a) General manager and supervisors
b) Vice president and plant managers
c) Department managers and plant managers
4.2. Who is responsible for decision making?
a) General manager
b) Operating management
c) Any manager
4.3. What are the top management functions?
a) Working out the strategy and making main decisions
b) Working out new technologies
c) Only issuing instructions and supervising
4.4. What are basic elements of successful management?
a) controlling and staffing
b) motivation, communication and leadership
c) implementing the approach chosen
4.5. What people should come instead of unsuccessful managers?
a) People with all-round education
b) People with original thinking, more expertise
c) People with investment fund
Контрольная работа для студентов специальности 080503
I. Выберите правильный ответ, обращая внимание на видовременную форму и залог сказуемого и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.1. It is known that the majority of regions … constantly the Federal center for
1.2. The prices … by supply and demand.
1.3. The manager knows that the company … losses recently.
b) has been suffered
1.4. The precious metals … first as money on the basis of weight.
b) were used
c) had used
1.5. Since 1992 the structural transformation of the Russian economy … by major changes in the country’s fiscal picture.
II. Выпишите предложения, содержащие в составе герундий и переведите их на русский язык.
2.1. Natural monopolies including transport are controlled by the state in Russia.
2.2. The discussing of this complex business plan will take much time.
2.3. The increase in government spending and borrowing will have some effect on
the rate of interest.
2.4. She added a clause to all contracts forbidding child labour.
2.5. By agreeing to support human and labour right and environmental standards,
companies get to use the blue United Nation logo.
III. Выпишите предложения в которых инфинитив является подлежащим и переведите их на русский язык.
3.1. To keep unemployment low means to effectively use labour resource of
3.2. To create jobs for young people the government allocated additional means.
3.3. The purpose of each business process is to offer each customer the right
product or service.
3.4. To manufacture this model of equipment is profitable for producers.
3.5. We would like to extend our overdraft facilities.
IV. Прочитайте и устно переведите текст, затем выполните тест по тексту:
The UK government measures against economic decline
We live in a world of change so at that any moment of time there will always be some industries in decline, but others will be growing. A declining industry, therefore would present no serious economic problems if labour and capital were extremely mobile; resources could move from declining to expanding industries.
Economic growth demands large expenditures on research and development, but this involves great risks, especially in the development stage. The development of the industrial process may cost ten or twenty times as much as the original research.
The government also operates its own research and development institutions, and several government agencies exist to offer advice and help firms introducing new technology (i.e. for innovation). In recent years the government has provided financial assistance towards the costs of developments in micro-electronics, office automation, computer-aided design, robots and aerospace. Financial support for innovation is available for all firms, both large and small.
It is believed that the UK's economic growth and ability to compete in world markets depends very much on the existence of a skilled and adaptable labour force.
Even when unemployment was very high during the 1980s, several sectors of
industry were reporting serious shortages of particular types of skilled labour. This was one of several indications that the UK's training effort was lagging behind those of some other industrialized countries. The government has responded to this problem by greatly extending the facilities for training.
The government takes an interest in industrial performance in many other ways. It has played a leading role in the development of management education and took the initiative in setting up the British Institute of Management. It provides a wide range of services to assist exporters most notably with the Export Credits Guarantee Department which, by providing a kind of insurance against the possibility of default by overseas buyers, reduces the risks attached to trading overseas.
Many authorities hold the view that the relatively slow growth of productivity in British industry was at least partly due to constant changes in government economic policy which, by creating uncertainty, made firms very cautious about embarking on expensive modernization programmes. In the 1960s the government attempted to deal with this problem by setting up some machinery to assist with long-term planning. It established the National Economic Development Council with members drawn from the trade unions, the employers, and the government. Its task is to propose measures which would remove obstacles to economic growth and improve Britain's economic performance. Its proposals aim to provide some basis for the government's economic policies, and the setting out of its findings, it is hoped, will encourage industry to frame appropriate development plans.
Выберите правильный ответ и переведите предложения на русский язык.