она, казалось, не слушала. (to seem)

6. Его сведения оказались правильными. (to turn out)

7. Казалось, что она пишет или рисует. (to seem)

8. Казалось, что сплетни эти не были восприняты моими братьями всерьез. (to seem)

9. Он, кажется, мой единственный друг. (to seem)

10. Мой отец слушал серьезно или, по крайней мере, создавалось впечатление, что он слушал. (to appear)

11. У нас, кажется, уже был этот разговор раньше. (to sееm)

12. Похоже, никто из вас не знает, как вести себя прилично. (to seem)

13. Казалось, что его удивил этот слух. (to seem)

14. Было такое впечатление, что он не слышал, что она сказала. (to appear)

15. Я не знал этого парня, но он, кажется, всем тогда нравился. (to seem)

16. Случилось так, что он был приглашен на обед к Роджеру. (to happen)

17. Так случилось, что я первый узнал об этом. (to happen)

18. Энн познакомилась со своим молодым человеком на танцах, и позже они много развлекались вместе, потому что он оказался хорошим парнем. (to prove)

ex. 8. Translate the following into English using ing-forms as part of a compound verbal predicate:

1. Он ездил верхом каждый день.

2. Она сидела, уставившись прямо перед собой.

3. Он вернулся с очень расстроенным видом.

4. Вокруг сидело несколько человек, они ели сандвичи и курили.

5. Я сказала мужу, что мне хочется пойти потанцевать.

6. Она долго лежала и плакала.

7. В то утро мальчик отправился кататься на лодке один.

8. Я ничего не сказал, и мальчик ушел, насвистывая.

9. Мы стояли и ждали, когда откроются двери.

10. В то утро я пошел купаться.

11. Она ушла в магазин.

12. При первом же порыве ветра шляпа ее мужа полетела по воздуху.

13. Они сидели и разговаривали о планах на будущее.

Ex. 9. Choose between the infinitive and the ing-form as a second action accompanying the action of the predicate verb:

1. I returned to my room one afternoon . . . Rex waiting for me. (to find)

2. That evening they sat on the back porch, . . . the twilight filter down through the leaves of the trees. (to watch)

3. I looked at her for a minute, not . . . . (to understand)

4. Michael went home . . . that his little son was taken ill. (to hear)

5. And so I spent three years . . . an immense amount of very dull stuff, not one-tenth of which I ever used. (to learn)

6. She was approaching slowly, . . . her feet. (to drag)

7. He arrived on the door step . . . Peter fumbling with the lock, and they entered together. (to find)

8. I spent the rest of the day . . . whether I was annoyed or not. (to wonder)

9. They went off, . . . us to face the situation. (to leave)

20. Настроение Хью не позволило мне обратиться к нему с просьбой. (to make impossible)


Ex. 32. Choose between the infinitive and the ing-form as subjective predicative:

1. He was left . . . a couple of hours. (to sleep)

2. When the car was heard . . . the people fled anywhere to avoid the police. (to approach)

3. Не was understood . . . the new teacher. (to be)

4. Her brother was reported . . . alive in Europe. (to be)

5. I don't see how anyone can be expected . . . a case like this. (to tackle)

6. His book was found . . . a fine piece of writing. (to be)

7. In your story he is shown . . . a lot for other people. (to do)

8. I was made . . . at the gate. (to stand)

9. She may have found the note because she was seen . . . through the book. (to look)

10. He has never been known . . . his temper at rehearsals. (to lose)

11. I think you'd like to know, sir, that the train has been heard . . . (to whistle)

12. People can feel satisfaction if they are made . . . they are doing a useful service. (to feel)

13. When they were getting into the car he was heard . . . good luck to the girl. (to wish)

14. From the hill a man could be seen . . . half a mile away. (to run)

15. He was instructed . . . for a special grant. (to apply)

16. It was a two-storey grey building with a porch that no one was meant . . . on. (to sit)

17. The strong currents were thought . . . bathing dangerous. (to make)

18. She was found . . . herself by the fire. (to warm)

19. He was forced . . . out of his present job. (to get)

20. She was understood as . . . any interviews. (to refuse)

21. Renny was heard . . . gaily in his room. (to whistle)

22. The game was intended . . . time until about nine o'clock. (to kill)

23. She was heard . . . the light on. (to turn)

24. He has been known . . . his temper occasionally. (to show)

25. Meg was called upon . . . her opinion. (to express)

26. Two constables were left . . . his arrival. (to await)

27. He was found . . . a well-read man. (to be)

28. His clothes were left . . . wherever they happened to fall. (to lie)

29. "You were seen . . . the ring. " "I took it but I didn't steal it. " (to take)

