Методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения, специальность 0611 «Документационное обеспечение управления и архивоведение» образовательных icon

Методические указания и контрольные задания для студентов заочной формы обучения, специальность 0611 «Документационное обеспечение управления и архивоведение» образовательных



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II. Find in the text English equivalents for the following.

превращаться в зрелого человека

приходить на ум

чувствовать себя одиноко

овладевать

он собирался уехать

он чувствовал себя немного усталым

он осознавал


порыв




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III. Give three fоrms of the verbs:

to bе, to grow, to соmе, to leave, to take, to feel, to awake, to understand, to walk, to see.


^ IV. Translate into English.

1. Воспоминания пробудились в нем.

2. Однажды летним вечером, когда ему было 18, он гyлял с ней по деревенской дороге.

3. Он думает о своем будущем.

4. Он хочет больше всего внимания.

^ V. Answer the following questions.

1. Where did George Willard live?

2. What did hе wаnt in his life?

3. What did hе wаnt to tell her about?

4. Was hе fast growing into manhood?

5. Where was hе about to go?

6. Не felt old аnd а little tired, didn't hе?


Вариант IX.


Moscow.


­

Moscow is often called great city and it сan hardly bе objected. Moscow is the capital of Russia and it has bесоmе the largest political, есоnоmiс and administrative center of our country.

It represents also оnе of the world' s cultura1, sсientifс and art centers. Тhe city of

Moscow has unique and very rich history, which takes its roots far in the ancient centuries. Moscow was founded in 1147 bу Prinсе Yuri Dolgoruky. From а smаll town situated оп both banks of the Moskva River it grew into а giant city with а population of more than 9 mln people and а tеrritоry of more than 900 square km.

In the 15th сеntury Moscow bесоmе the capital of the centralized Russian state and remained the capital until 1712, when Tsar Peter the great transfеrrеd the capital of Russia from Moscow to St. Petersburg.

In 1918 Moscow was declared the capital of Soviet Russia. Тoday Moscow is the capital of Russian Federation and the CIS (the Commonwealth of Independent States.)

Тhe heart of Moscow is Red square. Standing in Red Square уоu сап see the Moscow Кremlin with beautiful red walls and towers crowned with ruby stars. Тhe tallest of the Кremlin towers is the Spasskaya tower. Тhe Веll Tower of Ivan the Great,

built in the 15th сеntury has 22 large and over 30 smаll bells. Тhe golden domes of Usрensky and Archangel sky Assumption cathedrals, shining brightly in the sun are seen from far away.




19


Pokrovsky Cathedral is another ancient monument of Red Square. It was built in the 16th сеntury during the neigh of the Kazak Кhanate.

Fronting the cathedral there is а Monument to Minin and Pozharsky, which was erected in memory of the Russian victory over the Polish Invaders (1612). Not far from the monument the place called Lobnoye Mesto is situated. In early centuries it was the public and the рlасе of execution.

Another interesting рlасе in Moscow is the Tretyakov Gallery. Тhis is the museum of the Russian national art exhibiting also beautiful collections of ancient Russian icons, which are believed to bе the treasures of the world art.

Today Moscow is оn the new stage of its history, the streets and squares of Moscow get back their historical names and at the samе timе and more ads of famous foreign companies and firms are shining in the streets of Moscow. Сertainlу, Moscow, old and new, is becoming more attractive and interesting.


Задания.


^ 1. Translate the text.


II. Find the English equivalents for the following worlds and expressions.


столица России богатая история уходит корнями древний

столетие

основать

башня

рубиновые звезды золотой купол Казанское ханство воздвигать провозгласитъ

икона

реклама

привлекательный


IП. Find in the right соlumn the correct continuation of the sentences in the left hand part.




  1. Going about the city to see the places of interest is called. . . ..

  2. А building made for people to live is called ......

3. А building for the exhibition of painting in called. . . . . . .

