Учебное пособие по грамматике английского языка для основного и дополнительного образования Часть вторая icon

Учебное пособие по грамматике английского языка для основного и дополнительного образования Часть вторая


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МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ


ВОЛГОГРАДСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ


Кафедра иностранных языков


A.M. Митина, А.А. Курылев, Е.В. Новоженина,

О.В. Леднева, А.В. Олянич, Н.В. Багметова


CHECK YOUR KNOWLEDGE OF GRAMMAR


Учебное пособие

по грамматике английского языка

для основного и дополнительного образования


Часть вторая

Под общей редакцией A.M. Митиной


РПК «ПОЛИТЕХНИК»

Волгоград


ББК Ш. 143.21-929


Рецензенты


доктор филологических наук, профессор В.И. Карасик

кандидат филологических наук, доцент Покровская Я.А.


Печатается по решению редакционно-издательского совета

Волгоградского государственного технического университета


Check Your Knowledge of Grammar: Учебное пособие / Митина А.М., Курылев А.А., Новоженина Е.В., Леднева О.В., Олянич А.В., Багметова Н.В. Под ред. А.М. Митиной / ВолгГТУ, Boлгоград, 2000. - 54 c.

ISBN 5-230-03742-3


Учебное пособие является продолжением издания, разъясняющего употребление грамматических явлений английского языка. Во второй части пособия содержатся упражнения разнообразного характера, позволяющие закрепить и усвоить теоретический грамматический материал, изложенный в первой части пособия. Упражнения носят коммуникативный характер и, в отличие от упражнений первой части пособия, имеют целью развить навыки грамотного общения на английском языке.

Пособие предназначено для студентов основного и дополнительного образования.


Библиогр.: 7 назв.


ISBN 5-230-03742-3


© Волгоградский государственный

технический университет


UNIT I

^ THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE


Exercise 1. Put the verb into the correct form.

Examples: Water ….boils ....(boil) at 100 degrees centigrade.

Bob .... doesn’t go .... (not/go) to the cinema very often.

How many languages ....do you speak.... (you/speak)

  1. The swimming bath ... ... … …(open) at 9.00 and ... … … …(close) at 18.30 every day.

  2. What time … … … …(the banks/close) in Britain?

  3. I have a car but I … … … …(not/use) it very often.

  4. How many cigarettes … … … …(you/smoke) a day?

  5. ‘What … … …(you/do)?’ ‘I’m an electrical engineer.’

  6. ‘Where … … … …(your father/come) from?’ ‘He … …(come) from Scotland.’

  7. If you need money, why ... ... … …(you/not/get) a job.

  8. I … … … …(play) the piano, but I ... ... ... ...(not/play) very well.

  9. Rice ... ... … …(not/play) in Britain.


Exercise 2. Use the sentences to make questions. Begin your question with the word(s) in brackets.

Examples: Tom plays tennis. (How often?) … …Haw often does Tom play tennis?

Ann watches television. (How often?) How often ............…………....................

I write to my parents. (How often?) ...............................………………...............

I have dinner in the evening. (What time/usually?).......………............................

George works. (Where?) ..........................................…………………….............

I go to the cinema. (How often?) .............................…………………….............

People do stupid things. (Why?) .............................………………......................

The cur breaks down. (How often?) ..…………............................……................

Bob plays tennis. (When?).………………............................................................

He lives in city. (Where?)………………..............................................................

My parents are happy. (Why?)..................…………….........................................


^ Exercise 3. Read the sentences and correct them. The English is correct but the information is wrong.

Example: The sun goes round the earth. The sun doesn’t go round the earth.

The earth goes round the sun.

  1. The sun rises in the west …………………………….………….………............

  2. Mice catch cats .…………………………..………..………….….……….........

  3. Carpenters make things from metal .......……………………..............................

  4. The River Amazon flows into the Pacific Ocean……………..............................

  5. Water boils at 50 degrees Celsius……………………………….........................


Exercise 4. Read the sentences about Brian Johnson and arrange them in the correct order.

Here is a typical day for Brian Johnson.

He goes to work by underground.

He gets up at 7 30.

He works for an advertising agency in Manchester.

It makes him 30 minutes to get to the agency.

He usually has lunch in the agency canteen.

He starts work at 9 o’clock.

He has breakfast at 8 o’clock.

He goes to bed at about 11.

After dinner he watches TV or goes out with his wife.

He finishes work at 5.

Then he goes home and has dinner.

What is your typical day like? Describe it please.


Exercise 5. Welcome to Stanley’s International Restaurant! It is very special place. Every day Stanley cooks a different kind of food. Work to pairs according to models 1 and 2. Use Stanley’s menu:

Model 1: - What kind of food does Stanley cook on Monday?

- On Monday he cooks Italian food.

- Do you go to Stanley’s International Restaurant on Wednesday?

- Yes, I do.

- Why?

- Because I enjoy Chinese food.

- And do you go there on Sunday?

- No. I don’t. I don’t like American food.


Model 2: - What kind of food do you like?

- I like Russian food.

- When do you go to Stanley’s International restaurant?

- I don’t go there.

- Why?

- Because Stanley doesn’t cook Russian food.


^ STANLEY’S MENU

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

Italian food

Greek food

Chinese food

French food

Japanese food

Mexican food

American food


^ Exercise 6. Harry Jordan’s wife is upset with her husband. That’s what she say to him:

“Harry! I’m really upset! When we sit in the living room, you always watch TV and never look at me. When we eat breakfast together, you always read the newspaper and never talk to me. When we go to parties, you usually sit with your friends and seldom dance with me. And you are lazy! You never help mi. When our windows are dirty, you never wash them. When our car is broken, you never fix it. And when our cats are hungry, you never feed them. Sometimes I think you don’t love me.”