30. The car belonged to the firm, and I wasn't supposed . . . it for my own pleasure. (to use)

31. The invitation was treated as . . . a good sign. (to be)

32. He is in hospital. And his condition is reported as . . . serious. (to be)

Ex. 33. Use the required form of the infinitive in its function of subjective predicative:

1. Monty was rumoured . . . his wife. (to divorce)

2. People were asked . . . which of the four courses they preferred. (to indicate)

3. "Do you know who made up the story?" "No, but it's said . . . someone in the office. " (to be)

4. We were alleged . . . our official knowledge to make some money. (to use)

5. They went off, and I was left . . . the situation. (to face)

6. They were understood . . . . (to quarrel)

7. "Have you seen anything of Roberta lately?" "She is supposed . . . a book. " (to write)

8. His death was supposed . . . by the fire. (to cause)

9. No one seemed to know her whereabouts. She was thought . . . with friends in the country. (to stay)

10. She was not expected . . . , but she did. (to reply)

Ex. 34. Translate the following into English using infinitives or ing-forms as subjective predicatives:

1. Слышали, как посетитель в разговоре с моим отцом упомянул какой-то несчастный случай. (to hear)

2. Ему посоветовали не рассказывать им о своей жизни. (to advise)

3. Девочке велели разлить в чашки чай. (to tell)

4. Слышали, как несколько минут тому назад они спорили на террасе. (to hear)

5. «Я имел обыкновение украдкой уходить из дома вечером, — сказал он, — когда предполагалось, что я занимаюсь, в церковь, чтобы поиграть на органе». (to suppose)

6. Полагают, что он глубоко привязан к семье. (to believe)


7. Было известно, что он пишет книгу о войне. (to know)

8. Через окно можно было видеть, что водитель ждет у машины. (to see)

9. На этот раз меня попросили зайти к нему домой. (to ask)

10. Говорили, что он изменил свое решение. (to report)

11. Когда я позвонил в дверь, было слышно, как в холле лает собака. (to hear)

12. Было известно, что он никогда не отказывался принять пациента в любое время. (to know)

13. Ему разрешили оставить у них свою фамилию и адрес. (to allow)

14. Симон и Дик остались разговаривать в гостиной. (to leave)

15. Ей дали понять, что она должна выехать из этой квартира. (to make)

16. Кое-кто полагал, что у него есть связи с лондонским отделением фирмы. (to believe)

17. Нас оставили посмотреть фильм. (to leave)

18. Его не видно целую неделю. Говорят, что он в отпуске. (to say)

19. Ему велели прийти сюда к мистеру Эбботу. (to tell)

20. Фокса нашли ожидающим нас на террасе. (to find)

21. Билл а провели в гостиную и оставили там рассматривать картины. (to leave)

22. От нас не требуют, чтобы мы сказали, что для него хорошо, а что нет. (to require)

23. Его присутствие было неожиданным, потому что говорили, что он путешествует на Востоке. (to say)

24. Я подумал, что спички не оставляют лежать в саду просто так. (to leave)

25. Я был болен в то время, и миссис Барнаби оставили ухаживать за мной. (to leave)

26. Считалось, что она ушла от мужа. (to believe)

Ex. 35. Supply where necessary the particle to before the infinitive used as objective predicative:

