Реферат Использование нетрадиционных форм урока при обучении иностранному языку в школе icon

Реферат Использование нетрадиционных форм урока при обучении иностранному языку в школе


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^

Answer: Beefeaters



What Do You Know About The Tower of London?

Fill in the missing verbs from the box in the right form.


Be live can stand stay

For a long time the Tower of London was a fortress, a prison and a palace. Many queens and kings lived there. In the Tower you can see the famous Beefeaters and the ravens.

The legend says, “Only so long as the ravens stay, will the White Tower stand.”


Quiz (ENGLAND and the world)

Name___________

Surname__________________ class______________


1. Who (according to the legend) made a great fire in London in 1666?

    1. fireman

    2. butcher

    3. baker

    4. child

  1. What flower is the national symbol of England?

    1. rose

    2. lily

    3. camomile

    4. lily-of-the-valley

  2. How many big parks are there in London?

    1. 5

    2. 1

    3. 3

    4. 10

  3. What castle in Britain is the museum now?

    1. Bodiam

    2. Caerphilly

    3. Tower

  4. What is Great Britain?

    1. island

    2. peninsula

    3. continent

    4. group of islands




  1. What is Britain’s national drink?

    1. tea

    2. Coca- Cola

    3. coffee

  2. What is the national currency of Great Britain?

    1. euro

    2. dollar

    3. pound

  3. They were the first conquerоrs of Great Britain.

    1. Romans

    2. Saxons

    3. Vikings

    4. Normans




  1. Look at the map. Write down the numbers of the countries.



England Italy Greece Germany France

  1. Match the countries with their capitals.

1. France a) Berlin

2. England b) Athens

3. Italy c) Washington

4. Germany d) Rome

5. Greece e) London

6. USA f) Paris


Answers:


1







2







3







4







5







6







7







8







9



















10

1




2




3




4




5




6






Keys:


1

c





2

a




3

c




4

c




5

d




6

a




7

c




8

a




9

2

1

4

5

3




10

1

f

2

e

3

d

4

a

5

b

6

c



Guiding workshops

Pereslavl - Zalesskiy, 29 March – 1 April, 2007.


Trainer – Ekaterina Klimova.


Mimics and gestures in guiding I


By the end of the workshop we are going to find the answer

the following question:

          • What mimics and gestures can we use in guiding?


Step 1. Warming-up

Complete this questionnaire individually.

^ You have to speak in English to a group of strangers. Would you…






Yes

No

- be frightened?







- become self- conscious?







- forget what you wanted to say?







- be afraid of making mistakes?







- lack self- confidence?








Let’s discuss your answers.

You may begin like that: I would be………., because……..…

Make the conclusion: It is not easy to be a public speaker.


Step 2.

Fear of public speaking is perfectly normal and affects most people. But you should be self- confident and create a good impression.


^ There are some rules how to create a good impression.

When you are talking to the group of tourist you should be SOFTEN:

S = Smile

O = point to the Object you are talking about

F = be Friendly

T = Try to show your best (show your professionalism as a guide)

E = make Eye contact with the people you are talking to

N = Never dispute


Step 3. Your mimics and gestures will help you to create a good impression.

There are some types of gestures in guiding:

  • Pointing (when you point to the object)

  • Reconstructing (when you talk about the construction of the building, architecture)

  • Incentive (when you suggest going on the excursion)


Fill in the table with the words:

too energetic round conservative mild sharp divertive coinciding with the rate of moving continual temperate

Gestures should be


Gestures should not be

round

too energetic

conservative

sharp

mild

divertive

coinciding with the rate of moving

continual

temperate

















Also there are gestures which do not have any meaning. In guiding we can call them “gestures- parasites”. They can make an awful impression

Our professional success depends on the attention of the tourists. We should attract this attention in different ways. There are three things, which show us the skill of the guide: language, mimics and gestures, and the contact with the group of tourist.

Mimic is also very important.

  • You should make the Eye contact with the tourists.

  • You should smile and be friendly

  • You shouldn’t show your real emotions in unpleasant situations.


