Михеева И. В. Английский язык. XI класс: учебник для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка, лицеев и гимназий: профильный уровень icon

Михеева И. В. Английский язык. XI класс: учебник для школ с углубленным изучением английского языка, лицеев и гимназий: профильный уровень


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^

Castle Clinton


B11. Castle Clinton was built in the times of

Napoleonic wars and great tension between Britain
and the US. New York was almost

and in a short time five new forts, Castle Clinton among them, were built.

^ DEFENSE


B12. However, it was never used as a fortress. In
1824, it became a place of public

ENTERTAIN


B13. A newspaper described, it as a "fanciful garden,

tastefully ornamented with shrubs and flowers". The

garden was the setting for band concerts,

fireworks and demonstrations of the latest _____________ SCIENCE


achievements.


B14. Many _______________________people were

honored at the Garden, President Andrew Jackson among them.


REMARK



B15. In 1896 Castle Clinton became the city Aquarium

and thousands of rushed to see

fish that came from the waters around New York.


B16. Later exotic fish from around the world were brought to

the Aquarium and the collection grew in number and _____________________

VISIT


VARY

^ 3.3. ЗАДАНИЯ НА ПРОВЕРКУ ЛЕКСИКО-ГРАММАТИЧЕСКИХ НАВЫКОВ (СОЧЕТАЕМОСТЬ)

3.3.1. Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номе­рами А22-А29. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А29, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обве­дите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

^

Your Future World


What will you be doing in 2025? Will you be living in an undersea

research station? Will you be the chief engineer A22 abridge

across the Atlantic Ocean? Will you be leading an A23 _____ to the planet Mars? Will you be...?

You can daydream, of course, but nobody knows exactly what the
world will be A24 . But scientists have made some guesses.

Based on the advances made, they believe people will be healthier. Diphtheria, malaria, tuberculosis, polio and many other killers are

under control now. These diseases are on the way out, A25 ___

to germ-killing chemicals, new ways of finding out about our bodies,
and new ways of providing clean, safe A26 and water.

Healthier people live longer, so we can expect the world's

population to A27 sharply. It may double in the next forty

years! This brings up a serious problem: how will we find food, water and minerals for such a huge population?

Scientists are at work on some A28 . From the ocean

they hope to get new fertilizers to increase the yield of the soil; new

chemicals to kill crop-destroying insects without A29 other

animals, new sources of water or supplies of food.

A22. 1) inventing 2) designing 3) scheming 4) doing

A23. 1) exploration 2) expenditure 3) expedition 4) exhibit

A24. 1) like 2) alike 3) likely 4) likable

A25. 1) as a result 2) because 3) on account 4} thanks

A28. 1) eat 2) feed 3) food 4) cooking

A27. 1) decrease 2) distract 3) dissolve 4) increase

A28. 1) solutions 2) alternatives 3) preferences 4) questions

A29. 1) hurting 2) harming 3) injuring 4) wounding


Раздел 4. ПИСЬМО

^ 4.1. ПИСЬМО ЛИЧНОГО ХАРАКТЕРА

4.1.1. Personal Letter.

You have 20 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your pen friend Vicky who writes:

... At school we are doing projects on schools and school rules in different countries. Could you tell me what kind of rules you have in your school?

As the holidays are coming I am thinking of looking for a job…

Write a letter to Vicky.

In your letter

  • tell her about the rules in your school (3-4 examples)

  • ask 3 questions about a job she would like to have

Write 100-140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.

^ 4.2. ПИСЬМЕННОЕ ВЫСКАЗЫВАНИЕ C ЭЛЕМЕНТАМИ РАССУЖДЕНИЯ ПО ПРЕДЛОЖЕННОЙ ПРОБЛЕМЕ

4.2.1. You have 40 minutes to do this task. Comment on the following statement.

A number of people believe that pocket money teaches teenagers to be responsible with money. Others say that teenagers are too young to deal with money and that their parents should just buy them what they need.

Do you think that being given pocket money teaches teenagers anything?

Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan

  1. Introduction (State the problem).

  2. Express your opinion and give reasons for it.

  3. Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.

  4. Conclusion.



Контрольная работа № 2


Раздел 1. TESTS

  1. Countable and Uncountable Nouns


Translate from Russian into English:


  1. Он всегда даёт хорошие советы.

  2. Что нового? – У меня для тебя есть хорошие новости, но сообщу тебе о них при встрече.

  3. Дай эти деньги мне. Ты такой рассеянный, ты их всегда теряешь.