1. He was making every effort to induce his father . . . change his mind.

2. But I got him . . . talk.

3. Nevertheless, on those mornings he could not bring himself . . . read the political correspondents' gossip columns.


4. I knew that he would never encourage his daughter . . . marry a fortune.

5. As he answered her question, I noticed her . . . look surprised.

6. I could feel the blood . . . leave my face in a rush.

7. Understand once and for all, I won't have you . . . say this sort of thing.

8. The doctor had expressly forbidden him . . . talk. 9. He did not hear the car . . . arrive.

10. He had never known his uncle . . . express any sort of feeling.

11. I wasn't prepared to let him . . . go out alone.

12. He was not only giving them the chance, he was pressing them . . . do so.

13. I shall try to make the thing . . . work.

14. They watched Esther . . . return after a time.

15. He drew out a stiff, plain pocket-book I had often seen him . . . use in meetings and began to write down numbers.

Ex. 36. Choose between the infinitive and the ing-form as objective predicative:

l. My will was weakened. I wanted someone . . . on. (to lean) 2. We stood for a while watching a man . . . an Alsatian puppy.

(to train) 3. I can imagine people not . . . him. (to like)

4. Although he was very tired he made himself . . . up and . . . into the bedroom. (to stand, to move)

5. He ordered a bottle of beer and some cheese . . . up to his room. (to send)

6. There was a lot of noise all around now, and amongst it you could hear a plane . . . unusually low. (to fly)

7. I heard Arthur . . . a slight noise which may have been a sigh or a chuckle. (to make)

8. "Why do you always have him . . . around?" "He likes it. " (to hang)

9. I don't like girls . . . . It takes away the fragrance of youth. (to smoke)

10. After supper Willy switched on the wireless and John left him . . . round the drawing-room to the sound of Mozart's piano concerto in С minor. (to dance)

11. We left him . . . the afternoon with his family. (to spend)

12. I can't imagine you . . . anything but what you are. (to be)


33. He felt drowsy all the way in the train, . . . a couple of newspapers and then . . . out of the window at the . . . scene. (to read, to look, to change)

34. The thing . . . was . . . the police. (to do, to call)

35. She opened the door just in time . . . Tom . . . round the corner. (to see, to disappear)

36. Not . . . your letters, I haven't the faintest idea what you're talking about. (to read)

37. He took the first opportunity . . . for his rudeness. (to apologise)

38. I'm too old . . . my ways. (to change)

39. I couldn't resist . . . my money or . . . it . . . my friends. (to show, to spend, to treat)

40. He sat for hours by the river as the trains ran . . . across the bridge. (to shriek)

41. It might be worth . . . . (to try)

42. After some thinking he decided how he would go about . . . the information. (to obtain)

43. He was sitting with his hands . . . round his knee, . . . at the water. (to clasp, to stare)

44. The buildings were kept . . . and in repair by a group of workmen. (to paint)

Ex. 68. Revision: translate the following into English using verbals as objective and subjective predicatives:

1. Издали виден был грузовик, поднимающийся в гору.

2. Я часто видел, как это делается.

3. Меня не пригласили пойти с ними.

4. Очень важно, чтобы это было сделано быстро.

5. Интересно, почему она не хотела, чтобы я с ними познакомился.

6. Считалось, что они прожили очень счастливую жизнь.

7. Он приказал оседлать ему лошадь и поехал в деревню.

8. Я наблюдал из окна, как Диана разговаривала с соседкой.

9. Она заставила меня переодеться к обеду.

10. Он не хотел, чтобы я соглашался.

11. Я слышал, как говорили, что Лиз могла бы стать замечательной пианисткой.

12. Сколько времени, ты полагаешь, я буду здесь стоять? 13. Видели, как она вошла в лес.


14. Мы оставили детей играть на полу.

15. Мальчиков поймали, когда они крали вишню.

16. Мы оставили детей смотреть телевизор.

17. Мне не нравится, когда девушки курят.

18. Я не допущу, чтобы ты так разговаривал со мной.

19. Она улыбнулась, когда услышала, что ее описывают как женщину среднего возраста.

20. Мне велели приготовить чай.

21. Его рассказ продолжал смешить людей.

22. Она застала всю семью в сборе.

23. Они очень давно делали эту работу и не могли себе представить, что кто-то не знает об этом.

24. Он хотел, чтобы проложили дорогу к деревне.

25. Я позволила ему сводить меня в театр.