Step 4. Let’s watch the film about Yaroslavl. Pay your attention to the guides’ work. Did you like their ways of being a guide?

What was perfect in the guides’ behaviour?




__________Man___________________________________Woman_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

^ What mistakes did you notice?


__________Man___________________________________Woman_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Let’s discuss your answers. Why did the mistakes arise?

^ Control your emotions, mimics and gestures!!!


Guiding workshops

School № 80 project

Yaroslavl, Оctober - November, 2007


Trainer – Ekaterina Klimova.


Mimics and gestures in Your Public Speaking Presentations II


By the end of the workshop we are going to find the answer

for the following question:

          • What mimics and gestures can we use in guiding?


Our professional success depends on the attention of the tourists. We should attract this attention in different ways. So, your mimics and gestures may help you to do it. Your mimics and gestures are very important!

Fear of public speaking is perfectly normal and affects most people. But if you are a guide, you should be self- confident and create a good impression.

STEP I.Warming-up

Imagine, that you are a guide, you are talking to the group of foreign tourists. Work individually and answer the question:

What will you do to create a good impression during your speech?

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Let’s discuss your answers.

^ STEP II.TO CREATE A GOOD IMPRESSION, YOU MUST BE SOFTEN!

Work in a group and try to guess what each letter in this word means for a guide.

S O F T E N

__________ ____________ ____________ _____________ ___________ ____________

__________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ___________ ____________

__________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ___________ ____________

__________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ___________ ____________

__________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ___________ ____________


Let’s discuss your ideas.


STEP III. Compare your ideas with the following and correct if necessary.

There are some rules how to create a good impression, when you are talking to the group of tourist. You must be SOFTEN:

S = ^ Smile

O = point to the Object you are talking about

F = be Friendly

T = Try to show your best (show your professionalism as a guide)

E = make Eye contact with the people you are talking to

N = Never dispute

STEP IV. Your mimics and gestures will help you to create a good impression.

L
The HEAD. You must always have your head well balanced.
ook at the picture. Listen to the information.



The FACE. You must show your emotions through the face.

The BODY. Your body must move in harmony you’re your speaking.Your front must always be faced to the audience in 45 degrees.

The EYES. Use your eyes to make an emphasis. Make Eye contact with the people you are talking to.






^ The HANDS and ARMS. The hands are the most important tool you have to make gestures in public speaking. Making gestures with your arms will add a visual representation for your audience .



Let’s discuss the information.


STEP V. Types of gestures in guiding.

Listen to the information and try to answer When do we use each type of gesture?

There are some types of gestures in guiding:

  • Pointing ________________________________________(when you point to the object)

  • Reconstructing _____________________________________________(when you talk about the construction of the building, architecture)

  • Incentive ______________________________________________(when you suggest going on the excursion)

STEP VI. Remember! Your gestures must be round, conservative, mild, temperate, coinciding with the rate of moving. All your gestures must be deliberate and slow enough for the audience to know what you are gesturing. Movements may be slow and gentle, slow and intense, swift and light, or swift and strong. The size, length and velocity of a gesture depend upon the what you need to emphasize on.


STEP VII. 1.Work in a group and prepare a small part of the guide’s presentation.

Group 1: St. Elias the Prophet’s Church.

Group 2: The Church of the Nativity of Christ.

2.Act out the situation of presentation of the point. One of you will be a guide, all the others will be the audience.

3.Pay your attention to the guide’s work of the other group. Did you like their way of being a guide?

^ What was perfect in the guides’ behaviour?

Group 1

Group 2

























^ What mistakes did you notice?

Group 1

Group 2

























Let’s discuss your answers.

STEP VIII. Let’s make the conclusion.

Answer the question: What should you do to improve your gesturing skills?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

You should practice as much as possible to gain more control on your gestures while speaking. With more practice on your gestures, you will make your public speaking presentations more powerful and captivating. It’s better to use mirror, while you are practicing. Practice all the gestures of your public speaking presentation many times before you actually present.


Guiding workshops

School № 80 project

Yaroslavl, November, 2006.





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