  4. Все сведения, полученные нами вчера, были очень важны.

  5. Это такая неожиданная новость!

  6. Разреши дать тебе один совет – не спорь с ним, он знает, о чём говорит.

  7. Я только что просмотрел вашу книгу. Там много сведений об учебных заведениях США и Канады.

  8. Мне очень нравятся эти часы. Где вы их купили?

  9. У неё красивые волосы. Они густые и длинные.

  10. Многие из этих советов оказались для нас очень полезными.

  11. Его одежда всегда опрятна.

  12. Сколько у тебя денег? – Мало, на покупку часов их не хватит.

  13. Возьмите эти ножницы. Они острые.

  14. Она купила новые часы, хотя у неё уже есть двое часов.

  15. Ваших знаний недостаточно, чтобы успешно выполнить работу.

  16. Товар только что прибыл на станцию.

  17. У этого студента глубокие знания по вашему предмету.

  18. Меня очень радуют успехи, которые вы сделали за последнее время.

  19. Ничто не могло заставить его последовать этим советам.

  20. Я получил сведения, которые вы мне послали. Они очень интересные. Но это ещё не полные сведения.

  21. Если ты не собираешься следовать моим советам, зачем же ты просишь дать их тебе?

  22. Старайтесь быть кратким в каждом совете, который вы даёте.

  23. Я не знаю, насколько важны эти сведения.

  24. Многие из этих советов были очень полезны для нас.

  25. Как много приятных новостей вы нам принесли!



b) Reported Speech. Sequence of Tenses.


Translate from Russian into English:



  1. Прежде чем он разрешил нам уйти, он заставил нас пообещать ничего никому не рассказывать.

  2. Она поинтересовалась, знаю ли я, когда вернётся Марк, и добавила, что его уже целую неделю нет в городе.

  3. Том сказал, что он решил не покупать этот дом, потому что он в два раза дороже, чем дом напротив.

  4. Ни вы, ни я ничего не знаем о последних решениях компании, поэтому я предлагаю подождать до конца недели.

  5. Я боялся, что он будет сердиться, если мы не придём вовремя.

  6. Анна сказала, что не позвонила мне вчера потому, что ей пришлось навестить подругу в больнице.

  7. Мой приятель спросил меня, пообедаю ли я с ним, если он пригласит меня.

  8. Я поинтересовался, обсуждали ли они этот вопрос на собрании.

  9. Когда мы пришли в магазин купить посудомоечную машину последней модели, то узнали, что такие машины уже проданы.

  10. Мы не были уверены, изменит ли менеджер своё решение, но если он передумает, все будут удивлены.


c) The Gerund

Translate from Russian into English using the Gerund:



  1. Криком вы ничего не добьётесь.

  2. Об этом не стоит спорить.

  3. Обезьянка была такая смешная, что я не мог не улыбнуться.

  4. Он настаивал на том, чтобы его тоже пригласили на встречу.

  5. Мне не удалось купить билеты.

  6. Я с нетерпением жду его приезда.

  7. Мне не хочется переводить эти предложения.

  8. Он не одобрял, что она пьёт так много кофе.

  9. Его обвинили в том, что он продал важные государственные секреты.

  10. Сильный дождь не позволил нам пойти погулять.

  11. Я удивлён, что вы пропустили так много уроков в этом семестре.

  12. Благодарю вас за то, что вы сделали эту работу для меня.

  13. Дом нужно покрасить.

  14. Интересно, почему он ушёл, не попрощавшись.

  15. Она привыкла к тому, что ей часто говорят, что она красивая.

  16. Он отрицал, что взял деньги.

  17. Она рассмеялась.

  18. Мама возражает против того, что я привожу в дом друзей.

  19. Бесполезно звонить ему сейчас. Его нет дома.

  20. Вы можете положиться на него, он сделает работу вовремя.


Раздел 2. ЧТЕНИЕ

^ 2.1. ЗАДАНИЯ НА ПОНИМАНИЕ ОСНОВНОГО СОДЕРЖАНИЯ ПРОЧИТАННОГО ТЕКСТА

2.1.2. Установите соответствие между заголовками А-Н и текстами 1-7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

A. Supercomputer Е. Intelligent machines in our

life

B. Human intelligence test F. Computer intelligence test

C. Man against computer G. Computers change human

brains

D. Robotic industry H. Electronic film stars

  1. Artificial intelligence is the art of making machines that are able to “think”. We often don't notice it, but artificial intelligence is all around us. It is present in computer games, in the cruise control in our cars and the servers that direct our e-mail. Some scientists believe that the most powerful computers could have the power of the human brain. Machines have always been excellent at tasks like calculation. But now they are better than humans in many spheres, from chess to mixing music.