Now imagine that you are the Jordan family’s neighbour. You tell another neighbour why Harry’s wife is upset with him.


^ Exercise 7. Answer these questions and then ask another student in your class:

What kind of movies do you like? (comedies, dramas, westerns, war movies, science fiction, cartoons)

Who is your favourite movie actor/actress?

What kind of books do you like? (novels, poetry, short stories, detectives)

Who is your favourite writer?

What kind of TV programs do you like? (comedies, talk-shows, news, sport events, soap operas, musical TV)

What is your favourite food?

What kind of music do you like? (classical music, jazz, rock-n-roll)

Which sports do you like? (football, baseball, golf; hockey, tennis)


^ THE PAST SIMPLE TENSE


Exercise 8. Read a sentence about the present and then write a sentence about the past.

Example. John usually gets up at 7.30. Yesterday …… he got up at7.30……………

John usually wakes up early. Yesterday morning …………………............….........

John usually walks to work Yesterday ..........……………………............…............

John is usually late for work. Yesterday .………………..........................…............

John usually has a sandwich for lunch. Yesterday …………..…..............................

John usually goes out in the evening. Yesterday evening ………….........…............

John usually reads newspapers in the evening. Yesterday evening ...………….......

John usually writes letters to his friends. Yesterday ...................…….……………

John usually sleeps well. Last night .......................…………………………..........


Exercise 9. Make up questions. Ask your friend about his holiday.

Examples: where / go? Where did you go?……………

food/good? Was the food good?……………

1) how long / stay there? 2) stay in a hotel? 3) go alone? 4) how / travel? 5) the weather / fine? 6) what /do in the evenings? 7) meet any interesting people?


Exercise 10. Put the verbs into the correct form. All the sentences are past.

Example: I... didn’t go …… (not/go) to work yesterday because I … wasn’t … (not/be) very well

  1. Tom ...……(not/shave) this morning because he ……… (not/have) time.

  2. We ………(not/eat) anything because we ………(not/be) hungry.

  3. I .....………(not/rush) because I ……………(not/be) in a hurry.

  4. She ....…….(not/be) interested in the book because she ........(not/understand) it.

  5. He ..……....(not/invite) me to the party, so I …………….(not/come).


Exercise 11. A) Steve Baxter is a journalist He’s a very busy man. Look at Steve’s diary and see what he did last week.

B) Ask all types of questions on Steve’s daily activities last week.


Monday 21st

9.00 - visit the BBC Television Centre

14.00 - opening the art museum

Tuesday 22nd

10.15 - interview Lord Harley

14 15 - press conference at the British Museum

Wednesday 23rd

9.30 - discuss new project with Mr. Short

15.00 - meet reporters from Canada

Thursday 24th

11.00 - interview Sam Jones

14 00 - press conference at Hilton Hotel

Friday 25th

10.00 - phone Scotland Yard (Chief Inspector Marks)

C) Tell your classmates about your activities last week.


^ THE FUTURE SIMPLE TENSE


Exercise 12. Complete the sentences with I’ll + a suitable verb. Choose the verbs from the list below:

Have, turn, go, phone, get. do.

Example: I’m too tired to walk home. I think....... I’ll get ........a taxi.

1) I feel a bit hungry. I think ....………...... something to eat. 2) It’s too late to telephone Tom now. I think ………….… him in the morning. 3) ‘It’s a bit cold in this room.’ – ‘Is it? .......………….. on the heating then.’ 4) ‘We haven’t got any cigarettes.’ – ‘Oh, haven’t we ? ………………. and get some. 5) ‘Did you write that letter to Jack?’ – Oh, I forgot. Thanks for reminding me ....………. it this evening. 6) ‘Would you like tea or coffee?’ – ‘………....... coffee, please.’


Exercise 13. Use I think I’ll... or I think I won’t....

Examples: It’s cold. You decide to close the window. – I think I’ll close the window.

It’s raining You decide not to go out - I think I won’t go out.

You feel tired. You decide to go to bed – I………………………………………..

A friend of yours offers you a lift in his car but you decide to walk. - Thank you but I.……………………....

You arranged to play tennis. Now you decide that you don’t want to play………….

You were going to go swimming. Now you decide that you don’t want to go………

Now talk to your partner. He/she suggest that you do something, and you either accept it, or not, as in the following example:

A: There’s a good program in the concert hall. Let’s go there!

B: I think I won’t go. I have a lot to get prepared to the tomorrow test.


Exercise 14. Answer the questions using the words in brackets.

Example: When do you think he’ll arrive? (expect / tonight) - I expect he’ll arrive tonight.

What do you think she’ll say? (probably/nothing) She ......…………………...

Where do you think she’ll go? (expect / London) I ..............…………………

When do you think she’ll leave? (think / tomorrow) I ……………..................

How do you think she’ll go there? (expect / by train) I ……………….............

When do you think she’ll be back? (think /quite soon) I ………………….......

Do you think you’ll miss her? (I’m sure /very much) Yes, ……………….......


^ Exercise 15. All the sentences in this exercise are about the future. Put the verbs into the correct form: will / won’t or the present simple.

Example: When I ...see ...(see) Tom tomorrow, I… ’ll tell ….(tell) him about it.

1) Before you .......(leave), don’t forget to shut the windows. 2) I ……… (phone) you as soon as I ……….. (arrive) in London. 3) Please don’t touch anything before the police ........... (come). 4) When you ……… (see) Brian again, you ....... (not / recognize) him. 5) We …………. (not / start) dinner until Jack .....….(arrive) 6) If I ……….. (need) any help, I ……………. (ask) you. 7) …………. (you / be) ........ lonely without me while I …………….. (be) away. 8) Everyone …………. (be) very surprised if he .......... (pass) the exam.





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