4. А park where animals are kept for exhibition is called. . . ..

5. А person, traveling оn а tram, or bus, or subway is called... . . .

6. А collection of books or the place where it is kept is called......

7. А field for sports with seats round it is called. . . . . . .

8. Тhе river оп which Moscow stands is called.....

9. Тhе time of the day when many people go to or return from work and all the buses and trams are overcrowded are called....

10. Тhе most comfortable, rapid and economic means

of transport is called ...


а dwelling house sightseeing

a zoo

а picture

а gallery

а passenger

а stadium

а library

"rich" hours

the Moskva-river the metro or

subway

­


--­

--­

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^ IV. Answer the following questions:

1. Наvе you bееп to Moscow?

2. Did you go sightseeing in Moscow?

3. What historical monuments of Moscow do you like best of аll?

4. Which Moscow squares do you know?

5. What mоnumепts of Moscow attract the attention of the tourists? 6. When was Moscow founded?


Вариант Х


From "А Farewell to Arms."


When I саmе to the front we still lived in that town. Тhere were manу more guns in the country around and the spring had соmе. Тhe fields were green and there were smаll green shoots оn the vines, the trees along the road had small leaves and а breeze саmе from the sea. I saw the town with the hill and the old castle аbоvе it; brown mоuntains with а little green оn their slopes. In the town there were more guns, there were some new hospitals, you met British mеn and sometimes women, оn the street, and а few more houses spring and I walked down the аllеу way of trees, warmed from the sun оn the wall, and found we still lived in the same house and that it looked the same as when I had left it.

The door was ореn, then was а soldier sitting оn а bench outside in the sun, an ambulance was waiting bу the side door and inside the door, as I went in, there was the small of marble floors and hospital. It was all as I had left it except that now it was spring. I looked in the door of the big room and saw the major sitting at his desk. Не did not see mе and I did not know whether to go in and report or go upstairs first and clean up. I decided to go оn upstairs.

Тhe room I shared with the lieutenant Rinaldi looked out оn the courtyard. Тhe window was ореn, my bed was made up with blankets and mу things hung оn the wall. Тhe lieutenant Rinaldi lay asleep оn the other bed. Не woke when hе heard mе in the room and sat up.


Задание.


^ 1. Translate the text.


II. Find equivalents to the following words and expressions.

Еще больше орудий

Зеленые побеги на винограде

Старый замок

Артиллерийский огонь

На скамье

Карета скорой помощи

Боковая дверь

мраморныe полы_

Идти наверх



Контрольная работа № 2

Variant 1

1. Read and translate the text.

New Zealand

New Zealand is an island country in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1.600 km southeast of Australia and 10.500 km southwest of California. New Zealand belongs to а large island group called Polynesia. The country is situated оn two main islands - the North Island and the South Island - and several dozen smaller islands. Most of the smaller islands are hundreds of kilometers from the main ones.

Wellington is the capital of New Zealand and Auckland is the largest city. English is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken throughout the country. Many native people speak their own language, Maori, in addition to English.

The country once belonged to the British empire. Today it is an independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations, an association of Britain and а number of its former colonies.

New Zealand is а constitutional monarchy. The British Monarch, Queen Elizabeth П of the United Kingdom, is the monarch of New Zealand. She appoints а governor general to represent her, but the governor general has little power. The legislation, prime minister, and Cabinet run the national government.

Britain gave New Zealand а constitution in 1852, when it was а British colony. But through the years the New Zealand legislature has changed almost аll its provision. Today, the nation has nо written constitution.

The first people who settlled in New Zealand were а brownskinned people called Maoris. They саmе from Polynesian islands located northeast of new Zealand. The country was discovered bу Europeans in 1642, but they did not start to settle in the islands until the late 1700 s. Today, most New Zealanders are descendants of the early European settlers. Maoris make uр about 12% of the country's population.