  2. The world's most powerful computer is ASCI Purple, made by IBM in 2004. It can carry out 100 trillion operations per second and has the size of two basketball courts. A computer with double power is expected in the next two years. A spokesman for IBM said that ASCI Purple is near the power of the human brain. But some scientists believe our brains can carry out almost 10,000 trillion operations per second.

3. The possible dangers of intelligent machines became the stories of many science fiction films. In The Terminator (1984), a computer network uses nuclear weapons against the human race in order to rule the world. This network then makes intelligent robots called 'Terminators' which it programs to kill all the humans. In The Matrix (1999) and The Matrix Reloaded (2003), a machine dominates humanity, using people as batteries to power itself.

4. In 1997, then the world chess champion Garry Kasparov played against IBM's Deep Blue supercomputer — and lost. After six games, the world-famous Kasparov lost 2.5 to 3.5 to the computer. In February 2003, Kasparov restored human reputation by finishing equal against the Israeli-built supercomputer Deep Junior. Kasparov ended the game with the score 2-2 against US company X3D Technologies' supercomputer X3D Fritz in November 2003, proving that the human brain can keep up with the latest developments in computing (at least in chess).


5. There are a number of different methods which try to measure intelligence, the most famous of which is perhaps the IQ, or 'Intelligence Quotient' test. This test was first used in early 20th century Paris. The modern day IQ test measures a variety of different types of ability such as memory for words and figures and others. Whether IQ tests actually test general intelligence is disputable. Some argue that they just show how good the individual is at IQ tests!

в. Analysis shows that human intelligence is changing. We are gaining abilities in some areas of intelligence, while losing them in others, such as memory. So this generation may not remember the great number of poems, their abilities are greater in other areas. It has been discovered that wide use of video games improves reaction time. But we could only dream of computing without calculators as fast as our grandparents did.

7. In 1950 mathematician Alan Turing invented a test to check machine intelligence. In the Turing Test, two people (A and B) sit in a closed room, a third person (C), who asks questions, sits outside. Person A tries to answer the questions so that person С doesn't guess who they are: men or women, while person В tries to help him (C) in their identification. Turing suggested a machine take the place of person A. If the machine fooled the human, it was likely to be intelligent.



1

2

3

4

5

6

7





















^ 2.2. ЗАДАНИЯ НА ПОНИМАНИЕ СТРУКТУРНО-СМЫСЛОВЫХ СВЯЗЕЙ ПРОЧИТАННОГО ТЕКСТА


2.2.2. Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1-6 час­тями предложений, обозначенными буквами A-G. Одна из частей в списке A-G лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

^ HEALTHY SCHOOL MEALS

Children at Southdown Infants School in Bath enjoy tasty homemade meals such as roast turkey with fresh vegetables,

chicken, salad and fresh fruit for pudding. Vegetables are 1 -----------------------------------__ Instead of crisps, chocolate and sweets, the school canteen serves organic carrots, dried fruit and fresh seasonal fruit in bags for 10 р, 2 ------------------------------.

Southdown's healthy eating initiative began four years ago with the start of a breakfast club.

Now Ms Culley, the head teacher of the school, says that the teachers very clearly see the link between diet and concentration. "Children's concentration and behaviour 3 ----------------------- ." The teachers would also like to give the children the experience of eating together. It turned out that some children weren't used to that.

Pupils are also encouraged to find out more about where their
food comes from by 4 --------------------------------- .

Parents are also involved and are invited in to try school dinners on special occasions, 5 -----------------------------.

The efforts of staff, pupils and parents to create a healthy eating environment were recognized earlier this month 6 ------------------- the Best School Dinner award.

Ms Culley said; "We are happy to win this award. Healthy eating is at the centre of everything we do. It's really rewarding to see so many children enjoy real food."

  1. such as Easter and Christmas

  2. visiting a local farm

C. local, fresh and organic where possible

D. provide good quality food

E. definitely improve after a good meal
Г. and about 100 bags are sold each day
G. when the school was awarded



1

2

3

4

5

6





















^ 2.3. ЗАДАНИЯ НА ПОЛНОЕ И ТОЧНОЕ ПОНИМАНИЕ ИНФОРМАЦИИ В ПРОЧИТАННОМ ТЕКСТЕ

2.3.2. Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21, обводя цифру 1,2,3 или 4, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа.