26. Она не желает, чтобы ее местонахождение стало известным.

Ex. 69. Revision: translate the following into English using infinitive for- and of-phrases:

1. Мне было трудно их убедить.

2. Болезнь помешала ему воспользоваться этой возможностью.

3. Было бы лучше, если бы ему ничего не говорили.

4. Его присутствие позволило мне избежать ссоры.

5. Люси видела, что я был очень озабочен тем, чтобы она произвела хорошее впечатление.

6. Оказалось, что прекратить все эти слухи не так-то просто.

7. Он искал спокойное место, где бы его семья могла отдохнуть.

8. Никто из нас ничего не мог бы сделать в этой ситуации.

9. Это был удобный для нее случай поговорить с ним наедине.

10. Я попросил разрешения, чтобы Том пожил у нас еще неделю.

11. Странно, что он написал такую статью.

12. Для меня большая честь познакомиться с таким человеком, как Джон Бейли.

13. Ему доставит удовольствие все подготовить к их приезду.

14. Им было бы жаль потратить столько усилий зря.

15. Очень предусмотрительно с вашей стороны, что вы пришли сегодня.

16. Мы все ждали, когда придет письмо.


17. Просто удивительно, как это Дэн нашел вас.

18. Мне очень хотелось, чтобы он скорее приступил к работе.

19. Для меня было облегчением уехать из дома.

20. Им было бы удобно не втягивать его в это дело.

21. Ему стоило большого усилия позвонить ей.

22. Очень мило с его стороны, что он интересуется моими делами.

23. Я плотно закрыл дверь, чтобы нам никто не мешал.

24. Он жестом показал, чтобы я вышел.

Ex. 70. Revision: translate the following into English using ing-complexes:

1. Он жаловался на то, что у него в комнате очень холодно 2. Он часто говорил о том, что ему необходимо найти хорошо

оплачиваемую работу, но ничего для этого не делал.

3. В письме упоминалось, что миссис Брейн заболела.

4. Она позвала на помощь. Но у нее не было никакой надежды, что помощь придет.

5. Ей не нравилась мысль о том, что ее сын будет жить в одной комнате с каким-нибудь грубым мальчишкой.

6. Он рассказал ей, что для их сына есть возможность получить работу получше.

7. Она терзалась мыслью о том, что за ее ребенком присматривают какие-то чужие люди.

8. Когда он объявил о дне своего отплытия, она не могла сдержать радости.

9. Джулия убрала сигарету так, что он этого не заметил.

10. Твой отец настаивает на том, чтобы ты получил образование в Оксфорде.

11. Он обещал написать ей письмо, и она с нетерпением ждала, когда получит его.

Ex. 71. Revision: translate the following into English using absolute соnstructions with verbals:

1. Я увидел, что он сидел у окна и одна его рука лежала полусжатой на столе.

2. Это единственный дом там, и во всей округе некому выслеживать его.

3. Она глубоко дышала, губы ее были приоткрыты, щеки разрумянились.

4. Она плакала, не таясь и не сводя с него глаз.

5. С Мери в качестве учительницы он очень быстро научился говорить на хорошем английском языке.

6. Я не могу спать, когда не выключено радио.

7. На третьем этаже загорелось окно: кто-то работал допоздна.

8. Я ушел от них поздно вечером с чувством облегчения от груза забот.

9. Он лежал на спине с закрытыми глазами.

10. Джулия от нечего делать посещала лекции.

11. Она увидела Пэт сидящей на полу среди фотографий, разбросанных вокруг нее.

Ex. 72. Revision: translate the following into English using the proper forms of verbals:

1. Написав на конверте адрес, она выбросила открытку в корзинку для бумаг.

2. Это была любовная связь, которая, как полагали, продолжалась так давно, что о ней перестали говорить.

3. Так случилось, что они обедали у Долли в тот день.

4. Очень мило с его стороны, что он предложил это.

5. Кажется, он не написал никаких новых пьес.

6. Уплатив шоферу, он взглянул на жену, которая стояла в дверях освещенная заходящим солнцем.

7. Чувство времени — это одна из вещей, которым я, кажется, научился у Джимми.