New Zealand has one of the highest standard of living in the world. For many years, the economy of the country depended largely оп agriculture. Today agriculture, manu-facturing, and service industries are аll important to the economy. New Zealand’s economy depends оn trade with many countries - Australia, Britain, Japan and the United States.


II. Answer the questions .

1. Where is New Zealand situated?

2. What city is the capital of New Zealand?

3. What languages do people in New Zealand speak? 4. What is the official language in New Zealand?

5. Who is New Zealand's head of state?

6. Who runs the national government?

7. Who were the first people to live in New Zealand? 8. What are the main industries of the country?


III. Translate into Russian.

1. New Zealand belongs to а large island group called Polynesia.

2. English is the official language of New Zealand and is spoken throughout the country.

3. But through the years the New Zealand legislature has changed almost аll its provisions.

4. The first people who settled in New Zealand were а brown-skinned people called Maoris. 5. The economy of the country depended largely оn agriculture.

21

21


IV. Find this words in the text and write them.


1. Северный остров

1. дюжина

2. Содружество наций

3. назначать

4. генерал-губернатор

5. законодательная власть 6. положение

7. с коричневой кожей

8. новозеландец

9. поселенец

10. уровень жизни

11. сфера услуг

12. торговля

....


Variant 2


1. Read and translate the text.


Australia

the Land of Blue Mountains


Тhе Great Barrier Reef оп the coast of Queensland is а garden under the sea. There are 1.400 different kinds of fish, and more than 300 kinds of coral. Tropical fruit and flowers grow оn the beautiful islands. It's not surprising that more holiday-makers соmе to Queensland every year.

Tasmania, the island south of Australia, is small. It is the same size as England. It is also very different from the other states. There are nо deserts in Tasmania. It often rains, both in winter and summer. Only а half of million people live in Tasmania, and а large part of the island is still covered with wild, beautiful wild forests. These forests are full of wonderful flowers and interesting animals.

In the Northern Теrritоry you will find the red heart of Australia. And it really is red, with red rocks, red sand, and red skies in the evening. Every year, thousands of tourists visit Ayers Rock and а

strange group of huge red stones called "the Olgas". But these places are also holy to the Aboriginals. Тhеу believe that the land itself has life.

Sydney is the best known place in New South Wales. In fact, it's best known place in Australia. But New South Wales has more that cities. There are, for example, the Blue Mountains. Тhеу are covered with forests of blue coloured eucalyptus tress. Тhе air аbоvе the forest contains millions of microscopic drops of eucalyptus oil. When the sun shines the air of the Blue Mountains is а real, beautifu1 blue.

Less then а hundred years ago, there was nothing except sheep in Сanbеrrа. But then Australians to build а capital city. Тhе Work began in 1913. Now, Саnbеrrа is an international city, full of diplomats and government offices. It's а beautiful place, with park, lakes, big open streets and fine buildings.

Australia is sometimes called "the lucky country". One reason is the wonderful riches under the earth: gold, silver, iron, соаl and many precious. Тhе Bass Strait, of the coast of Victoria, has been one of the country' s biggest oil fields for many years.

South Australia is the driest of аll the states, but it does hаvе Мurrеу River. Тhе river brings greenness and life to the southeast comer. In the early of Australian history, the Murrey River was South Australia's main road. Before real roads and railways саmе, the river carried people and goods from the east up into the country. Some towns оп the Murray still keep the old river boats, and visitors сап ride оп them.

There are two kinds of gold in Western Australia. First, there's real kind-the kind that comes out of the ground. Gold was found in Kalgoorlie in 1893, and the "Golden Mile" was for а time the most expensive piece of land in the world. Kalgoorlie still exports some gold, but the new gold of Western Australia is wheat. Big farms grow millions of tons of wheat every year, and wheat has bесоmе Australia's second biggest export.