^ A GOOD NIGHT'S SLEEP — AN IMPOSSIBLE DREAM?

Tonight, do yourself a favor. Shut off the TV, log off the Internet and unplug the phone. Relax, take a bath, maybe sip some herbal tea. Then move into the bedroom. Set your alarm clock for a time no less than eight hours in the future, fluff up your pillows and lay your head down for a peaceful night of restorative shut-eye. That's what American doctors advise.

American sleep experts are sounding an alarm over America's sleep deficit. They say Americans are a somnambulant nation, stumbling groggily through their waking hours for lack of sufficient sleep. They are working longer days —- and, increasingly, nights — and they are playing longer, too, as TV and the Internet expand the range of round-the-clock entertainment options. By some estimates, Americans are sleeping as much as an hour and a half less per night than they did at the turn of the century — and the problem is likely to get worse.

The health repercussions of sleep deprivation are not well understood, but sleep researchers point to ills ranging from heart problems to depression. In a famous experiment conducted at the University of Chicago in 1988, rats kept from sleeping died after two and a half weeks. People are not likely to drop dead in the same way, but sleep deprivation may cost them their lives indirectly, when an exhausted doctor prescribes the wrong dosage or a sleepy driver weaves into someone's lane.

What irritates sleep experts most is the fact that much sleep deprivation is voluntary. "People have regarded sleep as a commodity that they could shortchange," says one of them. "It's been considered a mark of very hard work and upward mobility to get very little sleep. It's a macho attitude." Slumber scientists hope that attitude will change. They say people have learned to modify their behavior in terms of lowering their cholesterol and increasing exercise. Doctors also think people need to be educated that allowing enough time for sleep and taking strategic naps are the most reliable ways to promote alertness behind the wheel and on the job.

Well, naps would be nice, but at the moment, employers tend to frown on them. And what about the increasing numbers of people who work at night? Not only must they work while their bodies' light-activated circadian rhythms tell them to sleep, they also find it tough to get to sleep after work. Biologists say night workers have a hard time not paying attention to the 9-to-5 day because of noises or family obligations or that's the only time they can go to the dentist. There are not too many dentists open at midnight.

As one might imagine, companies are springing up to take advantage of sleeplessness. One of the companies makes specially designed shift-work lighting systems intended to keep workers alert around the clock. Shift-work's theory is that bright light, delivered in a controlled fashion, can help adjust people's biological clocks. The company president says they are using light like a medicine. So far, such special lighting has been the province of NASA astronauts and nuclear power plant workers. He thinks that in the future, such systems may pop up in places like hospitals and 24-hour credit-card processing centers. Other researchers are experimenting with everything from welder' s goggles (which night workers wear during the day) to human growth hormones. And, of course, there is always what doctors refer to as "therapeutic caffeine use," but everyone is already familiar with that.

So, is a good night's sleep an impossible dream for Americans? Maybe so.


A15. The advice of American doctors is all about

  1. ways to reduce negative effect of modern technologies.

  2. complex measures that ensure healthy sleep.

  3. positive effect of herbal therapy.

  4. the process of restoring from unexpected psychological stress.

A16. Americans are referred to as a "somnambulant nation" because they

  1. need special help to fall asleep.

  2. are sleepwalkers.

  3. regularly wake up at night.

  4. don't get enough sleep to function effectively.

A17. Experiments with sleep deprivation proved that

  1. it inevitably leads to death.

  2. its repercussions have finally become predictable.

  3. it is likely to result in cardio or nervous problems.

  4. animal and human reaction are almost alike.

A18. There is a tendency to sleep less because

  1. people want to look tough at any cost.

  2. people think they can reduce sleeping hours without any harm.

  3. people have learned to cope with less sleep just as they have learned to lower cholesterol.

  4. otherwise they lose career and social opportunities.

A19. Having naps during the day would be nice, but

  1. doctors do not find them effective,

  2. people won't take them voluntarily.

  3. bosses are against this.

  4. it is difficult to arrange.

A20. People who work at night can hardly

  1. fulfill traditional family obligations.

  2. consult doctors when needed.

  3. socialize to their liking.

  4. ever sleep without ear-plugs.

A21. The main aim of specially designed shift-work lighting system is

  1. to help people feel alert at night.

  2. to provide better lightning.

  3. to prevent heart diseases.

4) to stimulate human growth hormones.






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