8. Было похоже, что он получал удовольствие от нашей компании.

9. Говорили, что она еще не приняла никакого решения.

10. Ходят слухи, что ей посоветовали не выходить замуж за Теда.

11. Известно, что он был трижды ранен во время войны.

12. У меня появилось ощущение, что за мной наблюдают.

13. Я не помню, чтобы я когда-либо была около их дома.

14. Крису как-то не хотелось, чтобы над ним смеялись.

15. Так как он никогда раньше не занимал денег, он нашел целый ряд людей, которые были готовы одолжить ему небольшие суммы.

16. Я терпеть не мог, когда мне желали удачи.

Key to Exercises

Ex. 6.

7. to run

8. smashing

9. to blur

10. fishing, sailing

11. to want

12. listening

13. meeting

14. to know

15. to find

16. to be

17. staring

18. to be

19. to be

20. wishing

10. to be talking

11. to have aged

12. to have been established

13. to understand

14. to be copying. (to be) translating

15. to have changed

16. to be saying

Ex. 7.

1. That turned out to be true.

2. He seemed to have gained all he wanted.

3. "Where is Miss Stone?" "She seems to be working in the reference library. "

4. He appeared to have no friendly relations with anyone in the office.

5. Bob glanced at his mother to see how she was taking the conversation. But she didn't seem to have been listening.

6. His information turned out to be accurate.

7. She seemed to be writing or drawing.

8. The gossip seemed not to have been taken seriously by my brothers.

9. He's the only friend I seem to have.

10. My father listened gravely, or at least he appeared to be listening.

11. We seem to have had this conversation before.

12. None of you seems to know how to behave in a decent way.

13. He seemed to have been (to be) surprised by the rumour.

14. He did not appear to have heard what she had said.

15. I never knew the fellow, but everyone seems to have liked him.

16. He happened to have been (to be) invited to dinner at Roger's.

17. I happened to be the first to hear about it.

18. Ann met her young man at a dance and later on she went out with him a lot because he proved to be a good boy.

Ex. 8.

1. He went riding every day.

2. She sat gazing straight before her.

Ex. 6.

1. to have lost

2. to be

3. to be reading

4. to have been

5. to have forgotten

6. to have been asking

7. to have become

8. to be

9. to have been snowing

Ex. 10.

1. I sat there for a while just looking at the people.

2. They both paused, listening to the voices on the stairs.

3. Oh, Bert, I never thought I would end my life wrapping brown paper round strange objects.

4. Bernard was still in Scotland staying with relations.

5. Jack shook his head, rejecting the idea.

6. I lay on my bed thinking about this all afternoon.

7. A man walked out of the house carrying a guitar.

8. Dinny is upstairs reading to my son.

9. For a minute we stood still, not being able to realize what was happening.

10. He looked at the present, not believing his eyes.

11. He sat by the fire, trying to read the evening paper.

12. He stood at the top of the stairs watching his wife sort out the letters.

13. He went about the house, smiling quietly.

14. He was alone in the classroom, marking exercise-books.

15. You would be happy living with me in the country.

Ex. 9.

1. to find

2. watching

3. understanding

4. to hear

5. learning

6. dragging

7. to find

8. wondering

9. leaving

10. listening

11. to discover

12. sitting

13. to find

14. meeting

15. saying

16. buying

17. coming

18. correcting

19. to feel

20. finding

21. knowing

22. walking

23. to find

24. balancing

25. proving

3. He came back looking upset.

4. Several men were sitting around eating sandwiches and smoking.

5. I told my husband I wanted to go dancing.

6. She lay crying a long while.

7. That morning the boy went boating alone.

8. I said nothing and the boy went off whistling.

9. We stood waiting for the doors to open.

10. I went swimming that morning.

11. She has gone shopping.

12. With the first gust of wind her husband's hat went sailing through the air.

13. They sat talking over plans for the future.



Ex. 32.

1. to sleep

2. approaching

3. to be

4. to be

5. to tackle

6. to be

7. doing

8. to stand

9. looking

10. to lose

11. to whistle

9. to be staying 10. to reply

12. to feel

13. to wish

14. running

15. to apply

16. to sit

6. to have quarrelled

7. to be writing

8. to have been caused

Ex. 33.