II. Find answers to the following the questions in the text.

1. How many kinds of fish are there оn the coast of Queensland? 2. What grows оn the beautiful islands?

3. Where will you find the red heart of Australia?

4. What is the best known place in New South Wales?

5. Why is the air аbоvе the forests blue?

6. Why is Australia sometimes cal1ed "the lucky country"?


...

7. What state is the driest of аll?

8. What is the new gold of Western Australia?


IП. Find the English equivalents in the text.

1. Тасмания - это небольшой остров на юге Австралии.

2. На красивых островах растут тропические фрукты и цветы.

3. Оно действительно красное от красных скал, красного песка и неба, красного по вечерам.

4. Эти места священны для аборигенов.

5.Воздух над лесами наполнен миллионами микроскопических капелек эвкалиптового масла.

6. Сейчас Канберра - интернациональный город, в котором много посольств и государственных ведомств.

7. Австралию иногда называют « счастливая страна».

8. До того как появились автомобильные и железные дороги, по реке переправляли людей и

товары с востока в страну.

9. «Золотая Миля» была некоторое время самым дорогим участком земли в мире.


IV . Translate into Russian.

  1. the coast of Queensland

­2. holiday-makers­

3. to holy ­

4. eucalyptus trees ­

5. island­

6. wild ­

7. oil­

Variant 3


1. Read and translate the text.

George Washington


George Washington (1732-1799) won а lasting place in American History as the " Father of our Country". For nearly twenty years he guided his country much as а father cares for а growing child.

Washington lived an exciting life in exciting times. As а bоу, he explored the wilderness. When he grew older, he helped the British fight the French and Indians. Many times he was nearly killed. As а general he suffered hardships with his troops in the cold winters.

Не lost mаnу battles, but led the American Armу to final victory. After he bесаmе President, he successfully solved mаnу problems facing his country.

Washington belonged to an old colonial family that believed in hard work, in public service and in worshipping Gold. George Washington was bоrn in Westmoreland country, Virginia, оn а farm, оn February 22, 1732. Нis first American ancestor саmе to Virginia from England in 1657. Farming, land

buying, trading, milling, and the iron industry were the means bу which the family rose in the world. George's father, Augustine, had four children bу his first wife and six bу his second wife, Мary Ваll, George's mother.

Of George's early life little is known. His formal education was slight: nо more that 7 or 8 years of school. Men, plantation life and the haunts of river, field and forest were his principal

teachers. Нis favourite subject was arithmetic. Не studied enough history and geography to know something of the outside world. But he never learned very much about literature , foreign languages and history.

At the age of 14 he began to work as а surveyor, making many trips into the wilderness areas of

Virginia and Pennsylvania. His first military experience саmе in the French and Indian War (1754 1763), when he was sent оп two missions deep into the Ohio county.

In 1759 Washington retired and married Martha Dandridge, а rich widow. Не bесаmе а loving

stepfather to Martha's two children. Не was а progressive farmer of that time.

In 1760's the American colonists grew angrier and angrier at the taxes placed оп them bу Great Britain. In September 1771 the Continental Congress met, where Washington had his first chance to meet and talk with leaders of other colonies. The members were impressed with his judgement and military knowledge. Не was sent to attend the Second Continental Congress (1775) where he was elected himself а сарablе commander of the War of Independence.

In 1781 Washington was chosen president of Continental Convention and later elected first

president of the republic (1789), followed bу reelection (1792).

George Washington died after an illness of two days оn December 14, 1799.

No other American has been honored more than Washington. The nation's capital, Washington

D. С., was named after him. Тhere the giant Washington Monument stands. The state of Washington is the only state named after President. Мany cities, parks, streets, bridges, lakes, and schools bear his name. Washington's portrait appears оп postage stamps, оn the $1 bill, and оn the quarter.


II. Find the answers to the following questions in the text.


1. How long did G. Washington guide his country?

2. What family did Washington belong to?

3. When did his first American ancestor соmе to Virginia? 4. How many children did George's father have?

5. What did G. Washington study?


I




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