1. to have divorced

2. to indicate

3. to have been

4. to have used

5. to face

13. He was allowed to leave his name and his address with them.

14. Simon and Dick were left talking in the drawing-room.

15. She was made to understand that she must move out of the flat.

16. He was believed by some to have connections with the London branch of the firm.

17. We were left to see the film.

18. He hasn't been seen for a week. He is said to be on holiday.

19. He was told to come here and see Mr Abbott.

20. Fox was found waiting for us on the terrace.

21. Bill was led into the drawing-room and left there to look at the pictures.

22. We're not required to say what is good for him and what isn't.

23. His presence was unexpected because he was said to be travelling in the East.

24. I thought that matches were not left lying about the garden for nothing.

25. I was ill at the time, and Mrs Barnaby was left to look after me.

26. She was believed to have left her husband.

Ex. 34.

1. In his talk with my father the visitor was heard to mention some accident.

2. He was advised not to tell the story of his life to them.

3. The girl was told to fill the cups with tea.

4. They were heard arguing on the terrace a few minutes ago.

5. "I used to steal out of the house at night," he said, "when I was supposed to be studying to play the organ in the church. "

6. He is believed to be deeply attached to his family.

7. He was known to be writing a book about the war.

8. Through the window the driver could be seen waiting beside the car.

9. This time I was asked to call at his house.

10. He was reported to have changed his mind.

11. When I rang the bell a dog could be heard barking in the hall.

12. He had never been known to refuse to see a patient at any hour.

17. to make

18. warming

19. to get

20. refusing.

21. whistling

22. to kill

23. to turn

24. to show

25. to express

26. to await

27. to be

28. lying

29. to take

30. to use

31. being

32. being

Ex. 35.

(Note: x = absence of "to". )


1. to

2. to

3. to

4. to

5. x

6. x

7. x

8. to

9. x

10. x

11. x

12. to

13. x

14. x

15. x

Ex. 36.

1. to lean

2. training .

3. liking

4. stand, move

5. to be sent

6. flying

7. make

8. hanging

9. to smoke

10. dancing

11. to spend

12. being

13. looking

14. look, turn

15. standing

16. to be

17. to go

18. to be

19. looking

20. to be

21. chatting

22. to deal

23. trying

24. crying

25. living

26. being

27. coming

28. walk (walking)

29. thinking

30. hurry (hurrying)

31. leave

32. say

33. sobbing (sob)

34. chatting

35. leave

36. get, whisper, stroll

37. walking

38. walk, turn

39. to be

40. to be

41. to be


Ex. 67.

1. standing, stretched

2. waiting, leaving, cut, pressed, shined

3. falling, to be

4. watching, being made, to set

5. ringing, sitting

6. flashing

7. to find

8. to see, chipping

9. studying

10. sleeping

11. to describe

12. caring

13. bringing

14. to burst, crying

15. to understand, to pity. (to) forgive

16. gazing

17. having been divorced

18. knowing, to turn, to do

19. holding, listening

20. to see

21. to talk

22. to recognise

23. having . . . wasted, to live, work

24. to insist, coming, to talk

25. ruined, having

26. to find, gone

27. to visit, set

28. putting, finishing, raised wrinkled

29. anchored

30. travelling, made, carrying, soiled, filling, to suit

31. to leave, unfastened

32. trying, to induce, to take, to see, share, stand, watching

33. reading, looking, changing

34. to do, to call

35. to see, disappear

36. having read

37. to apologise

38. to change

39. showing, spending, treating

40. shrieking

41. trying

42. obtaining

43. clasped, staring 44. painted

Ex. 68.

1. In the distance a lorry could be seen climbing up a hill.

2. I've often seen it done.

3. I was not asked to go along.

4. It's urgent to get it done quickly.

5. I wonder why she didn't want me to meet them.

6. They were supposed to have lived a happy life.

7. He had his horse saddled and rode to the village.

8. Through the window I watched Diana talk(ing) with the woman next door.

9. She made me change my clothes for dinner.

10. He didn't want me to agree.

11. I've heard it said that Liz could have been a great pianist.

12. How long do you expect me to stand here?

13. She was seen to wander off to the woods.

14. We left the children playing on the floor.

15. The boys were caught stealing cherries.

16. We left the children to watch TV.

17. I don't like girls to smoke.


18. I won't have you talk to me like that.

19. She smiled when she heard herself described as a middle-aged woman.

20. I was told to get the tea ready.

21. His story kept the people laughing.

22. She found the whole family assembled.

23. They had been doing the work so long that they could not imagine anyone not knowing about it.

24. He wanted a road made to the village.

25. I let him take me to the theatre.

26. She doesn't wish her whereabouts disclosed.

Ex. 69.

1. It was hard for me to convince them.

2. His illness made it impossible for him to take the opportunity.

3. It would have been better for him not to be told.

4. His presence made it possible for me to avoid a quarrel.

5. Lucy saw that I was anxious for her to make a good impression.

6. It turned out to be fairly difficult for him to stop the rumours.

7. He was looking for a quiet place for his family to rest.

8. There's nothing for any one of us to do under the circumstances.

9. It was an opportunity for her to speak to him alone.

10. I asked permission for Tom to stay with us another week.

11. It seems strange for him to have written such an article.

12. It's a privilege for me to meet a man like John Bailey.

13. It will be a pleasure for him to arrange everything for their arrival.

14. It would be a pity for them to waste so much effort.

15. It was thoughtful of you to come today.

16. We all of us waited for the letter to come.

17. It's perfectly wonderful of Dan to have found you.

18. I was very anxious for him to start work.

19. It was a relief for me to get away from home.

20. It would be convenient for them not to involve him.

21. It was an effort for him to call her up.

22. It's nice of him to be interested in my affairs.

23. I closed the door tight for us not to be disturbed.

24. He gestured for me to leave.

Ex. 70.

1. He complained about it being too cold in his room.

2. He often spoke of the necessity of his finding a well-paid job but made no move to do so.

3. There was some mention in the letter of Mrs Braine being taken ill.

4. She cried out for help. But she had no hope of help coming.

5. She didn't like the idea of her son sharing a room with some rough boy.

6. He told her of there being a chance of their son getting a better job.


7. She was tortured by the thought of her baby being looked after by strangers.

8. When he announced the date of his sailing she could not contain her joy.

9. Julia took the cigarette away without his noticing it.

10. Your father insists on your being educated in Oxford.

11. He promised to write her a letter and she awaited its coming impatiently.

Ex. 71.

1. I saw him sitting at the window with one hand lying half clenched on the table.

2. It's the only house down there, with nobody around to snoop.

3. She was breathing deeply, with her lips parted and her cheeks flushed.

4. She was weeping openly, with her eyes fixed at him.

5. With Mary teaching him, he learned to speak proper English very quickly.

6. I can't sleep with the radio playing.

7. A window lit up on the third floor, someone working late.

8. I went away from them late at night with the weight of anxiety lightened.

9. He was lying on his back with his eyes closed.

10. Julia with nothing better to do attended the lectures.

11. She saw Pat sitting on the floor with photographs scattered all around her.

Ex. 72.

1. Having addressed the envelope she threw the card in the waste-paper basket.

2. It was a love affair that was supposed to have been going on so long that it had stopped being talked about.

3. They happened to be dining at Dolly's that day.

4. It was nice of him to have suggested that.

5. He doesn't seem to have written any new plays.

6. Having paid the driver, he looked at his wife standing in the open doorway and lighted up by the setting sun.

7. A sense of timing is one of the things I seem to have learnt from Jimmy.

8. He appeared to be enjoying our company.

9. She was said not to have taken any decision yet.

10. She is rumoured to have been advised not to marry Teddy.

11. He is known to have been wounded three times during the war.

12. I felt the intense sense of being watched.

13. I don't remember ever having been near their house.

14. Chris didn't feel like being laughed at.

15. Never having borrowed money before, he found a number of people who were willing to lend him small sums.

16. I detested being wished good luck.

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